Mr. Korn Health Grade 10 Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in the body. Identify three major factors that influence underage drinking. Show respect to your classmates and teacher by following all the classroom rules and procedures. Complete warm-up on page 374 Drug – is a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior. Depressant – is a drug that slows brain and body reactions. Fermentation – the process that creates alcohol, in which microorganisms called yeast feed on sugars Zero-Tolerance Policy – a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking. Class Discussion Why is alcohol classified as a drug? It is a chemical substance that changes behavior. What type of effects does alcohol have on the body and brain? A depressant effect Confusion Decreased alertness Poor coordination Blurred vision Drowsiness To Calculate Alcohol Content: Multiply drink volume by percent alcohol. Example: Wine – 5-oz wine x 0.10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of wine Beer – 12-oz x .04 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of beer Liquor – 1.25-oz x .10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of liquor Beverages with greater percentage of alcohol, such as whiskey, gin, and rum list their proof on the label. 100-proof vodka is 50% alcohol Discussion Question: Of the different kinds of drinks, Which drink causes intoxication in the smallest amount? Liquor Math Question: How much alcohol is in an 18-oz of beer? 18-oz x 0.04 = 0.72-oz of alcohol per ounce of beer Influence of Peers How do your Peers/Classmates influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive Writing Assignment: Connect to your Life How can you and your friends help each other avoid alcohol? Influence of Family How can your family influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive Influence of Media Media Wise on page 376 Journal Writing from Media Wise page 376 Being injured or being in a motor vehicle crash Committing or being the victim of sexual assault or other violence. Long-term brain damage Problems with alcohol later in life Suspension from school, sports teams, or other school activities Seizer of cars if in possession Driver’s license taken away Buying for a minor comes with penalties as well. Objectives: Summarize the effects of intoxication on the body systems. List four factors that affect blood alcohol concentration. Identify three ways that intoxication may lead to death. Intoxication – is the state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance. Blackout – is a period of time that the drinker cannot recall. Blood Alcohol Concentration – the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage. Hangover – a term used to describe the after-effects of drinking to much alcohol. Driving while intoxicated – the charge given to a driver over age 21 caught driving with a BAC of .08 or higher and under 21 with any BAC. Overdose – the consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to a coma or death. Binge drinking - the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol at one sitting. Effects on the body system: What happens when people drink alcohol faster than the body can break it down? Intoxication Effects on Behavior: Fighting Outgoing Blackout Writing assignment – Think of a movie or book in which a character became intoxicated. Describe the effects. Factors Affecting BAC: Rate of Consumption Gender Body Size Amount of Food in the Stomach After Drinking Ends: What happens to BAC when a person stops drinking? Decreases What is the term used for when a person starts to feel normal after drinking? Sobering up or becoming sober Hangovers: Symptoms include nausea, upset stomach, headache, and sensitivity to noise. Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overdose – AKA Alcohol Poison Driving Under the Influence Zero-Tolerance Laws Binge Drinking Interactions With Other Drugs Some drugs react differently with alcohol Ex. Taking another depressant with alcohol will cause drastic changes in the body. Slow breathing and heart rates. Objectives: Identify five serious physical effects of longterm alcohol abuse. Describe the three stages of alcoholism. List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcholism. Brian Damage Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Blocks ability to break down fat Heavy drinking causes the liver to fill with fat which blocks blood flow in liver. Liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue called cirrhosis. Heart Disease Heart defects, malformed faces, delayed growth, poor motor development, and mental retardation. Drinking while pregnant is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation. Liver Damage Destroy nerve cells that can not grow back Impaired memory Ability to concentrate Make sound judgments Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Causes increased blood pressure and heart rate, irregular heartbeat and build up of fatty deposits around the heart Digestive Problems Cancers of the mouth, tongue, and stomach Recurring diarrhea Chronic indigestion, heartburn or ulcers Changes to the Brian Tolerance Dependence Addiction Who is at Risk? Anyone 4-5 times greater in children of alcoholics Stage 1 – Problem Drinking Stage 2 – Absolute Dependence Starts out as social drinker Turns to drinking to relieve stress Dependent on drug Can’t stop after 1 Stage 3 – Late Stage of Alcoholism Lose mental, emotional, and physical health Reverse tolerance Alcohol related crimes, medical expenses, injuries, lost production at work and treatment programs cost the US between 100 and 200 billion dollars per year. Involved in about 150,000 deaths per year. Verbal and Physical abuse to family. Acknowledging the Problem Detoxification Rehabilitation Support Groups Objectives: Evaluate how refusal skills help you stick to your decision not to drink Identify two benefits of avoiding situations where alcohol is present. Prepare for pressure 1. What are some reasons why you would not drink? 2. How do you make sure you come across confident in your decision? 3. What situation will you find the most pressure? 4. Why are your friends pressuring you to drink? 5. Who else can help you stick to your decision? Stick to your decision Alternatives to Parties Refusing Rides From Drinkers Get into a group of four (4). I will now read you 5 questions. In your group discuss these questions and come up with a final answer. I will then call on a group to share their answer with the class. Go back to your desks and now work on Chapter 15 Review. You will complete sections 1 and 2. Keep your work because you will answer 3 and 4 on Friday. This will be handed in as an assignment. For the critical thinking questions write at least 1 paragraph.