Challenges and Choices Shining Star Book A Unit 2 11/6/2015 Introduction to Unit 1 Challenges Challenge is a difficult task or experience that tests a person’s abilities. When have you felt challenged, either in school or during an activity? What are some challenges people often face as they grow up? Solutions Solution is an answer or end result. How many solutions can a challenge have? Answer: A solution can have more than one. It will depend on many variables such as the individual person, place or situation. Choices Choice is having: an option alternative variety or selection People can make choices about the best way to meet and overcome a challenge. Activity 1 Tell a partner about a challenge you have recently faced. DO NOT give the choice or solution! Describe the choice you made trying to meet the challenge. What was the solution? If you could go back with your current knowledge of what happened or what you know today, would you make the same choice? Why or why not? Activity 2 Brainstorm with your partner some possible choices you could have made to overcome your challenge? Be ready to share back with the class what your choices could be. Extraordinary People Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Helen Keller (1880-1968) Rosa Parks (1913-2005) Stephen Hawking (1942- ) still alive! Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Salzburg, Austria 3 years old – harpsichord 5 years old – wrote first song 6 years old – traveled around Europe performing concerts for royal families became a composer Predict: Genius or not? Poor or rich? Albert Einstein Born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879 famous physicist emigrated to America in 1933 to take the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton He became a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945 In the 1920’s he embarked on the construction of different theories such as: unified field theories probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory quantum theory of a monatomic gas atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology Bottom line all the theories above contributed to the development of the … Atomic Bomb! After his death, scientists studied his brain and found that some parts in his brain was unusual. Predict: Genius or not? Poor or rich? Extraordinary thinker, yes or no? Helen Keller Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880, in Tuscumbia, a small rural town in Northwest Alabama, USA. fever at nineteen months old no sight or hearing difficulties with communication no reading lips no sign language no listening or hearing She became frustrated and eventually learned to communicate. How can a person who is blind or deaf learn to communicate? Predict: Genius or not? Poor or rich? Extraordinary person, yes or no? Rosa Parks Rosa Parks February 4, 1913 Tuskegee, Alabama Named after maternal grandmother Married Rosa Louise McCauley Raymond Parks at age 25 Job Seamstress and housekeeper On December 1, 1955 Rosa refused to give up her seat to a white man after she had worked several jobs and was sitting in her correct section of the bus She is credited with the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA, 1955 "Mrs. Parks's arrest was the precipitating factor rather than the cause of the protest," Dr. King wrote in his 1958 book, "Stride Toward Freedom. "The cause lay deep in the record of similar injustices.“ NY Times By E. R. SHIPP Published October 25, 2005 Predict Genius or not? Poor or rich? Extraordinary person, yes or no? Did she spark change in this country? What were some of her challenges and how did she face them? Chester Higgins, Jr./The New York Times Stephen Kawking Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, (300 years after the death of Galileo) in Oxford, England. famous physicist Who else was a physicist? disease affecting nerves and muscles incapable of talking without technology The motor neurone diseases (MND) are a group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurones, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes called Lou Gehrig's disease. Predict: Genius or not? Poor or rich? Extraordinary person or thinker, yes or no? What are some of his challenges and choices he has taken in life? Challenges and Choices We all face challenges and make choices every day, in different ways. Don’t let challenges get in the way of your dreams. Remember, you always have a choice. It may not be the best choice, but you have one. Think and make the best choice!