G-1-2 詞性的功用 • 請點選任一詞性,認識該詞性的功用。 • 點選練習,進行練習。 • 點選Answer,出現該練習解答。 • 點選Home,回到本選項。 • 點選 可聽英句子發音。 名詞 (n.) 形容詞(adj.) 動詞 (v.) 代名詞 副詞 (adv.) 連接詞 介係詞 感嘆詞.

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Slide 1

G-1-2

詞性的功用


Slide 2

• 請點選任一詞性,認識該詞性的功用。
• 點選練習,進行練習。
• 點選Answer,出現該練習解答。
• 點選Home,回到本選項。
• 點選

可聽英句子發音。

名詞 (n.)

形容詞(adj.)

動詞 (v.)

代名詞

副詞 (adv.)

連接詞

介係詞

感嘆詞


Slide 3

名詞 (n.)
功用
包括

用於表示各種生物、事物或抽象觀念
的名稱。
1.可數名詞

普通名詞:elephant(大象)
集合名詞:audience(觀眾)
物質名詞:money

2.不可數名詞 抽象名詞:love
專有名詞:China

練習


Slide 4

名詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「名詞」?

1. Peter is a handsome boy.
2. My father found a good place
for a picnic.

Answer


Slide 5

名詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「名詞」

1. Peter is a handsome boy.
2. My father found a good place
for a picnic.

Home


Slide 6

代名詞
功用
包括

用於代替名詞,具有避免重覆使用同
一名詞、使句子更簡潔的功能。
1.人稱代名詞,如:I, you, he
2.指示代名詞,如:this, that
3.不定代名詞,如:one, none, some
4.疑問代名詞,如:who, which, what
5.關係代名詞,如:who, which, that

練習


Slide 7

代名詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「代名詞」?

1. Most of the students joined the party.
They all had a great time.

2. You don’t have to do it alone.
We’ll help you.

Answer


Slide 8

代名詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「代名詞」

1. Most of the students joined the party.
They all had a great time.

2. You don’t have to do it alone.
We’ll help you.

Home


Slide 9

形容詞 (adj)
功用
包括

用於表示名詞或代名詞的狀態、性
質、數量等。
1.性質形容詞,如:good, red, large, new
2.代名形容詞,如:my, this, some, whose,
which

3.數量形容詞,如:one, first, double,
many

4.冠詞,如:a, an, the

練習


Slide 10

形容詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「形容詞」?

1. A pretty woman was sitting on a bench
and drinking a cup of coffee.

2. Two days ago, I had a terrible
car accident and was
chased by a fierce dog.

Answer


Slide 11

形容詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「形容詞」

1. A pretty woman was sitting on a bench
and drinking a cup of coffee.

2. Two days ago, I had a terrible
car accident and was
chased by a fierce dog.

Home


Slide 12

動詞 (v.)
功用
包括

用於描述名詞和代名詞的「動作」或
「狀態」。
1.第一種分類
2.第二種分類

Be動詞:is, am, are, was, were
一般動詞:come, do, forget
及物動詞(Vt.):speak,
look at
不及物動詞(Vi.):run,
get up

練習


Slide 13

動詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「動詞」?

1. The man is very strange.
He is staring at me.

2. He works very hard so that he
can support his family.

Answer


Slide 14

動詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「動詞」

1. The man is very strange.
He is staring at me.

2. He works very hard so that he
can support his family.

Home


Slide 15

副詞 (adv.)
功用

用於修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞或全句,可添增
「被修飾語」的某種「細節」或「特性」。

包括

1.時間副詞(表動詞發生的時間),如:now, yesterday
2.地方副詞(表動詞發生的地點),如:here, home
3.情狀副詞(修飾動詞的情緒、狀態),如:easily, happily
4.程度副詞(修飾形容詞、副詞的程度),如:very, quite
5.頻率副詞(修飾動詞、形容詞的頻率),
如:always, often
6.肯定/否定副詞,如: Yes, No
7.疑問副詞(引導直接問句),
如:when, where, why, how
8.介副詞(看起來像是介詞,但卻具有副詞作用),
如:up, down, in, out, on, off

練習


Slide 16

副詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「副詞」?

1. George often goes to school early.
2. Yesterday, Henry went home late
and was very tired.

Answer


Slide 17

副詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「副詞」

1. George often goes to school early.
2. Yesterday, Henry went home late
and was very tired.

Home


Slide 18

介係詞
功用
包括

置於名詞或代名詞之前,用於表示該名
詞或代名詞與句中其他詞的「關係」。
1.表時間:at 5 o’clock
2.表地方:in America
3.表方法:by train
4.表方向:into the room
5.表狀態:with long hair

練習


Slide 19

介係詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「介係詞」?

1. There are two pictures hanging on
the wall.
2. The girl with a big smile is
my sister.

Answer


Slide 20

介係詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「介係詞」

1. There are two pictures hanging on
the wall.
2. The girl with a big smile is
my sister.

Home


Slide 21

連接詞
功用
包括

用於連接句中的「詞與詞」「片語與片
語」「子句與子句」,具加強語氣、使
句子變長、或變化的功能。

1.對等連接詞,如:and, or, but,
not only…but also
2.從屬連接詞,如:that, when,
because, if,
as soon as

練習


Slide 22

連接詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「連接詞」?

1. Most guests sang and danced all
night.
2. I haven’t met him since he
moved to Taipei 10 years
ago.

Answer


Slide 23

連接詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「連接詞」

1. Most guests sang and danced all
night.
2. I haven’t met him since he
moved to Taipei 10 years
ago.

Home


Slide 24

感嘆詞
功用

包括

用於表達喜怒哀樂等情緒,或者用於呼
喚他人,引起對方的注意。與句中的其
他詞並無文法上的關係,此點異於其他
詞性。
Wow! Cheers! Oops! Ouch!
Good luck! Dear me! Look out!

練習


Slide 25

感嘆詞 – 練習
下列句子中哪些單字是「感嘆詞」?

1. Ouch! Stones fell on my foot.
It really hurt.
2. Wow! It’s really
amazing.

Answer


Slide 26

感嘆詞 – 練習
紅色字即為「感嘆詞」

1. Ouch! Stones fell on my foot.
It really hurt.
2. Wow! It’s really
amazing.

Home


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