The Israeli War Machine & Arms Industry Needs Continuous Conflict: Non-Violent Resistance and BDS as Counterpunch Professor Colin Green Emeritus Professor of Surgery, UCL UNESCO Chair in Cryobiology Academician, Ukraine Academy of Sciences Questions to Answer • How on earth does Israel get away with it? • Why does the international community and UN allow Israel to blockade and besiege Gaza for 7 years with absolute impunity? • Why is Israel allowed to commit piracy in international waters to prevent merchant ships reaching Gaza? • Why does Israel need such a huge war machine? Amputation cases - Beit Hamin village, Gaza. Unconventional Weapons Trialled in the Gaza Assaults • • • • • • • • White phosphorus shells Flechette shells Keshet mortar bombs Kalanit shells Small diameter bombs Depleted uranium tipped shells Dense inert metal explosives (DIMES) (?) Thermobaric weapons(?) Israeli Demographics and Defence Budgets Population total 7,800,000 comprising: • Jewish ancestry 5,920,000 • Palestinian ancestry 1,760,000 • Druze • Migrant workers Economy • GDP (2013 estimate) US$256 billion (per capita US$33,000) • Defence Budget US$17 billion (estimated as 7% of total GDP) • Military Aid US$ 3.1 billion (USA) Israeli War Machine • Israel ranked the world’s 13th strongest military power (not including nuclear capability) GlobalFirepower Index (2013). “Most militarized nation in the world” (GMI 2012; 6th year running) • Percentage of Israeli GDP Spent on the military: 7% in 2013 (average of 8% between 2002-2012); (by contrast: US 4.5%, UK 2.5%) SIPRI 2013 • Military budget of $17 billion (2013) SIPRI 15.1% of overall budget Israeli War Machine • • • • • • • • • • WMDs: 240-300 nuclear warheads; chemical; biological (Klingberg) Ballistic missiles (Jericho 1,2) Combat naval surface vessels: 58 Submarines (Dolphin Class): 3 at sea, 3 to be delivered by 2015 Main battle tanks (Merkavas): 2,442 active or in store Armoured personnel carriers: 1,265 active Artillery (self -propelled guns, mortars, multiple rocket launchers): 2,754 active or stored Combat aircraft and helicopters (F15, F16, F35A; Cobra, Apache, Sea Stallion): 620 active Missile systems: SAM, Iron Dome, Patriot, Hellfire, Walleye, Sidewinder, Popeye1/2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs or ‘drones’): Hermes450/900, Heron Israeli Army Personnel: 26,000 regulars; 107,000 conscripts (total 133,000) plus 400,000 reserves Equipment: • Main Battle Tanks (Merkavas): 480 active; 1,962 in store (total 2,442) • Armoured Personnel Carriers: 1,265 active • Artillery: – 155mm self-propelled, 250 active (300 in store); towed, 406 (all in store) – 227mm multiple rocket launchers, 30 – 81mm mortars, 250 active (1,768 in store) • Air Defence Batteries SAM missiles • Anti Tank missiles Israeli Navy Personnel: 7,000 regulars and 2,500 conscripts Surface Combat Ships: • Corvettes 3 (Eilat) • Patrol Craft( Missiles) 19 (8 x Hetz, 2 x Reshef, 9 x Super Dvora) • PBF 18 (5xShaldag, 3xStingray, 10xSuper Dvora) • PBT 15 (Dabur) • Landing Craft Tanks 3 Submarines: • Dolphin Class • Dolphin Class 3 (on active service at sea) 3 (under construction and due delivery by 2014/15) Total Fleet: 64 Israeli Air Force (1) Personnel: 34,000 Combat Aircraft: (Total 456) • A-4N Skyhawk • F-15A/C Eagle • F-15l Ra’am • F-16A/C Fighting Falcon • F-16l Sufa • F-35A (priority delivery from US) Combat Helicopters: (Total 174) • AH-1E/F Cobra • AH-64A/D Apache • AS 565 • CH-53 Sea Stallion • S-70A/UH-60A Black Hawk 102 42 25 161 101 25 43 47 5 29 50 Israeli Air Force (2) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs or drones): (Total not known) • Heavy: Hermes 450; Hermes900; Heron (Shoval); Heron TP (Eitan); RQ-5A Hunter • Medium: Searcher Mk2 • Light: Harpy Air Defence: • Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) • Iron Dome • Patriot • Anti Aircraft Guns (920) Missile Systems: • Air to Surface: Hellfire, Walleye, Popeye1/2, DelilahAL, Maverick • Air to Air: Sidewinder, Python 4, Python 5 • Active Radar Homing: Derby Israel and the Global Pacification Industry The Global Pacification System: Liberal Capitalism’s Need to Pacify Enforcing Hegemony: The Three Hegemonic “Tasks” 1) Maintaining Hegemony over the World System 2) Maintaining Hegemony over the Peripheries 3) Maintaining Ruling Class Hegemony over the Core “Challenges” to Hegemonic Rule and MISSILE Responses (Conventional Warfare; Warfare Amongst the People; Securocratic Control) Security Politics: Serving the Hegemons By Globalizing Palestine Israel’s Four “Niches” of Pacification 1) High-tech weaponry and components, force protection and security services 2) Weapons of suppression, militarized security and police 3) Matrix of Control 4) Framing Case Studies in Security Politics (US/NATO, Sri Lanka, Equatorial Guinea, Brazil/favelas, Core MISSILE complex, Lawfare) Global Pacification Systems Need to maintain hegemony “Challenges” to hegemony MISSILE responses Law Enforcement Military Internal Security Intelligence Surveillance Israel and the Global Matrix of Control The Israeli Arms & Security Industry • Arms exports: $8 billion (2013); Ranked 6th by Janes; 10th by SIPRI /(Israel exports 75% of arms produced; Israel produces 18,000 “defense” commodities; issues 30,000 marketing licenses to 190 countries/end-users) • 25% exports are aerial defense systems/missiles; 14% radar systems; 10% naval systems; 3% UAVs (IDECA) • Focus on India, China, Poland, South Korea, Australia, Thailand, US, Columbia, Brazil & Chile; Azerbaijan & Vietnam growing • Israel the 10th largest supplier of major conventional weapons (23% to South Asia; 19% to ME; 18% to Europe; 18% to LA; 9% to SE Asia; 4% to Africa) (SIPRI 2013) • More than 1,000 companies dealing with arms in Israel; 6,784 people deal in arms; 300 homeland security companies • 3 Israeli arms companies in SIPRI Top 100 (Elbit (#34): sales $2.68 billion in 2011; IAI (#41): sales $2.5 billion; Rafael (#51): sales $1.9 billion) Israel & Global Pacification Israel’s Four “Niches” Niche 1: Specialized areas of conventional warfare: high-tech weapon systems & components; force protection & logistics support services; upgrades for aircraft and other systems Niche 2: Surveillance/monitoring of movement; intelligence gathering; weapons of suppression & securocratic control: drones, sensors for automatic weapons, police weaponry Niche 3: A model of permanent pacification a Global Matrix of Control Niche 4: Framing Niche 1 Shavit Satellite Launcher ISTAR capabilities: intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance The Jericho III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) entered into active service prior to 2008. Capable of carrying a payload of 1,000 to 1,300 kg – or a single 750 kg nuclear warhead. Estimated range: 4,800 to 11,500 km (2,982 to 7,180 miles), significantly greater if fitted with a smaller payload (like one of Israel’s smaller nuclear warheads). That gives Israel a nuclear strike capability covering the entire Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and almost all parts of North America, as well as within large parts of South America and Oceania. Jericho III’s extremely high impact speed enables it to avoid ballistic missile defenses. Jericho III ICBMs more likely to be used on an attack on Iran than traditional bombing. The Gabriel Series of sea-skimming anti-ship missiles RAFAEL’S POPEYE air-to-surface standoff cruise missile, with nuclear capability, deployed against such high-value targets as power plants, bridges, bunkers and missile sites. Popeye Turbo SLCM type, with a range of 1,500 kilometers (940 miles), could reach Iran with a warhead weighing up to 200 kilograms (440 pounds). Rafael’s LITENING Airborne Targeting Pod Electro-optically (EO) guided weapon for all-weather, day and night precision strike capability increasing combat effectiveness for a wide variety of aircraft Rafael’s SPIKE MISSILE SYSTEM: “the most suitable system for both the traditional battlefield and modern urban warfare.” Electro-optically guided Spike missiles penetrate, disable or destroy armored vehicles: tanks, armored personnel carriers or ships. Can be carried and launched by a single infantryman or mounted on helicopters, naval vessels or combat vehicle. “TROPHY” RAFAEL’S ACTIVE ARMORED VEHICLE PROTECTION SYSTEM BATTLESPACE: “CHICAGO” IN THE NEGEV GNR, NBIC & NCW GNR (genetics, nanotechnology, robotics) NBIC = convergence of • Nanotechnology • Biotechnology • Cognitive Science • Information Technology NCW (Network-Centric Warfare) An information superiority-enabled concept of operations that generates increased combat power by networking sensors, decision makers and shooters to achieve shared awareness, increased speed of command, higher tempo of operations, greater lethality, increased survivability and a degree of self-synchronization. Elbit’s Hermes 450 Drone Niche 2 • Weapons of suppression & securocratic control: drones, sensors for automatic weapons, police weaponry MICRO-AIR VEHICLES (MAVs) An Israeli Butterfly Weapon THE IDF’S GUARDIUM UGV (Autonomous Unmanned Ground System “The World’s First Robot Soldier” RAFAEL’S SENTRY-TECH REMOTE WEAPONS STATION “Spy-and-Shoot” CornerShot, for SWAT Teams VIPeR (Versatile, Intelligent, Portable Robot) Niche 3: The Matrix of Control • Military Dimension: – Limited Military and Counterinsurgency/Counterterrorism Operations • Security Dimension: – Ongoing Internal Security Operations and Militarized Policing • Administrative Dimension: – Military Orders, Bureaucracy, Partisan Planning and Law • Physical Dimension: – Doctrines, “Facts” and Strategic Nodes “On the Ground” • Economic Dimension – Israeli Control, Palestinian Dependence and International Support • “Marketing” Dimension: – Framing and Spin Niche 4: Framing • Lawfare • Media Control • Public Relations • Propaganda Questions to Answer • Were the attacks on Gaza in 2008 and 2012 carefully planned for sinister reasons? • Could the siege and attacks really be about: – testing of new weapons and missile defence systems – control of warehoused populations – control of immense natural gas resources in the Eastern Mediterranean? • Can non-violent resistance and BDS be effective against such a huge war machine? Rogue States: The Premier League The commonly accepted definition of a rogue state is: One which totally ignores all international law and mores; holds and threatens to use weapons of mass destruction; and conducts on a frequent and routine basis state terrorism….the use of violence against civilian populations to achieve political ends. If you add in apartheid, ethnic cleansing, politicide, dispossession of an indigenous people, piracy, long term military occupation, frequent military attacks on neighbouring states, siege and paralysis of the UN through its proxy vote in the Security Council…..who would you place top of the league table out of: North Korea, Iran, Iraq (Bush’s Axis of Evil) or USA, UK, Israel ?