THE FINANCIAL PROBLEM AMONG UMP STUDENTS Group Members Mohd Khairun Najmi B. Md Said Mohamad Zulhelmi B. Man Izzat Hafifi B. Ahmad Ariza WHY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SO IMPORTANT Background Financial management is about how we manage our money. Problems of financial management Students are one of the communities affected by this problem Conduct this research in Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Research Objectives To determine whether FSKKP’s students plan their finances for each semester. To identify the main causes of financial problem among FSKKP’s students. To compare financial management strategies between male and female students. Research Questions How do the FSKKP students manage their finances? What are the causes of financial problem among FSKKP students? What is different between male and female students in manage their finances? How do the FSKKP students manage their finances? Finance Management Tendencies Financial Budgets Attitude What are the causes of financial problem among FSKKP students? The Influences of Family Members Failed To Manage Their Financial Properly Female or Male Financial Planning Debts Management Conclusion Student should know about financial knowledge Make a good planning in manage money Try to manage finance INTRODUCTION…. What you can conclude from this picture about financial problem? PRESENTATION OUTLINE: Introduction Setting Instrument Procedure Data analysis conclusion SETTING…. The distributions of questionnaire are as follow: COURSE MALE FEMALE TOTAL COLLECT BCN 15 15 30 27 BCS 15 15 30 23 BCG 15 15 30 27 DCS 10 10 20 18 TOTAL = 110 INSTRUMENT… questionnaire dichotomous questions multiple-choice questions scale questions PROCEDURE… Know our RQ Find questionnaire Approve Sent out questionnaire Collect the questionnaire Complete and go to next step DATA ANALYSIS… Determine variable and respondents Show in graph Transfer in Microsoft Excel CONCLUSION… Manage their finance properly We can see how many respondents: main causes of financial problem comparison between female and male’s Introduction Presentation Outline 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Introduction Findings and discussion for RQ 2 Findings and discussion for RQ 3 Conclusion (RQ 1, RQ 2, RQ 3) Recommendation Presentation Conclude FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION (RQ 2) Main Causes of Financial Problem YES Student that Face Financial Problem NO Main Causes of Financial Problem Discussion College students have many causes of financial problem (Mohd Fazli et. al, 2008 ) Main Causes of Financial Problem 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 YES 10 NO 5 0 Study Unnecessary Unexpected No Help Family Lend Money Living Cost Failed Get Materials things Problems Experience Scolarship Causes of Student Financial Problems Debt to Friends Main Causes of Financial Problem Discussion - The problem mean scores were as follows: uncertain about where money is spent (2.58), buying unnecessary things (2.36), lend money to friends (2.27), and skip meals to save money (2.17). (Mohd Fazli et. al, 2008 ) FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION (RQ 3) Gender Comparison in Financial Management 35 30 25 20 Male Female 15 10 5 0 Not Sure At All Not Too Sure Somewhat Sure Very Sure Rate Feeling among The Students in Managing Their Financial Gender Comparison in Financial Management Discussion - Women generally have less enthusiasm for, lower confidence in, and less willingness to learn about personal finance topics than men do. (Chen andVolpe, 2002) Gender Comparison in Financial Management 50 45 40 35 30 Yes 25 No 20 15 10 5 0 Male Female Record Monthly Expenses Gender Comparison in Financial Management Discussion - …compared to male students, female students were more likely to have a written budget, plan their spending, keep bills and receipts and save regularly. (Hay hoe et al. , 2000). CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Conclusion Students Financial Planning (RQ 1) - Student do not follow their financial planning. Main Causes in Financial Problem (RQ 2) - Majority of FSKKP students have financial problem with several causes that more familiar such as buying studies materials, buying unnecessary things and the high cost of living. Conclusion Gender Comparison in Financial Management (RQ 3) - The level of confidence with themselves for male students are higher than female students in manage their finances. However, female students are better than male students in keep financial records or plan their finances. Recommendation Universities or college need to provide basic financial management knowledge and skills before graduates enter the job market which can be beneficial for them so they will be enable to manage their income effectively and efficiently. As a Conclusion Majority of FSKKP’s students have financial problem and did not follow their financial planning. Male student are more confident in manage their financial. Female students are better in plan their budget.