ALCOHOL Chapter 15 Section 1

Report
Mr. Korn
Health
Grade 10
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Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in
the body.
Identify three major factors that influence
underage drinking.
Show respect to your classmates and teacher by
following all the classroom rules and
procedures.
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Complete warm-up on page 374
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Drug – is a chemical substance that is taken to
cause changes in a person’s body or behavior.
Depressant – is a drug that slows brain and
body reactions.
Fermentation – the process that creates alcohol,
in which microorganisms called yeast feed on
sugars
Zero-Tolerance Policy – a policy that enforces
strict consequences for underage drinking.
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Class Discussion
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Why is alcohol classified as a drug?
 It is a chemical substance that changes behavior.
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What type of effects does alcohol have on the body
and brain?
 A depressant effect
 Confusion
 Decreased alertness
 Poor coordination
 Blurred vision
 Drowsiness
To Calculate Alcohol Content:
Multiply drink volume by percent alcohol.
Example:
Wine – 5-oz wine x 0.10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of
wine
Beer – 12-oz x .04 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of beer
Liquor – 1.25-oz x .10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of
liquor
Beverages with greater percentage of alcohol, such as
whiskey, gin, and rum list their proof on the label.
100-proof vodka is 50% alcohol
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Discussion Question:
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Of the different kinds of drinks, Which drink causes
intoxication in the smallest amount?
 Liquor
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Math Question:
 How much alcohol is in an 18-oz of beer?
 18-oz x 0.04 = 0.72-oz of alcohol per ounce of beer
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Influence of Peers
How do your Peers/Classmates influence your decision
to drink? Negative and Positive
 Writing Assignment: Connect to your Life
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 How can you and your friends help each other avoid
alcohol?
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Influence of Family
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How can your family influence your decision to drink?
Negative and Positive
Influence of Media
Media Wise on page 376
 Journal Writing from Media Wise page 376
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Being injured or being in a motor vehicle crash
Committing or being the victim of sexual assault
or other violence.
Long-term brain damage
Problems with alcohol later in life
Suspension from school, sports teams, or other
school activities
Seizer of cars if in possession
Driver’s license taken away
Buying for a minor comes with penalties as well.
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Objectives:
Summarize the effects of intoxication on the
body systems.
List four factors that affect blood alcohol
concentration.
Identify three ways that intoxication may lead
to death.
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Intoxication – is the state in which a person’s mental and
physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another
substance.
Blackout – is a period of time that the drinker cannot recall.
Blood Alcohol Concentration – the amount of alcohol in a
person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.
Hangover – a term used to describe the after-effects of
drinking to much alcohol.
Driving while intoxicated – the charge given to a driver over
age 21 caught driving with a BAC of .08 or higher and under
21 with any BAC.
Overdose – the consequence of taking an excessive amount
of a drug that leads to a coma or death.
Binge drinking - the consumption of excessive amounts of
alcohol at one sitting.
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Effects on the body system:
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What happens when people drink alcohol faster than the
body can break it down?
 Intoxication
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Effects on Behavior:
Fighting
 Outgoing
 Blackout
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Writing assignment –
Think of a movie or book in which a character became
intoxicated. Describe the effects.
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Factors Affecting BAC:
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Rate of Consumption
Gender
Body Size
Amount of Food in the Stomach
After Drinking Ends:
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What happens to BAC when a person stops drinking?
 Decreases
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What is the term used for when a person starts to feel
normal after drinking?
 Sobering up or becoming sober
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Hangovers:
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Symptoms include nausea, upset stomach, headache, and
sensitivity to noise.
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Motor Vehicle Crashes:
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Overdose – AKA Alcohol Poison
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Driving Under the Influence
Zero-Tolerance Laws
Binge Drinking
Interactions With Other Drugs
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Some drugs react differently with alcohol
 Ex. Taking another depressant with alcohol will cause
drastic changes in the body.
 Slow breathing and heart rates.
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Objectives:
Identify five serious physical effects of longterm alcohol abuse.
Describe the three stages of alcoholism.
List in order three steps taken during recovery
from alcholism.
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Brian Damage
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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
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Blocks ability to break down fat
Heavy drinking causes the liver to fill with fat which blocks blood flow in liver.
Liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue called cirrhosis.
Heart Disease
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Heart defects, malformed faces, delayed growth, poor motor development, and mental
retardation.
Drinking while pregnant is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation.
Liver Damage
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Destroy nerve cells that can not grow back
Impaired memory
Ability to concentrate
Make sound judgments
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Causes increased blood pressure and heart
rate, irregular heartbeat and build up of fatty deposits around the heart
Digestive Problems
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Cancers of the mouth, tongue, and stomach
Recurring diarrhea
Chronic indigestion, heartburn or ulcers
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Changes to the Brian
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Tolerance
Dependence
Addiction
Who is at Risk?
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Anyone
4-5 times greater in children of alcoholics
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Stage 1 – Problem Drinking
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Stage 2 – Absolute Dependence
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Starts out as social drinker
Turns to drinking to relieve stress
Dependent on drug
Can’t stop after 1
Stage 3 – Late Stage of Alcoholism
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Lose mental, emotional, and physical health
Reverse tolerance
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Alcohol related crimes, medical expenses,
injuries, lost production at work and treatment
programs cost the US between 100 and 200
billion dollars per year.
Involved in about 150,000 deaths per year.
Verbal and Physical abuse to family.
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Acknowledging the Problem
Detoxification
Rehabilitation
Support Groups
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Objectives:
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Evaluate how refusal skills help you stick to your
decision not to drink
Identify two benefits of avoiding situations where
alcohol is present.
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Prepare for pressure
1. What are some reasons why you would not drink?
 2. How do you make sure you come across confident
in your decision?
 3. What situation will you find the most pressure?
 4. Why are your friends pressuring you to drink?
 5. Who else can help you stick to your decision?
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Stick to your decision
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Alternatives to Parties
Refusing Rides From Drinkers
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Get into a group of four (4). I will now read
you 5 questions. In your group discuss these
questions and come up with a final answer. I
will then call on a group to share their answer
with the class.
Go back to your desks and now work on
Chapter 15 Review. You will complete sections
1 and 2. Keep your work because you will
answer 3 and 4 on Friday. This will be handed
in as an assignment. For the critical thinking
questions write at least 1 paragraph.

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