the philippine disaster risk profile

Report
2nd National Legislative Summit for the Protection
and Development of Children
“The Situation of the Children
in Times of Calamities”
Presented By:
SUSANA M. CRUZ
Regional Director
Office of Civil Defense-NCR
Module Objectives
THE PHILIPPINE
DISASTER RISK PROFILE
RP DISASTER RISK PROFILE
RP is vulnerable to almost all types of natural
hazards because of its geographical location
RP DISASTER RISK PROFILE
The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of
the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of
Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized
by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and
earthquake generators (faults).
The Philippines is located in the Pacific typhoon
belt. The country experiences an average of 20
typhoons a year, 5 of which are said to be
destructive.
NATURAL HAZARDS
FLOODS
TYPHOONS AND STORM SURGES
EARTHQUAKES
VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
CLIMATIC VARIABILITIES
(LA NIÑA/EL NIÑO)
TSUNAMI
LANDSLIDES
GROUND SUBSIDENCE
MANMADE HAZARDS
FIRE INCIDENTS
SEA ACCIDENTS
AIR ACCIDENTS
LAND ACCIDENTS
OIL SPILL
CIVIL STRIFE
POLLUTION
(SOLID WASTE, AIR, WATER AND THERMAL)
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS
(RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT, GAS LEAKS)
TERRORISM
RED TIDE
9th in 2009
6th in 2010
World Risk Index Report 2011
Source: UNU IEHS (Sept 26,2011)
http://ihrrblog.org/2011/09/26/2011-un-world-risk-index/
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
14
28
34
57
85
91
104
153
Country
Risk
(%)
Vanuatu
Tonga
Philippines
Solomon Islands
Guatemala
Timor-Leste
Cambodia
Brunei
Darussalam
32.00
29.08
24.32
23.51
20.88
17.45
16.58
14.08
Indonesia
Vietnam
Myanmar
Thailand
Malaysia
Lao PDR
Singapore
11.69
11.21
8.54
6.86
6.69
5.80
2.85
 The Philippines ranked as 3rd
Reference: UNU IHES (2011) as cited by Godillano (2014)
WHEN DISASTER OCCURS….ONE OF THE MOST VULNERABLES
ARE THE CHILDREN
D
I
S
A
S
T
E
R
EFFECTS of DISASTERS
Contribute to the emotional, psychological, social
and environmental stress of the children
 They understand less about the situation
- Provide basic information to help children understand,
without providing unnecessary details that may further
trouble them.
EFFECTS of DISASTERS
Children’s emotions are most impacted when they
see the reactions of their parents and the destruction
of their house/properties.
EFFECTS of DISASTERS
 Disrupts normal operation of school. School buildings
and facilities are converted into temporary evacuation
centers.
EFFECTS of DISASTERS
Evacuation/Relocation creates an exceptional and
unique coping experience and challenges. Fear
of having opportunities to be with their friends
and other relatives.
EFFECTS of DISASTERS
Children are likely to get sick or injured
than adult person.
 CURRENT INITIATIVES
CURRENT INITIATIVES
• Institutionalization of the Humanitarian Cluster Approach
Cluster
GoP Lead
UN-HCT Lead
Food and Non-Food Items
DSWD
WFP
Camp Management
DSWD
IOM
Shelter and Livelihood
DSWD
IFRC
WASH, Health, Nutrition, & Psychosocial
Services
DOH
UNICEF, WHO
Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications
OCD
WFP
Education
DepEd
UNICEF
Agriculture
DA
FAO
Early Recovery
OCD
UNDP
TRAINING AND EDUCATION IN DRRM (RA#10121)
Integration of DRR
Education in School
Curricula at the Secondary
and Tertiary Levels, NSTP,
Sanggunian Kabataan;
Mandatory Training in DRR
for Public Sector Employees,
including formal and nonformal, vocational,
indigenous learning and outof-school youth courses and
programs
 Disaster Preparedness & Awareness Program
 Conduct of Nationwide Simultaneous Earthquake Drill
 Disaster Preparedness & Awareness Program for
Children with disabilities
PHILIPPINE SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF
CEREMONIAL EARTHQUAKE DRILL
 Orientation on Disaster Preparedness and Awareness Program.
- Hazards & Vulnerabilities
- Evacuation Process
- Safety Tips and What to do
The NDRRMC mobile applications
software “BATINGAW” is designed to
run on smartphones, tablet computers
and other mobile devices. The name
“BATINGAW” is a Pilipino word for
“siren or alarm”. It is downloadable
and free of charge intended for the
public
and
focuses
on
disaster
awareness and management.
The objectives are as follows:
1. Provide handy electronic resources
to the public that can be utilize in times
of emergencies.
2. Increase public awareness on the
fundamentals
of
Disaster
Risk
Reduction and areas for informationsharing that can be incorporated in
actions needed to future emergencies.
3. Use key learning points for
preparedness
activities
such
as
knowledge for individuals and their
respective family members before,
during and after disasters.
 RECOMMENDATIONS
 PREPARE A FAMILY DISASTER PREPAREDNESS PLAN
- Having a family disaster plan is important. This is a forward
planning process in a state of uncertainty.
- Discuss with your children about disaster. Children can cope more
effectively with disaster when they understand what is happening
and they know what to do to protect themselves, their family as
well as friends
Risk & Vulnerability Assessment
Consolidate disaster risk information which
includes natural hazards, vulnerabilities, and
climate change risks, and maintain a local
risk maps;
 Disseminate information and raise public awareness
on different hazards,vulnerabilities and risks, early
warning signs and countermeasures.
 Conduct Youth Summit on DRRM as part of
Information, Education and Communication Campaign
 Encourage/Support DRRM Activities involving
the Youth Sector.
- Tree Planting Activities
- Clean-Up Drive
- Community Drills
- Relief Operations
 Increase healthcare services in the affected areas.
 Ensure breast-feeding area at relocation site/evacuation area for
lactating mothers
 Consider kid-friendly supplies in the evacuation areas.
Support children play-hour, games and other recreations
THANK YOU!
Office of Civil Defense-National Capital Region (OCD-NCR)
Telefax: 421-1918/913-2786
Email: [email protected]

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