Substance, Abuse and Use

Report
Substance,
Abuse and Use
Classroom Rules….
 No
personal stories (talking about
classmates, friends, using names)
 BE RESPECTFUL of others in the classroom
 You have the right to pass
DRUGS!!
 What

is a drug?
Most common among Highschool students
in Manitoba?
 Why
would students experiment with
drugs?
 Why
wouldn’t students experiment with
drugs?
Drug Any
substance, other than food, that when
taken into the body changes the way that
the body or mind functions.
 Most



Common:
Alcohol
Cannabis
Tobacco
DRUGS:





Peer pressure
Enjoying the feeling
Escapism
Curiosity
Emotional factors
 Low self-esteem,
high stress, social
status
NO DRUGS:




Not interested
Addictive
Bad for you health
Other
priorities/interests in
life (sports, clubs,
school)
Levels of Involvement
1.
2.
Non-involved
Irregular

3.
Regular

4.
More patterned use (i.e. every pay day)
Harmful


5.
Experimented
Patterned use
Affecting aspects of life (attendance,
grades, work)
Dependent


Tried to quit but with no real success
Feel uncomfortable when sober or not
**All drugs have the potential
to be harmful**
Harmful events can occur in just one use
Real Life Drug Story Video..
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOLb
21bii-A
What do you know about
drugs?
 Types?
 How
they effect the body?
Type of drugs
 CNS



Slow down the body and brain
Withdrawal symptoms are opposite
Cause many physical dependencies
 CNS


Depressant Drugs
Stimulant Drugs
Speed up the body and brain
Withdrawal symptoms are opposite
Types of Drugs…..
 Hallucinogenic


Drugs
Distort the senses and info to the brain
Withdrawal symptoms:
 Agitation,
episodes
flashbacks, anxiety and psychotic
 Other:


Medical purposes and are non mind
altering e.g. Penicillin
Non medical uses and are non mind
altering e.g. Anabolic steriods
Types of drugs…….
Alcohol
 What
constitutes a drink? Which contains
more alcohol?
1
can of beer (12 oz. 5%)?
 5 oz of wine (12%)?
 1.5 oz shot of hard liquor (40%)?
Alcohol
Short Term Effects
 Slurred speech, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness
 Upset stomach, headaches and breathing
difficulties
 Distorted vision and hearing
 Impaired judgment
 Decreased perception and coordination
 Unconsciousness
 Blackouts and coma
Long Term Effects
 Injuries
 Difficulties in relationships and family problems
 Alcohol poisoning
 High blood pressure, stroke and heart related
diseases
 Liver disease and nerve damage
 Permanent brain damage
 Vitamin B1 deficiency
 Malnutrition, ulcers, gastritis and cancer of throat
and mouth
Tobacco
Types:
 Cigarettes
 Cigars and Pipes
 Smokeless Tobacco



Snuff – powdered tobacco sniffed up nose
Dipping Tobacco- placed between cheek and
gum
Chewing Tobacco- like dip but must be chewed
Negative Effects of Tobacco
Short Term Effects
 Increased risk of respiratory illness
 Impaired lung growth and function
 Shortness of breath
 Bad breath and smelly clothes
Long Term Effects
 Cancer of mouth, throat, lung, kidney, and stomach
 Emphysema
 Heart disease
 Significantly reduced lifespan – If teens continue their habit
into adulthood:



Over $75,000 in medical care as a result of smoking
Life expectancy up to 20 years shorter than non-smokers
May increase depression symptoms in teens (contradicts
popular beliefs)
Anti-Smoking Ads….
 Are
they effective?
 How
would design an ad to make it more
effective in reaching teens?
Steroids
 Man-
made version of male sex hormone
 By mouth or injection
Short Term Effects
 Able to exercise longer and harder
 Feelings of confidence and enthusiasm
 Aggressive, irritable and mood swings (“roid
rage”)
 Anxious, unable to sleep well and depressed
 Headaches, stomach aches and nose bleeds
 High blood pressure and a faster heart rate
Long Term Effects
 Increase in muscle size and rapid weight gain
 Acne
 “moon face”- becomes round
 Decreased flexibility
 Jaundice
 Incurable liver damage
 Stroke or heart attack (blood clots and
hardening of arteries)
 Paranoid feelings
 Violent behaviour
Over the Counter Drugs
OTC Drugs
Examples: Gravol, Benadryl, Tylenol PM, Excedrin
PM, Robitussin, Vicks Nyquil etc.
 No laws regarding the purchasing of these drugs,
but illegal to use any substance with the purpose of
getting high.
Short Term Effects
 Drowsiness, dizziness, problems with physical
coordination and judgement.
 Numbness, nausea, vomiting, racing heart,
hallucinations and increased blood pressure.
 Mixing with other medications and alcohol can be
fatal.

Long Term Effects
 Depression, confusion, loss of energy, vomiting
and difficulty thinking and socializing.
 Loss of coordination and reduced ability to
learn.
 Can develop psychogical and physical
dependence.
OxyContin
 Pain
medication prescribed by a doctor
 Has become one of the most abused
prescription drugs in the U.S. and Canada
 Abusers crush the tablet to ingest or snort, or
dilute in water and inject.
Short Term Effects (if abused)
 Constipation, loss of appetite, sweating
 Nausea and vomiting
 Slight decrease in breathing rate
 Constricted pupils
Long Term Effects
 Depression, difficulty concentrating and
sleeping, sexual problems
 Constipation
 Disrupted menstrual cycles
 Body stops making natural painkillers (severe
pains when drug leaves the body)
 Lower heart rate, blood pressure and breathing
 Disorientation, convulsions and hallucinations
 Possible death from high doses
 Psychological and physical dependence
Inhalants
 Solvents,

aerosols, inhale to get high
Gasoline, automobile fluids, lighter fluid, paint
etc.
 Also
known as “sniff”
 Quickly travel to heart, heart, lungs,
bloodstream, central nervous system and brain
(is not filtered through digestive system, kidneys
and liver like other drugs)
Short Term Effects
 Death can occur after only one use!


Irregular heartbeat resulting in heart attack
Breathing stops due to suffocation from choking
on vomit
Short Term Effects
 Short
high (few min-half hour) followed by
sleepiness
 Muscle weakness, clumsiness and slowing of
movements
 Dizzy, giddy, headache and sensitive to light
 Chest and stomach pain
 Slurred speech, blurred vision, ringing in ears
 Loss of appetite, nauseam throwing up, bad
breath and drooling
 Nosebleeds, sores on mouth and nose
 Nervousness, disorientation
 Aggressiveness, violent behaviour, loss of
judgement
 Hearing and seeing things that are not there
Long Term Effects
 Mood swings and personality changes
 Lack of energy
 Memory loss, attention, thinking and learning
problems
 Movement and coordination problems
 Severe and permanent brain damage
 Uncontrollable eye movements, loss of hearing
and sense of smell
 Nerve damage starting in hands and feet
 Severe damage to lungs, kidneys, liver, heart,
blood, immune system and senses
Caffeine and Energy Drinks
 What
 In







has the greatest amount of caffeine?
your table, order the following drinks:
NOS (473 ml)
Wired (710 ml)
Can of coke (355 ml)
Red Bull (250 ml)
Rockstar (473 ml)
Full Throttle (473 ml)
Coffee (273 ml)
Caffeine….
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Wired-----------505 mg of caffeine
NOS-------------260 mg of caffeine
Rockstar-------160 mg of caffeine
Full Throttle----144 mg of caffeine
Coffee----------76-179 mg of caffeine (brew)
Red Bull---------80 mg of caffeine
Can of Coke—36-46 mg of caffeine
Energy Drinks
Short Term Effects- 1 Energy Drink/day
 Feel less drowsy, improved mood, more alert,
attentive and able to concentrate
 Increased blood pressure and body temperature
 Need to urinate and have problems sleeping
More than 1 drink
 Irritable, nervous, restless and agitated
 Headache, nauseous and rapid heart beat
Long Term Effects- more than 600 mg daily
 May cause depression, upset stomach, anxiety
and chronic sleep problems
Cocaine/Crack



Same drug
Cocaine: white crystal powder and can be smoked,
snorted or injected
Crack: rock like form of cocaine and is usually smoked
Short Term Effects
 Enlarged pupils, dry mouth and stuffy nose
 More energy, alertness, less of a need to eat/sleep and
feelings of euphoria
 Increased heart rate, breathing and blood pressure
 Anxiety, unpredictable behaviour and hallucinations
 Single dose can contribute to seizures, heart attack or
death from stroke
Long Term Effects
 Chapped and damaged nose
 Headaches and problems experiencing
pleasure when not under the influence
 Sexual dysfunction in men
 Attention, memory and behavioural problems
 Weakened immune system
 Tooth decay, weight and appetite loss
 Seizures, health problems and stroke
 Depression and paranoia
Ecstasy
Made in illegal labs, effects usually begin 60-90 minutes
after taken and last 3-6 hours
Short Term Effects
 Pleasure, confidence and increased sociability
 Increased energy, feeling more alert and awake
 Dilated pupils, rapid eye movement and blurred vision
 Rapid heart rate, breathing and blood pressure
 Clenching jaw muscles and teeth grinding
 Dehydration, dry mouth and throat
 Nausea, vomiting and lack of appetite
 Distortions in thinking and time
 Hallucinations

Long Term Effects
 Depression, forgetfulness, poor concentration
and thoughts of suicide
 Sleeping problems, paranoia, tiredness and
panic
 Liver damage
 Acne-like rash
 Teeth and jaw damage from clenching
 Aggressive behaviour
 Death from heart or kidney failure (caused by
dehydration or abnormally high body temp)
Cannabis
 Contains



THC and used to produce
Marijuana
Hashish (brown/black and chunky looking)
Hash oil (sticky oil, brown, black, red or clear)
 Smoked
or eaten, if smoked (effects felt within a
few minutes and lasts 3-4 hours if eaten may take
more than an hour to be felt and may continue
to effect uses the next day)
Short Term Effects
 Lowered skin temperature, red eyes, drowsiness
and slurred speech
 Increased heart rate and blood pressure
 Slow reaction time and poor coordination
 Concentration and memory problems
 Feelings of extreme pleasure (giddy)
 Strong desire for food and feeling that time is
going slowly or quickly
 Feeling of being separated from reality
 Panicky feelings or paranoia
Long Term Effects
 Short term memory problems
 Difficulty problem solving and learning
 Breathing problems and increased risk of
cancer
 Reproductive system problems
 Decreased energy, motivation and interest in
life
 Fearfulness and anxiety after a high dose
Magic Mushrooms


Hallucinogenic mushrooms
Found in the wild or harvested indoors
Short Term Effects
 Relaxed and tired feelings
 Mood swings and changed sense of space, time and
consciousness
 Feeling heavy or very light and changes in sight, smell,
hearing, taste and touch
 Hallucinations and feeling confused or paranoid and
dilated pupils
 Mild increase in BP, heart beat and breathing
 Numbness of tongue, lips and mouth
Long Term Effects
 Little research, not much known……
Anti- Drug Ad….

Create an Anti- Drug advertisement/poster based on one
of the drugs discussed (or one that is approved by Miss H.)

Can use any medium you choose (Glogster is a great
program to use)

Be creative! What would stop you from doing drugs?

See Rubric for outline

Due on Test day!
MADD Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UuFteOghes
Changing the World Relationship with
Alcohol- TED Talks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJSLZ
GJaQdc
Legal Issues/Consequences of
Drug Use and Abuse:
 Blood




Alcohol Concentration
Legal Limit is 0.08%- charges laid
80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood
Over 0.05%- suspended license
0.0% BAC- graduated license
 Controlled


Drugs and Substances Act
List of illegal drugs
Punishments for possession, use and distribution
Legal Issues continued:
 Class
Debate Activity
 Groups 1 & 2: Marijuana for personal use is


ethical.
Groups 3 & 4: Professional athletes need to use
performance enhancing drugs to win (think Lance
Armstrong).
Groups 5 & 6: Cigarette Manufacturers should
compensate all costs associated with the medical
care of smokers.
How to Say No…
 DECIDE
MODEL (decision making
process):






D- define the problem
E- establish the criteria
C- consider all the alternatives
I- identify the best alternative
D- develop and implement a plan of action
E- evaluate and monitor the solution and
feeback when necessary
Case study #1:
1.
What would you do in this situation? With
a partner use the DECIDE model to
discuss
2.
How would you say no to drugs or
alcohol in the first place to not put
yourself in this situation?
Case Study #2……
 Elizabeth’s


Story
With a partner discuss strategies Elizabeth
could have used to chance the course of
her life.
Share with class
Test Review: “Family Feud”
4
Teams


Designate team captain
Decide on family name
Test Format
 10
Multiple Choice Questions
 5 True/False
 1 “Listing-Type” Question
 1 Short Answer- Reflection on decision
making/applying to your life *hint/hint*
References
SEE ATTACHED IN APPENDIX

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