Radio Frequency Engineering Introduction Stepan

Report
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Radio Frequency Engineering
Presented by
Stepan Lucyszyn
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Imperial College London
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
OVERVIEW
 Imperial College London
 Optical and Semiconductor Devices Group
 Lecture Course Rational and Contents
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
West End and City of London
Hyde Park
Royal Albert Hall
Imperial College Union
Department of Electrical and
Electronic Engineering
Prince’s Gardens
Accommodation and sports centre
Imperial College library
Science museum
Victoria and Albert museum
Natural History museum
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
14 Nobel Prize Winners Associated
with Imperial College
Denis
Gabor:
Holography
Alexander
Fleming:
Penicillin
Denis
Gabor:
Holography
Rodney
Porter:
Stucture of
Antibodies
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Andrew
Huxley:
Nerve
Impulses
Abdus
Salam:
Theoretical
Physics
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Some of the Past Scientists
George Finch (1888-1970) developed breathing apparatus to be
used at high altitudes, testing his designs personally. In 1922 he
reached 27,300 feet on Everest, higher than any human had
previously climbed
Henry Tizard (1885-1959) contributed to the development of the
radar, which he supervised and championed as chairman of the
Aeronautical Research Committee in the run-up to WWII
Eric Laithwaite (1921-1997) developed magnetically-levitated
(maglev) high-speed trains
David Potter (1943-) joined Imperial in 1970 as a lecturer in physics.
He went on to form the IT company PSION that launched its first
volume-produced handheld computer in 1984
William Hamilton (1936-2000) was one of the greatest evolutionary
theorists of the twentieth century. His work provided the basis for a
gene-centric view of evolution
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Some of Today’s Scientists
•
John Burland prevented the Leaning Tower of Pisa from
toppling over
•
Magdi Yacoub is one of the pioneers of heart surgery. He
helped to develop the techniques of heart and heart-lung
transplantation
•
Donal Bradley developed polymer light emitting diodes today
translated into lightweight, low-power displays for products such
as mobile phones
•
Julia Higgins is known both for her research on the behaviour
of complex materials and her work to promote the participation
of women in science, engineering and technology
•
Ravinder Maini and Marc Feldmann have researched
extensively on rheumatoid arthritis and made major
breakthroughs in its treatment
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Pioneers in EEE Department
Aryton and Perry - designers of the permanent
magnet ammeter in 1883
Hertha Aryton - first woman member of the IEE (now IET)
Developed the Aryton Flapper Fan which was use to clear trenches of
poison gas in the First World War
Alec Harley Reeves CBE - invented pulse-code modulation in 1937
Denis Gabor – invented holography. Nobel prize winner.
Eric Laithwaite - linear motors and magnetic levitation (Maglev).
Shanghai Maglev Train (SMT) is the fastest commercial train in the world,
431 km/h (268 mph). See the SCMaglev and Railway Park in Nagoya, Japan!
Q’s decapitating tea tray in the James Bond film ‘The Spy Who Loved Me’
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Professor Sir John Pendry
Department of Physics
Star Trek’s
Romulan War Bird
Cloaking Device
Harry Potter’s
Invisibility Cloak
Duke University, 2006
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Professor Stefan Maier
Department of Physics
Centre for Plasmonics and Metamaterials
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/plasmonmeta
Department of Physics
Professor John Pendry, THz metamaterials
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/j.pendry
Professor Stefan Maier, THz Plasmonics
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/s.maier
Department of Materials
Professor Norber Klein, THz Material Characterization
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/n.klein
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Professor Richard R. A. Syms
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Optical & Semiconductor
Devices Group (OSDG)
Members of the OSD Group
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
One of 5 groups in EEE
Founded 1980
~ 40 Members
8 Academic staff
4 Visiting Professors
~ 15 Research fellows
~ 15 PhD students
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
OSD Group Facilities
•
•
•
•
1 CAD lab
1 general clean room
1 nanotechnology Lab
1 chemistry lab
• 1 laser lab
• 1optics lab
• 1 packaging lab
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
• Design
– Cadence, Mentor, ANSYS
– HFSS, CST, Microwave Studio
• Fabrication
– Implantation, diffusion
– Oxidation, Metallisation
– Electroplating
– S/S & D/S lithography
– RIE & DRIE; KOH
• Test
– Surface analysis, SEM
– Electronics, optics, mechanics
– 10 MHz to 110 GHz RFOW
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Agilent N5250A Performance Network Analyser (PNA) for Single-Sweep 10 MHz to 110 GHz
On-Wafer RF Measurements (the device under test is a 2 GHz RF MEMS power switch)
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Metamaterials Research with OSD Group
Professor Richard R. A. Syms
Head of the OSD Group
Magneto-inductive waveguides, Parametric amplification,
Near-field imaging devices, Devices for magnetic resonance imaging,
Plasmonics, THz amplifiers
2 Book:
Practical Volume Holography, Oxford University Press, 1990
Optical Guided Waves and Devices, McGraw-Hill Companies,1992
Associate Editor for the IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Associate Editor for Metamaterials
Dr Ekaterina Shamonina
Waves in Metamaterials , Oxford University Press, 2009
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
THz Research within OSD Group
Dr Ekaterina Shamonina, together with one of our research fellows Dr Oleksiy Sydoruk, have publishing
(with Professor Laszlo Solymar at Oxford) the following 2010 papers:
1. Sydoruk O., Syms R.R.A., Solymar L. “Plasma oscillations and terahertz instability in field-effect
transistors with Corbino geometry・Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 263504 (2010)
2. Tatartschuk E., Radkovskaya A., Shamonina E., Solymar L. “Generalized Brillouin diagrams for
evanescent waves in metamaterials with interelement coupling・Phys. Rev. B 81, 115110 (2010)
3. Sydoruk O., Savenkov S. N. "White polarization sandwiches: optical elements with non-orthogonal
polarizations" J. Opt 12, 035702. 1-5 (2010)
4. Sydoruk O., Shamonina E., Solymar L. "Solid-state traveling-wave amplifiers and oscillators in the THz
range: effect of electron collisions" Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 233・40 (2010)
5. Sydoruk O., Kalinin V., Solymar L. "Terahertz instability of optical phonons interacting with plasmons in
two-dimensional electron channels" Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 062107 (2010)
6. Sydoruk O., Shamonina E., Kalinin V., Solymar L. "Terahertz instability of surface optical-phonon
polaritons that interact with surface plasmon polaritons in the presence of electron drift" Phys. Plasmas 17,
102103 (2010)
7. Radkovskaya A., Tatartschuk E., Sydoruk O., Shamonina E., Stevens C. J., Edwards D. J. Solymar L.
"Surface waves at an interface of two metamaterial structures with interelement coupling“ Phys. Rev. B 82,
045430 (2010)
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
My THz Research Within the OSD Group
Dr Stepan Lucyszyn
Analytical modelling of metallic THz structures
2 Books:
RFIC and MMIC Design and Technology, Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), 2001
Advanced RF MEMS, Cambridge University Press, 2010
My Current PhD students working in THz:
William Otter
Fangjing Hu
Stergios Papantonis
Elpida Episkopou
Manuel Pinuela
THz EM modelling and plasmonic filter banks
Ultra-low cost wireless THz communication links
Novel THz metal waveguide structures
Reconfigurable THz Integrated Architectures
EM Energy Scavenging
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
1. Y. Zhou and S. Lucyszyn, "Modelling of reconfigurable terahertz integrated architecture (RETINA) SIW
structures", EM Academy’s PIER Journal, vol. 105, pp. 71-92, Jun. 2010
2. S. Lucyszyn and Y. Zhou, "Characterising room temperature THz metal shielding using the engineering
approach", EM Academy’s PIER Journal, vol. 103, pp. 17-31, Apr. 2010
3. S. Lucyszyn and Y. Zhou, "THz applications for the engineering approach to modelling frequency dispersion
within normal metals at room temperature", EM Academy's PIERS Online Journal, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 293-299, Feb.
2010
4. S. Lucyszyn and Y. Zhou, "Engineering approach to modelling frequency dispersion within normal metals at
room temperature for THz applications", EM Academy's PIER Journal, vol. 101, pp. 257-275, Feb. 2010
5. Y. Zhou and S. Lucyszyn, "HFSS modelling anomalies with THz metal-pipe rectangular waveguide structures at
room temperature", EM Academy's PIERS Online Journal, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 201-211,Mar. 2009
6. S. Lucyszyn, "Microwave characterization of nickel", EM Academy’s PIERS Online Journal, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 686690, Jun. 2008
7. S. Lucyszyn, "Evaluating surface impedance models for terahertz frequencies at room temperature", EM
Academy's PIERS Online Journal, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 554-559, Jun. 2007
8. S. Lucyszyn, "Investigation of Wang's model for room temperature conduction losses in normal metals at
terahertz frequencies", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1398-1403, Apr. 2005
9. S. Lucyszyn, "Investigation of anomalous room temperature conduction losses in normal metals at terahertz
frequencies", IEE Proceedings - Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 151, no. 4, pp. 321-329, Aug. 2004
10. S. Lucyszyn, D. Budimir, Q. H. Wang and I. D. Robertson, "Design of compact monolithic dielectric-filled metalpipe rectangular waveguides for millimetre-wave applications", IEE Proceedings – Microwaves, Antennas and
Propagation, vol. 143, no. 5, pp. 451-453, Oct. 1996
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Department of Materials
TeraView TPS Spectra 3000 is the world's first commercial terahertz spectrometer capable of
performing both transmission and attenuated total reflection (ATR) measurements from 0.06 – 4 THz
TeraView’s spectrometers do not require liquid helium cooling
or any vacuum systems for its operation, enabling results to be
obtained in a minute or less, all while operating under ambient
temperature conditions.
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
LECTURE COURSE:
RADIO FREQUENCY ENGINEERING
RATIONALE
This is a radio frequency (i.e. from dc to sub-millimetre-wavelength) engineering course, with 6 lectures,
aimed at postgraduate physics and engineering students wishing to bridge their gap in knowledge of how
theoretical principles can be engineered for real life applications. A coherent theme runs throughout this
course, with a view to ‘seeing’ interrelated technologies from different perspectives. It is hoped that the
physics students will be able to discover synergies between these RF engineering topics and their existing
understanding of photonic principles.
CONTENTS
Lecture #1: Passives
Lecture #2: Devices, Mixers and Modulators
Lecture #3: Radio Frequency Microelectromechanical Systems (RF MEMS)
Lecture #4: Scattering (S)-Parameter Analysis
Lecture #5: Metal-pipe Rectangular Waveguides
Lecture #6: Engineering Approach for Analytical Electromagnetic Modelling of THz Metal Structures
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授
Radio Frequency Engineering
Introduction
Acknowledgements
Professor Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami
Akane Oshima
Photon Science Center of the University of Tokyo
ステファン・ルシズィン Stepan Lucyszyn
インペリアル・カレッジ・ロンドン准教授

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