cyborg rights - School of Image Arts

By: Alex Basso
• Usually when people think cyborg they think of The Million
Dollar Man or Robocop. Essentially people think a cyborg is a
being which is half human and half robot.
• While this is not untrue it is not the full definition of a cyborg.
• In CYBORG RIGHTS by R.Clarke the definition of a cyborg is
broken down into 2 sections:
• A) Prosthete: a human that has a prosthesis.
• B) Orthot: a human that uses an orthosis.
• A prosthete is essentially a prosthetic that helps a human gain
functionality that they previously did not have, or helps to bring
a defective functionality up to par.
• A prosthete can also be broken down into 3 sections:
• Endo-Prothesis: Internal and integrated with the body; e.g. a
pace maker.
• Exo-Prothesis: outside of the body but integrated
with it; e.g. artificial limbs
• External Prothesis: this is separate from the body,
but is still integrated with it; e.g. a cane.
• An orthot is an item which is separate from the body, but which
enhances a function.
• An orthot can be broken into two categories:
• External Orthosis: this is external to the body but is integrated with it;
e.g. a microscope.
• Exo-Orthosis: this is on the
outer extremity of the body,
but integrated with it; e.g.
an artificial limb that
enhances the naturals
limb performance
(extra fingers).
Cyborg Rights (2011): 49-57. Ryerson Library. Web. 2 Oct.
• Rick Hansen In His Wheel Chair. Digital image.
CBC, 14 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.
• Screen Shot 021. Digital image. Http:// Eidos
Montreal, n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.
• Pre-Cyborg rights are the rights one has before they are a
• Some of these rights include:
• The right to recive quality of life prosthtetics; e.g. hearing aids.
• The right to recive a matter of life and death prosthetics; e.g.
pace makers
• The right to decline a prothesis or orthosis; e.g. a tracking chip.
• The right to claim on organizers of sporting events to enable the
participation of cyborg athletes; e.g. wheel chair basket ball.
• Some of the rights of some one who is a cyborg with a
prosthete(s) are:
• The right to disconnect from a prosthete; e.g. take their artifical
limb off or disconect from a life support system.
• The right to use any or all of the 3 different types of prosthete
(exo, endo, and external) in facilities used by the public; e.g. a
wheelchair on a boat.
• The right to claim on the organizers of sporting events to
participate seperatly from able bodied athletes(and vise versa)
• Some rights of a cyborg who has an orthot(s):
• The right to claim upon organizers of sporting events to
participate with able-bodied athletes.
• The right to claim against others to use their enhanced
capabilities, perhaps within only a certain context, or perhaps
generally, and in some cases free from retributive justice; e.g.
security personelle
• The right to observe, transmit, and record the behaviour of
others; e.g. The EYEBORG
• The rights that the Suppliers and Installers of prosthete’s and
orthots have:
• The right to develop, research and install prosthete’s and
• The right to be free from imposed legal liabilites, except where
neglagence is shown.
• The responsibilites of the engeneering profession essentaily
entail two main responsibilities:
• To construct new or update old environments to be cyborg
friendly; e.g. Wheel chair ramps.
• To raise public awareness, on a national level, about cyborgs
and what challenges need to be over come.

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