Akamai Light PP Template

Report
Module 10 - ESD Best Practices
Objectives
After completing this module, you will be able to apply best practices
for using the following:
• HTTP content delivery
• NetStorage
• Download Manager
• Large File Optimization
• Authentication
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for HTTP Content
Delivery
To maximize origin offload and improve performance, follow
these best practices:
• Use NetStorage to store large files.
• Increase the cacheability of site objects and pages.
• When refreshing content using the CCU invalidate the content
instead of purging it.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for HTTP Content
Delivery (Cont…)
Other best practices:
•
Optimize the number of DNS entries on a page.
•
Use separate hostnames based on protocol.
•
Compress text based content.
•
Enable persistent connections.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Security Related Best Practices for
Using NetStorage
To improve security:
• Akamai strongly recommends that you use SSH based
access.
• Consider restricting IP access to your account to a set of specific
IPs.
• Consider restricting user access to only certain NetStorage
directories or files that are relevant to those users.
o If required, provide read-only access to users based on their
user names.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using NetStorage
•
Use appropriate file paths. Be aware of the following restrictions:
• Path components cannot begin with a period.
• Path characters must be in 8-bit characters 32-255, inclusive.
• Total path length must be 800 characters or less
• Individual path components must be 200 characters or less
•
Use appropriate directory structures:
• Ideal directory structure is about two to three levels deep with
each directory containing no more than 2000 files.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using NetStorage
(Cont…)
•
Be aware of the specific MIME types and extensions that
NetStorage is configured to support.
•
If your origin uses case insensitive environments, use the Force
Case feature on Akamai EdgeControl.
•
Avoid multiple simultaneous logins to your NetStorage account.
•
To simplify account management, avoid creating numerous
accounts.
•
When using NetStorage to post UGC, consider using Akamai edge
servers to dynamically create the directory structure and
distribute content across multiple directories.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Using Multiple CP Codes for Reporting
Akamai recommends using multiple CP codes in the following
scenarios:
• When you want to run reports for specific products or hostnames.
• When you want to evaluate download completion rates with and
without Akamai DLM. Use four CP codes:
• All traffic for DLM binary, DLM HTML, and Head requests
• All requests from user agent 'Akamai DLM’
• All requests from user agent 'Akamai DLM’ and not range
requests
• All GET requests from user agents other than Akamai DLM
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Using Multiple CP Codes for Reporting
(Cont…)
Akamai recommends using multiple CP codes in the following
scenarios:
• When you want to track traffic by paid downloads and free
downloads, that is, with or without authentication.
• For tracking information by region when you are using EdgeScape.
• This can help you evaluate factors such as origin offload and
download completion rates by region or country.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using DLM
•
Configure DLM such that the download launches in a pop-up
window.
•
If you are using DLM 2.0, configure it such that the download
must be initiated manually by end users.
•
Provide a link as a backup to download files directly, as primary
download through DLM may fail.
•
If your HTML that contains DLM 3.0 leverages HTTPS, implement
DLM 3.0 as a pop-up that does not use HTTPS.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using LFO
•
Large files on your origin should be identifiable separately
from small files.
•
With LFO enabled, do not update large files in place on the
origin – always rename files that you update and publish a new
URL.
•
If your download customers use IE, enable the MSIE Work
Around option in Configuration Manager.
•
Akamai strongly recommends using NetStorage as origin for
LFO.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using Authentication
When to Use Remote Authentication?
•
When your site uses single sign on.
•
If you have high security and/or audit requirements – since
tokens can be revoked.
Caveats:
•
If you are delivering large files or using DLM, there will be
increased load on your authenticating origin.
•
As each range request must be authenticated there may be
download delays.
Possible Solution:
•
Authenticate only a part of the file.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai
Best Practices for Using Authentication
(Cont…)
•
Authentication tokens can be shared within their expiration time
window.
•
You can use IP addresses while creating the hash for the
token – not generally recommended as IPs can change.
•
URL-based tokens are much easier to share. Where possible, use
cookie based tokens.
•
Using short expiration windows will not work with large files or
with DLM.
•
To overcome this, authenticate only a limited number of range
requests.
Powering a Better Internet
© 2011 Akamai

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