Neanderthals By Eli, Will, Cole, Faith and Amy Introduction • Are you ready to learn about the most interesting things in the whole, wide world? Well, buckle your seat belts and enjoy the ride. Today, we will talk about how the Neanderthals lived, what they ate, and what their daily lives were like. Hunting Animals Neanderthals hunted deer, mammoth, reindeer, rhinoceroses, and horses. (1) Discoveries Scientists discovered skulls and other body parts in most caves, so Neanderthals probably lived in caves.(2) Tools Neanderthals’ tools were spears, axes, clubs, and stones.(3) Fire Neanderthals gathered around the fire to keep warm. They used flint and hit rocks together to make the sparks to start a fire. (4) Weapons Neanderthals used their weapons to kill their food. They used spears and clubs. (5) Paintings Some scientists believe that Neanderthals crawled in caves and drew all the events that happened in their life and many animals. Other scientists believe cave paintings were only made by CroMagnons. Still other scientists believe that cave paintings were made by a species that was of mixed Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon race. (6) Daily Life The Neanderthals made tools, hunted, gathered nuts and berries, made clothing, and made shelters. (7) Shelters Neanderthals lived in most caves and made houses out of branches and twigs from the nearest trees. (8) Appearance Neanderthals were short, hairy, had short limbs, long thighs, large muscles, and they were five feet and two inches, and they weighed 145 pounds. (9) Religion and Dates Neanderthals believed in the power of harsh nights, and the Neanderthals lived 200,000 years ago. (10) Language The Neanderthals language was grunts because they didn’t have vocal chords. (11) Clothing Neanderthals wore deer hide and wooly mammoth fur. (12) Three Questions • Of what were the Neanderthals’ shelters made? • What kind of tools and weapons did the Neanderthals have or make? • What kind of animals did the Neanderthals hunt? Answers to Questions • The Neanderthals’ shelters were made of twigs and branches from the nearest trees. • The Neanderthals’ weapons were spears and clubs. The Neanderthals’ tools were axes and rocks. • The Neanderthals hunted deer, mammoth, reindeer, horses, and rhinoceroses. Conclusion • Now, you can finally unbuckle your seat belts. We hope your brain is filled with facts about Neanderthals. Can you even imagine sleeping in the cold instead of being nestled up in your bed? Can you even imagine not being able to talk because you didn’t have vocal chords? Wasn’t that an amazing adventure? We loved learning about the Neanderthals! Endnotes 1. Ancient Civilizations, Two Penn Plaza, New York, New York 10121: Macmillian/McGraw-Hill, 2007, pp. 78-91. 2.Fiorenzo Facchini, A Day With Neanderthal Man, Brookfield, Connecticut: Alessandro Baldanzi, 2003, pp 18-20. 3. Ancient Civilizations, pp.78-91. 4. Ibid. 5. Ibid. 6. Facchini, A Day With Neanderthal Man, pp.20-24. 7. Ibid. 8. Ibid. 9. Ancient Civilizations, pp.78-91. 10. Ibid. 11. Ibid. 12. Ibid. Image Credit • • • • • www. justfoodnow.com/ www.dsc.discovery.com/ www.sciencedaily.com/ Rokus01.wordpress.com/ Newscientist.com/ Works Cited Ancient Civilizations. Macmillan/McGraw Hill, New York, New York, 2007. Fiorenzo Facchini. A Day With Neanderthal Man. Brookfield, Connecticut, 2003. Thank You For Watching! We hope you liked our awesome video that is about our peers from the past, theNeanderthals.