Complex Structures

Report
Worksheet 7
Complex Structures
1.The following sentences all contain conjoined
categories. Draw a tree structure for each of
the sentences.
a)Crusoe landed on an island and ate a goat.
b)The dog went down the stairs and out the door.
c)Mary is keen on calculus but tired of chemistry.
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S
a)
NP
Infl
VP
Pst
VP
PP
VP
NP
N
Crusoe
V
P
landed on
Det N
an
island
NP
Conj
and
V
ate
Det N
a
goat
3
S
b)
NP
VP
Infl
PP
Pst
PP
PP
NP
Det
N
The
dog
V
P
Det N
went down the
stairs
NP
Conj
and
P
Det N
out the
door
4
S
f)
NP
AP
AP
AP
PP
PP
NP
N
Infl
Mary
is
A
P
N
NP
Conj
keen on calculus but
A
P
N
tired of chemistry
2. The following sentences all contain embedded
clauses that function as complements of a verb,
noun, adjective or a preposition. Draw a tree
structure for each sentence.
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a) The reporter said that an accident injured a boy.
b) The police appeared happy that the criminal would
surrender.
c) Anna wondered about whether the exam would
cover that section.
d) The jury will never believe the claim that the
driver wrecked the Porsche.
e) Hilary knows that spring will come and that the
snow will melt.
f) Barbara reported that a student asked whether
the eclipse would occur.
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a)
S
VP
NP
Infl
CP
Pst
S
NP
Det
N
V
C
Det
The
reporter
said
that
an
Infl
N
Pst
VP
NP
V
accident injured
Det N
a
boy
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b)
S
VP
NP
AP
Infl
CP
Pst
S
VP
NP
Det
N
The
police
V
A
C
Det
N
Infl
V
appeared happy that the criminal would surrender
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c)
S
VP
NP
PP
Infl
CP
Pst
S
VP
NP
NP
N
Anna
V
P
C
Det
N
Infl
V
Det
N
wondered about whether the exam would cover that section
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d)
S
NP
VP
NP
CP
S
VP
NP
Det N Infl Qual
V
Det
N
C
Det
Infl
N
Pst
NP
V
Det
N
The jury will never believe the claim that the driver wrecked the Porsche
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S
e)
VP
NP
Infl
CP
non-Pst
CP
CP
S
S
VP
NP
N
Hilary
V
C
N
Infl
V
NP
Conj C
Det
VP
N Infl V
knows that spring will come and that the snow will melt
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f)
S
VP
NP
CP
Infl
S
Pst
VP
NP
CP
Infl
S
Pst
VP
NP
N
V
C Det N
V
C
Det
N
Infl
V
Barbara reported that a student asked whether the eclipse would occur
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Thank You!
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