SKETCH A COPY OF THE EATWELL PLATE NOTE RESOURCES USED TO GET YOUR INFO: Text me about micro-nutrients http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=et69eM7KBHQ or click QR code LIST THE 6 NUTRIENTS and explain why the body needs them. GCSE PE BALANCED DIET. Watch video QR below What are the 3 macro nutrients in our diet and what food sources supply the body with these nutrients? Answer in your book. Past Exam Questions: • Explain the requirements of a balanced diet.(4) Answer • A balanced diet should include macro and micro nutrients, fibre and water. • These nutrients should be eaten in the correct proportions. • Macro nutrients provide the body with energy and Micronutrients helps the body to keep healthy. • Fibre helps the body to digest and water keeps the body hydrated. Past Exam Questions • Explain the importance of micronutrients in maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle. (3) Answer • Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals. • Micronutrients keep the body healthy. • Vitamin D for example helps the body to absorb calcium, which is good for maintaining healthy strong bones. Past Exam Questions • Explain why we are told not to exercise immediately after eating a large meal. (3) Answer • To digest food the digestive system needs a greater blood supply. • During exercise the working muscles needs a greater blood supply. • Blood is therefore shunted away from the digestive system to the working muscles • Therefore there will not be enough blood flow to exercise or digest the food properly. Past Exam Questions • Diet and rest need to be considered when planning a healthy, active lifestyle. Describe the impact of diet on the cardiovascular system. (3 marks) Answer. • A poor diet which is high in saturated fat is not good for the cardiovascular system. • Saturated fat contains LDL which is bad cholesterol. • Cholesterol narrows the arteries causing high blood pressure. • This increases the risk of stroke or CHD DRAW AND LABEL THE PYRAMID GENERATE A WORD CLOUD OF KEY TERMS Elite Sports Pyramid Performance Foundation Participation GENERAL NOTE SCRIBBLE The base of the pyramid is the foundation this is large because more people participate at this level. This is the beginner level this is when everyone tries the activity for the first time. Participation level is where people are participating and practising the activity and playing for fun in their own free time. Performance level is where participants are wanting to get better and are training regularly with a coach to improve their skill level and are competing regularly in local and regional leagues and cup competitions This is the professional/international performer at the top of his/her game. Sports Participation Pyramid A picture to visually show the levels of participation in sport. SPORTS PARTICIPATION PYRAMID NOTE WEBSITES USED TO GET YOUR INFO: Is an elite performer just those who are professionals?