Application-level Services on Attached Network Processors Ada Gavrilovska, Karsten Schwan, Austen Mcdonald, Hailemelekot Seifu, Ola Nordstrom Objectives SPLITS Overview host Utilize programmable network processors in large scale distributed.

Report
Application-level Services on Attached
Network Processors
Ada Gavrilovska, Karsten Schwan,
Austen Mcdonald, Hailemelekot Seifu, Ola Nordstrom
Objectives
SPLITS Overview
host
Utilize programmable network processors in
large scale distributed applications to:
• attain improvements in end-user application
performance,
• more efficiently utilize host system capacity,
• offer to applications new services at no
additional performance overheads perceived
by end users.
Map application- and middleware-level
services across hosts and their attached NPs,
thereby attaining integrated host-attached NP
(ANP) systems
Applications: commercial (OIS),
scientific (RT collaborations), dynamic
web applications (delivery of cameracaptured data;
Services: application-level filtering,
mirroring, stream differentiation,
format translation, downsampling…
Stream Handler - lightweight computational
unit executed on the ANP which operates on
both, packet header and payload data
enables developers to dynamically deploy
and configure service functionality onto
attached network processors so as to best
utilize the combined host/ANP resources
implemented for standard Linux kernels
and ANPs based on the Intel IXP network
processors.
Application
h
Resource
Monitor
ANP
Receive
from network
Transmit
protocol plane
to network
Data Path through host/ANP.
Application- and middleware-level services are
implemented as compositions of stream
handlers simultaneously deployed at multiple
points along the packets’ datapath through the
integrated host/ANP nodes:
• on the ANP, embedded with packet receipt
and transmission,
• on the ANP, after the application-level
message has been assembled in ANP
memory,
• or at the host kernel or user level
h
Dynamic Reconfiguration
Admission
Control
Dynamic selection of handler functionality:
resource state
HOST
ANP-HOST
INTERFACE
ANP
currently through use of parameterizable handlers
or by selecting from a set of existing handlers
assessing possibilities for runtime deployment of
new codes
Data
Mgt
Control Data
Data Buffers
Admission control:
monitor use of resources such as headroom
Rx
SH
SH
SH
Tx
Host - Attached NP node: integrated
platforms, building block in overlay networks,
interactive grids, p2p systems, cluster servers…
sample services implemented with
stream handlers and SPLITS
user
kernel
SPLITS – Software architecture for
Programmable LIghtweighT Stream handlers
Control Mgt
Accessing application-level data:
efficient protocol for fragmentation
and reassembly of application-level
messages (RUDP)
use of portable binary data format
descriptors (PBIO)
Access
data format translation on the IXP for
XML-based applications
consider both IXP- and host-side deployment
Summary of Results:
Variety of application-level services can be efficiently
implemented
Computationally intensive services such as image
cropping for OpenGl graphics serves can be supported
on the IXP NP at rates reaching 3.75Gbps;
Value-added services, such as format translation for
XML-based applications, can be added at no additional
cost perceived by end user;
Results indicate the importance of cooperative
host/ANP processing for complex services where
handlers are simultaneously deployed on the ANP and
the host;
Performance gains stem from network-near
execution of stream handlers, load reduction on the
host system CPU and memory infrastructure, and the
flexibility with which stream handlers can be mapped
across host/ANP boundaries

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