Occupational Health Hazards in Minerals Exploration

Report
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARDS IN MINERALS
EXPLORATIONASSESSING THE KNOWN AND UNKNOWN.
QLD Mining Industry Health & Safety Conference 2009- Townsville
Dustin Bennett
Principal Consultant- OHS & Hygiene
GCG Health Safety & Hygiene
GCG
 Challenges facing the mineral exploration industry.
 Likely health hazards for Mineral Exploration workers.
 Risk assessing health hazards- Where do I start???
 Identify
 Assess
 Control
townsville
brisbane
perth
GCG
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Minimise the risk of ill health from exposure to workplace stressors.
 Occupational Disease
 Legislative Requirements
townsville
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GCG
INTRODUCTION
WHY?
CHALLENGES
CHALLENGES








Resourcing
Transient workforce
Remote work areas
Work environment
Limited access to maintenance facilities
Variable mineralisation
Competitive cost driven market
Lack of engineering controls in industry
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HEALTH HAZARDS
HEALTH HAZARDS
Health hazards may come in the form of:
— Biological hazards
— Chemical hazards
— Ergonomic hazards
— Physical hazards
townsville
brisbane
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GCG
May include, but not limited to:
— Airborne Particulates
— Noise
— Vibration
— Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)
— Thermal Stress
— UV Radiation
— Chemicals
— Ergonomics
— Water
TOWNSVILLE
BRISBANE
PERTH
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HEALTH HAZARDS
TYPICAL EXPLORATION HEALTH HAZARDS
AIRBORNE PARTICULATES
AIRBORNE PARTICULATES- A CLOSER LOOK
GCG
 Inhalable Dust
 Respirable Dust
— Crystalline Silica
 Coal Dust
 Heavy Metals
 Asbestiform
 NORM
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brisbane
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GCG
AIRBORNE PARTICULATES
AIRBORNE PARTICULATES- A CLOSER LOOK
Characterise Workplace- Establish SEGs
Consider the Likelihood of Exposure- could the
health impact or consequence occur?
Determine level of Risk
OK
Existing
Controls
?
Not OK
Treat/Control Risks
GCG
Source: Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists- Simplified Occupational Risk Management Strategies.
Monitor Responses and Review Risks
Risk Register and Action Plan
Identify Hazards and their Health Impact
HEALTH HAZARD RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL
HEALTH HAZARD RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL
HEALTH HAZARD RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL- PRESENTATION FOCUS
Characterise Workplace- Establish SEGs
Consider the Likelihood of Exposure- could the
health impact or consequence occur?
Determine level of Risk
OK
Existing
Controls
?
Not OK
Treat/Control Risks
GCG
Source: Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists- Simplified Occupational Risk Management Strategies.
Monitor Responses and Review Risks
Risk Register and Action Plan
Identify Hazards and their Health Impact
HEALTH HAZARD RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL- PRESENTATION FOCUS
Characterise Workplace- Establish SEGs
Identify Hazards and their Health Impact
Consider the Likelihood of Exposure- could the health
impact or consequence occur?
Determine level of Risk
GCG
Source: Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists- Simplified Occupational Risk Management Strategies.
1. ESTABLISH SEG’S
Similar Exposure Groups = SEG’s
— Grouping of employees/contractors whose exposure to health
hazards are similar.
— Risk management applied to a group rather than each
individual.
— No simple way to define groups accurately. Commonly by role:
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
RC Driller
RC Offsider
RC Field Technician
RC Geologist
Diamond Driller
Diamond Drill Offsider
Supervisor/Technical
Etc.
townsville
brisbane
Establish
SEGs
Identify
Hazards
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Risk
Assessment
perth
2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION & CONSEQUENCE
— Health hazards may change from site to site or even between
drill holes.
— Systematic process to identify hazards:
— Consider: Biological, Chemical, Physical &Ergonomic
Hazards.
— Culmination of Information at hand.
— “Walkthrough Survey”
— Consequence rating
— Walkthrough Survey
— Process to identify and characterise hazards on site.
— May involve:
—Staff discussions, inspections, environment, products,
methods.
townsville
brisbane
perth
Establish
SEGs
Identify
Hazards
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Risk
Assessment
2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION & CONSEQUENCE [CONT]
— After hazards are identified, define consequence for each.
Example qualitative consequence scale:
Establish
SEGs
Identify
Hazards
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Source: Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists- Simplified Occupational Risk Management Strategies & AS4360:2004
For example:
— Asbestos=
5
— Silica (RCS)=
5
— Noise=
— Vibration=
4
3
townsville
brisbane
Risk
Assessment
perth
3. EXPOSURE CHARACTERISATION & LIKELIHOOD
— Assessment may be ‘Qualitative’ or ‘Quantitative’
Establish
SEGs
— Exploration: initial qualitative assessment?
— Perform follow up quantitative assessment if:
— Exposures could exceed exposure limit
— Exposure have resulted in complaints or adverse health
effects
— Exposures are to known carcinogens, reproductive toxins or
ionising radiation.
Identify
Hazards
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Risk
Assessment
— VARIABLE EXPOSURES?
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brisbane
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3. EXPOSURE CHARACTERISATION & LIKELIHOOD [CONT]
— Consolidate appropriate information and define likelihood.
— Likelihood rating will change dependant on variables.
Example qualitative Likelihood scale:
Establish
SEGs
Identify
Hazards
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Source: Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists- Simplified Occupational Risk Management Strategies & AS4360:2004
Risk
Assessment
townsville
brisbane
perth
4. RISK ASSESSMENT
— Perform risk assessment so controls can be applied.
— Hazards with very low exposure potential do not need to be
assessed. Must be recorded and assessed periodically.
Establish
SEGs
Identify
Hazards
Example Risk Assessment Matrix:
Likelihood
of
Exposure
Risk
Assessment
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brisbane
perth
— For consideration to graphically display results:
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brisbane
perth
GCG
RISK MATRIX- EXAMPLE
RISK SCORE MATRIX- EXAMPLE
— Exploration projects will have hazards that require risk assessing.
— Systematic process to Identify, Assess and Control.
— May be performed internally by experienced and skilled persons,
but expert advice must be sought for complex hazards or scenarios.
— Processes allows resources to be applied efficiently where required.
townsville
brisbane
perth
GCG
CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION
QUESTIONS?
Dustin Bennett
Brett Jones
Brendan Green
Principal consultant
OHS & Hygiene
Principal Consultant
Health & Safety
Principal consultant
Health & Safety
Mobile
0416 193 842
Email
[email protected]
Mobile
0414 797 282
Email
[email protected]
Mobile
0418 797 282
Email
[email protected]
BRISBANE
PERTH
TOWNSVILLE
www.gcg.net.au
Head Office – Perth Phone: (08) 9456 3045

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