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Honors Analysis Mr. Manker is traveling to California. He drives at a constant pace: 100 miles the first two hours 210 miles the next three hours 240 miles the next four hours Create a graph showing his distance and time What is the domain of the function? The range? Write the equation of the function for distance (after time t hours) using piecewise notation What is Mr. Manker’s rate of change (speed) on the interval (0, 2)? What is his speed on the interval (2, 5)? What is his speed on the interval (5, 9)? What aspects of this scenario aren’t realistic? Why? Write the domain and range using interval notation: Give the domain and range using interval notation: The post office offers flat-rate mailing of packages: $1.50 for a package weighing less than 4 oz, $2.50 for a package weighing 4 oz to less than 8 oz, and $3.50 for a package weighing 8 oz to 12 oz. Graph this function. Is it continuous? Explain. The greatest integer function returns the greatest integer LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO the input value. Greatest integer notation: f(x) = or = (or occasionally f(x) = [x]). Sometimes called “floor function” How can it be graphed on a calculator? Is this function continuous? A t-shirt company sells t-shirts for $8 apiece if five or fewer are sold, $6 apiece if 5-10 are purchased, or $5 apiece if more than 10 are purchased. Why is this considered to be a DISCRETE function? Sketch a graph. Graph piecewise function f shown below: 2 − 2 − 6 ≤ < −2 = −4 −2≤ <2 2 − 6 2≤<4 2 + 5 < 1 = 3 + 2 ≥ 1 Solve for k so that function f is continuous: 2 + 6 ≤ 2 = + 4 > 2 Solve for k so that f is continuous: −2 + 4 < 3 f(x)= + ≥ 3 Jose left the airport and traveled toward the mountains. Kayla left 2.1 hours later traveling 35 mi/hr faster in an effort to catch up to him. After 1.2 hours Kayla finally caught up. Find Jose’s average speed. Two cars 276 miles apart start to travel toward each other. They travel at rates differing by 5 mi/hr. If they meet after 6 hours, find the rate of each. A boat traveled 336 miles downstream and back. The trip downstream took 12 hours. The trip back took 14 hours. What is the speed of the boat in still water? What is the speed of the current? About how fast is the ball going after 1 sec? About how fast is it going at 3 sec? Are there multiple possible speeds? About how fast is it going at 8 seconds? The distance of a ball in feet above the ground, d, after t seconds is modeled by the equation = − 2 + 16 + 5. How high is the ball off the ground when it is first thrown? How might you estimate the instantaneous rate of change? The rate of change of a function at an INSTANT in time. Example: The speed on the speedometer of your car at a certain moment in time. Instantaneous rate of change is also the slope of the tangent line drawn to a point on a curve. In calculus, it is known as the DERIVATIVE! Evaluate, analyze, and graph piecewise functions Determine domain and range of a function using the graph Determine values that make piecewise functions continuous Solve distance = rate * time word problems Calculate average rate of change of a function from a table or function Estimate instantaneous rate of change of a function Evaluate values using the Greatest Integer Function Simple modular arithmetic problems Area under the curve (above the x-axis): Definite Integral In symbols: 6 0 Estimate the area under the curve between x = 0 and x = 3 using n = 3 trapezoids. =− +1 2 +4 3 − −1 0 2 + 4 Evaluate, analyze, and graph piecewise functions Write the equation of piecewise functions Determine domain and range of a function using the graph (or given a function such as = 2 + 4 Determine values that make piecewise functions continuous Evaluate Greatest Integer Function values Modular Arithmetic Solve distance = rate * time word problems (use chart setup!) Calculate average rate of change of a function from a table or function Estimate instantaneous rate of change of a function Estimate definite integrals by counting blocks on a graph (WATCH OUT FOR GRAPH SCALE!!) Calculate definite integrals by calculating areas (constant functions, linear functions, etc.) Estimate definite integrals (area under the curve) using the Trapezoidal Rule (may be given function OR a table of values – always best to draw a graph first!!) Determine units for rate problems (y unit divided by x unit!) Determine units for integral/area problems (x unit times y unit!)