World Geography Powerpoint Chapter 12

Report
Slide 1

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 2

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 3

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 4

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 5

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 6

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 7

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


Slide 8

CHAPTER 12

South America
Section 1: Natural Environments
Section 2: History and Culture
Section 3: South America Today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:
What are the different
environments and landforms
of South America?

SECTION 1

Natural Environments
Landforms and Rivers
Andes
Guiana Highlands, tepuís
Brazilian Highlands
Amazon River basin, Llanos,
Gran Chaco, Pampas
Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná
Rivers

Climates
tropical humid in Amazon Basin
highland in Andes
tropical wet and dry
Mediterranean in central Chile
semiarid and arid in Patagonia,
Atacama

South
America

Biomes
tropical rain forest
dry forest
savannas
deserts

Natural Resources
rubber and timber
hydroelectricity production
nuts and plants for medicine
gold, silver, copper, iron ore,
bauxite, oil

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

How did the colonial period
and independence affect
South America?

SECTION 2

History and Culture
Causes and Effects in South America’s History
Colonization

Inca conquered,
lands taken by Europeans
European animals and agricultural products
introduced,
death of indigenous people from European diseases
and conquest

Independence

dictatorships supported by wealthy families,
military coups and political instability

SECTION 3

South America Today

Question:

What are some of the
characteristics of the economy
and cities, and what issues
face South America today?

SECTION 3

South America Today

Economy

Cities

Issues

• developing or middle
income countries
• agriculture,
subsistence and
commercial farming
• wide range of
industrial products
• Mercosur important
free trade group

• large parts of each
country’s population
living in big cities
• rural-urban migration
• urban poor living in
slums that surround
the city
• crime and lack of
services in these
areas

• poverty
• Amazon rain forests
being cleared for
farming and ranching
• soil exhaustion and
overgrazing
threatening the land
• border disputes,
terrorism, and
political corruption

CHAPTER 12

Chapter Wrap-Up
1. What are the five climate zones of the Andes,
and what vegetation is found in each?
2. What are some products that come from the
rain forest?
3. What were some accomplishments of early
South American people?
4. How did Spanish and Portuguese settlement
spread?
5. What are three factors that create tensions in
South America?


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