我把車停在旁边

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我把车停在旁边
• The 把 [bǎ] structure
• 把 + Object + V +在 place
• For example:
• 我把车停在旁边。
• I parked the car on the side.
我把車停在旁边
• The 把 [bǎ] structure
• 把 + Object + V +到 place
• For example:
• 我把床和书桌搬到楼上
• I moved the bed and desk upstairs.
来lái
to come
indicates a motion that is coming toward the speaker
去qù
to go
indicates a motion going away from the speaker.
Simple Directional complement
Motion verb + 来/去
回来 come back
回去 go back
上来 come up
下来 come down
过来 come over here
过去 go over there
搬来 move over here
搬去 move over there
A directional complement is a word that follows a motion or
action verb to show the direction of the motion or action. Simple
directional complements are formed by adding 来 (come) or 去
(go) to a motion verb.
Compound Directional complement
Action verb + simple directional complement
开过来 drive over here
我先把车开走, 你再把车开过来.
I’ll move my car away first, then you can drive
your car over here.
The action verb express the action. The simple DC indicates the direction of the
action relative to a location or the direction toward or away from the speaker.
Compound Directional complement
Action verb + simple directional complement
我哥哥想 搬过来.
My older brother is thinking about moving here.
The action verb express the action. The simple DC indicates the direction of the
action relative to a location or the direction toward or away from the speaker.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
撞
坏
-> 撞坏
我把房东的树撞坏了.
I knocked down the landlord’s tree.
The resultative complement indicates the result.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
装
好
-> 装好
我把电脑装好了.
I have set up the computer.
The resultative complement indicates the result.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
累
坏
-> 累坏
这次搬家把你们累坏了.
This move has tired you out.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
打
开 (open)
-> 打开 (open)
我把箱子打开.
I will open up the boxes.
As a complement of result, 开 means “to cause
something closed to open through the action”.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
挂 (to hang)
好
-> 挂好
我来把衣服挂好.
I will hang up the clothes.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
关
上
-> 关上 (close up)
穿
上
-> 穿上 ( put on)
让我把门窗关上.
windows.
Let me close the door and
上 indicates the completion of an action has brought
about a certain result such as coming together or being
closed up.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb + adjective/verb  resultative complement (RC)
看
完 (finish)
-> 看完(finish reading)
I have finished reading this book.
我把这本书看完了.
Resultative Complement (RC)
Verb
累
打
挂
关
穿
看
+ adjective/verb
坏
开
好
上
上
完 (finish)
 resultative complement (RC)
-> 累坏
-> 打开
-> 挂好
-> 关上 (close up)
-> 穿上
-> 看完(finish seeing)
Practice Quiz
• Translate the following sentences into
Chinese using 把 sentence structure:
• 1. I parked my car on the side.
• 2. We broke the landlord’s mirror yesterday.
• 3. I moved the bed and desk downstairs.
The negative form of the 把
sentence is normally by using the
negative adverb 没(有) before the
preposition 把.
For example:
我没有把房东的树撞坏.
你没有把饭吃完.

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