Acknowledgements

Report
Hydro Nation Scholarship
Can Low Cost Biosorbent Technology be used to
Efficiently Remove Steroid Hormones and
Pharmaceutical Residues from Wastewater Effluents?
Yuan Li
The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, UK; The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen AB10 7JG, UK;
Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Email: yuan.li19890228@hotmail.com
INTRODUCTION
METHODS
The adverse effects of
EDCs & pharmaceuticals
• Environmental persistence of endocrine
disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and other
pharmaceutical residues in water bodies has
garnered global attention due to their
possible disruptive effects.
• Even at nanogram levels these
compounds might increase the risk of cancer,
decrease egg and sperm production, reduce
gamete quality and elicit negative effects on
progeny.
E-SCREEN cell proliferation bioassay
to determine toxicity properties and assess removing effectiveness
• Derivatisation GC-MS &LC-MS.
to establish a suitably rapid measuring method for target
chemicals
• Sorbent characterisation& kinetics &mechanisms
• Optimised biosorbent treatment experiments for real
wastewater effluents
•
Assessment of current treatment processes
Treatment
process
Coagulation
(iron or
aluminium salts)
Advantages
no EDCs
removal
Disadvantages
RESULTS
expensive
expensive &
Filtration
relatively high
require a
processes (UF, MF,
significant
EDCs removal
NF),
maintenance.
release many
by-products
Advanced
a high removal
,which
estrogenic
oxidation
of recalcitrant
processes
compounds activities could
be higher than
their precursors.
(adsorption& biodegradation
Membrane
processes)
bioreactor
a good compromise
• Therefore, the low cost biosorbent
materials with little processing, which
not only sorb organic pollutants but
also form a platform for enhancing
microbial
degradation
of
the
pollutant would be more applicable
for the removal of EDCs and other
pharmaceutical residues, particularly
in smaller wastewater treatment
systems in rural or semi-rural areas
with relatively low effluent flows.
•
•
•
•
Simple/rapid methods developed for EDCs determination at
both sorption modelling level (µg/L) and environmental
concentrations (ng/L).
Sorption kinetics and mechanisms of biosorbents for EDCs under
controlled (batch and continual flow) conditions.
Toxicity/oestrogenic properties of any by-products from the
treatment process determined by the E-SCREEN bioassay (MCF7BOS Cell proliferation assay).
Optimised treatment system for effective removal of EDCs from
wastewater outflow.
Low cost Biosorbents
References
Acknowledgements
Special thanks go to sponsor-The Hydro Nation Scholars Programme
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