Module 1 - Alberta Ministry of Transportation

Report
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Introduction
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
The new Federal
Commercial Vehicle Drivers
Hours of Service Regulation
(SOR/2005-313) came into
effect on January 1, 2007.
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
The new Federal Hours of Service
Regulation is important to public safety.
Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation
would like to assist the commercial truck and
bus industry by providing the following
resource information that may be used to
help develop training material for the
industry, its owners, drivers, safety officers
and other staff.
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
NOTICE TO READERS

The actual legislation supersedes any information
provided in this reference material

Corrections, comments and suggestions are welcomed by
Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation using the
feedback form in the appendix at the end of the
Introduction Module

Electronic versions of this material will be updated
periodically and may be viewed on the internet at:
www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca

Reproduction of this document is allowed but content
should not be altered nor used in a manner that would
change the intended meaning of the material or its
accuracy.
HoS Presentation -
4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Table of Contents
General Information - Introduction and Modules 1-4
 Introduction, Overview, Application, Responsibilities and Driver Activities
Hours and Limits - Modules 5-9
 Daily Limits, Work Shift Limits, Deferral of Off-Duty Time, Splitting of Daily OffDuty Time/Sleeper Berths, Cycles
Permits - Modules 10-13
 Special Permit – Oil Well Service Vehicle Permits, Special Permit – Commercial
Vehicles Other than Oil Well Service Vehicles, Special Permit – Research/Pilot
Project, Permit Process
Exemptions -
Modules 14-19
 Ferries, North of 60, Daily Logs, Radius Exemption – 160 Kilometres,
Electronic Recording Devices
Enforcement - Modules 20-24
 Out-of-Service Declarations, Inspections and Authority, Detecting Falsified
Logs, Enforcement Action, Daily Log Audits.
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Purpose of this Reference Guide
 assist carriers and drivers with understanding the
Federal Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Regulation (SOR/2005-313) and the Associated
Application Guide.
 increase understanding of, and compliance with the
legislation in order to:
reduce collisions
reduce the incidence and severity of injuries
reduce the associated costs to society and
TO SAVE LIVES
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Who should use this guide?

Owners of trucks and cargo vans registered for more than 4,500
kilograms who have been/will be operating outside Alberta (including
farmers) and providers of passenger transportation with buses and
passenger vans and their employees who:
 are unclear about their responsibilities under the new regulations;
 want to increase their understanding;
 want to reduce the risk of a fatigue related collision.

Safety Officers

Administrative staff responsible for ensuring that administrative
procedures are identified and used

Carrier Management who need to understand their personal and
corporate legislation requirements

Shippers, receivers and any others who have responsibilities under
the federal hours of service legislation

Law enforcement agencies
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
OTHER SOURCES OF HELP
Alberta Motor Transport Association
 Legislation Sources:

 Queens
Printer Bookstore (Alberta)
 Canadian Publishing Centre (Federal)
Transportation Consultants
 Red Deer College

 Transportation

Safety Director Program
Lethbridge Community College
 Commercial
Vehicle Enforcement Program
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
APPENDIX
 The Appendix to this module contains the
following documents:
 Commercial
Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Regulations (SOR/2005-313)
 Feedback
Form
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 1: Overview
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
What if there were no rules limiting how
many hours a driver could drive a
commercial vehicle?
 What would happen to the commercial
vehicle driver?
 What affect would it have on highway
safety?

HoS Presentation - 11
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
History and reasons for Hours of Service
legislation
 How the human body clock affects fatigue
 How to identify driver fatigue
 How to avoid sleep debt

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 12
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Why do we need Hours of
Service legislation?
Rules that commercial vehicle drivers
follow in Canada
 Maximum allowable driving times and
minimum required off-duty times
 Until recently, rules were not based on
sleep and fatigue research

HoS Presentation - 13
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Fatigue and Alertness Study
1989 - 1996
 $6 million study
 Driving long hours, day after day, results in
serious fatigue caused by “sleep debt”
 Fatigue leads to commercial vehicle
collisions

HoS Presentation - 14
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is fatigue?
Need adequate sleep to combat fatigue
 Need to change Hours of Service
regulations to allow opportunities for
additional sleep
 10 years of consultations to make changes
to regulations

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 15
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is fatigue?
Caused by work, exertion or stress
for long periods of time
 People contribute to their fatigue by
simply being awake
 People become tired and drowsy
 Increased chance of microsleep

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 16
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does the human body clock
affect fatigue?
Body clock tells body processes when to
have peaks & low points
 Example:

 Midnight
to dawn, clock tells body to lower
body temperature, slow heart rate, lower
blood pressure
 Body makes these changes whether we are
asleep or awake!
HoS Presentation - 17
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does the human body clock
affect fatigue?
Disrupting the clock can lead to a lack of
sleep and increase in fatigue
 Low points = increase in fatigue-related
accidents

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 18
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the symptoms of
fatigue?
Decreased judgment
 Decreased decision-making ability
 Diminished memory, reaction time,
concentration
 Worsened mood

HoS Presentation - 19
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How can I avoid sleep debt?
Only way to combat fatigue is sleep
 Average person needs 6 - 8 hours of sleep
per day
 People who do not get sufficient daily
sleep build a “sleep debt”
 As sleep debt increases, people become
less alert and drowsier

HoS Presentation - 20
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How can I avoid sleep debt?
Take 20 – 30 minute naps
 Sleep for a longer period of time
 Relax so the you have a deeper sleep

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 21
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Hours of Service Regulations
January 1, 2007
 Changes give commercial vehicle drivers
opportunity to obtain adequate sleep
 Changes are consistent with research on
fatigue, human body clock and sleep debt

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 22
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 2: Application
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®

There are two hours of service regulations:
 Federal
 Alberta
What is the difference between these two
regulations?
 Do the Federal Regulations apply to all
commercial vehicles?

HoS Presentation - 24
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will learn in this module?
Definition of motor carrier
 Commercial vehicles that apply Federal
Regulations
 Commercial vehicles that are excluded
from Federal Regulations

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 25
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a motor carrier?
Transports goods/passengers by truck or
bus
 Operates vehicle for commercial purposes

outside Alberta – “Federal"
Operating Status
 Operates solely in Alberta – "Provincial"
Operating Status
 Operates
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 26
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles that Apply
the Federal Regulations

Motor carriers with Federal Operating
Status (as indicated on the carrier's
Alberta Safety Fitness Certificate)
HoS Presentation - 27
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles that Apply
the Federal Regulations

Truck, tractor, trailer or any combination of
these vehicles with gross vehicle weight
greater than 4,500 kilograms
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 28
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles that Apply
the Federal Regulations

Bus with seating capacity of 11 persons or
more, including the driver
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 29
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

Commercial vehicle with total registered
gross vehicle weight of 4,500 kilograms or
less
© Microsoft®
Total Registered Gross Vehicle Weight
≤ 4,500 kilograms
HoS Presentation - 30
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

2 or 3-axle vehicle transporting farm,
forest, sea, or lake products
 Driver
is producer of products
 Exemption covers both delivery and return trip
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 31
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

Emergency vehicles
 Fire-fighting
vehicle, ambulance, police
vehicle, or other vehicle used during an
emergency
 Tow trucks are not an emergency vehicle
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 32
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

Commercial vehicle providing relief in a
“public welfare emergency”
 Fire,
flood, drought, storm, earthquake,
hurricane, tornado or other natural
phenomenon; disease in human beings,
animals or plants; or accident or pollution
 Drivers should document emergency
exemption
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 33
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

Municipality’s public transit bus

Travels within 25 kilometres of boundary of
municipality
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 34
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Commercial Vehicles Excluded
from the Federal Regulations

Commercial vehicle driven for personal
use
 Refer
to Module 14
HoS Presentation - 35
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Does the motor
carrier have
“Federal”
Operating
Status?
No
Federal
Regulations do
not apply
Yes
Is the vehicle’s
registered gross
vehicle weight
more than 4500
kg or does the
bus seat 11 or
more persons?
No
Federal
Regulations do
not apply
Yes
Is the vehicle
exempt
(see
exemptions
on pages 5 7)?
Yes
Federal
Regulations do
not apply
No
Federal
Regulations
apply
HoS Presentation - 36
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 3: Responsibilities
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Whose responsibility is it to ensure that
drivers are not fatigued?
 Is it the motor carrier’s, shipper’s,
consignee’s, third party’s or driver’s
responsibility?
 Answer is all of them – safety is
everyone’s responsibility

HoS Presentation - 38
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Motor carrier responsibilities
 Shipper responsibilities
 Consignee responsibilities
 Third party responsibilities
 Driver responsibilities

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 39
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the motor carrier’s
responsibilities?
Refuse to allow driver to drive if:
 Driver’s abilities are impaired (by alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, health or unknown causes) and it’s
unsafe for driver to drive
 Driving risks safety or health of public, driver or
motor carrier employees
 Driver is subject to an out-of-service declaration
 Driver is not complying with the Federal
Regulations
© Microsoft®
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 40
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the shipper’s responsibilities?
Refuse to allow driver to drive if:
 Driver’s abilities are impaired (by alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, health or unknown causes) and it’s
unsafe for driver to drive
 Driving risks safety or health of public, driver or
motor carrier employees
 Driver is subject to an out-of-service declaration
 Driver is not complying with the Federal
Regulations
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 41
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the consignee’s (receiver’s)
responsibilities?
Refuse to allow driver to drive if:
 Driver’s abilities are impaired (by alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, health or unknown causes) and it’s
unsafe for the driver to drive
 Driving risks safety or health of public, driver or
motor carrier employees
 Driver is subject to an out-of-service declaration
 Driver is not complying with the Federal
Regulations
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 42
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the third party’s
responsibilities?
Refuse to allow driver to drive if:
 Driver’s abilities are impaired (by alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, health or unknown causes) and it’s
unsafe for the driver to drive
 Driving risks safety or health of public, driver or
motor carrier employees
 Driver is subject to an out-of-service declaration
 Driver is not complying with the Federal
Regulations
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 43
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the driver’s responsibilities?
Refuse to drive if:
 Driver’s abilities are impaired (by alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, health or unknown causes) and it’s
unsafe for the driver to drive
 Driving risks safety or health of public, driver or
motor carrier employees
 Driver is subject to an out-of-service declaration
 Driver who has decided not to drive is protected
under the Regulations
© Microsoft®
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 44
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
“Due Diligence”
Need to ask:
What would a reasonable person do in
the same situation to avoid harm to
other persons or their property?
 If a reasonable person would not let driver
drive, the person must not request, require
or allow driver to drive
HoS Presentation - 45
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Motor
Carrier
© Microsoft®

© Microsoft®
Shipper
© Microsoft®

Consignee
(Receiver)

© Microsoft®
Third Party
© Microsoft®

Driver
© Microsoft®
=
© Microsoft®
Highway and Public Safety
HoS Presentation - 46
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 4: Driver Activities
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
What activities do commercial vehicle
drivers perform in a day?
 Pick up/drop off load, drive, maintain
vehicle, complete paperwork, eat, sleep
 Every driver activity can be classified into
one of four categories
HoS Presentation - 48
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?





Activities classified as driving time
Activities classified as on-duty other than driving
time
Activities classified as off-duty time other than
time spent in a sleeper berth
Activities classified as off-duty time spent in a
sleeper berth
How to use a logbook
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 49
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is “duty status”?
Four categories of duty status:
 Off-duty time, other than time spent in a
sleeper berth
 Off-duty time spent in a sleeper berth
 Driving time (on-duty time)
 On-duty time, other than driving time
HoS Presentation - 50
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
“On-duty time”
Begins when driver starts work or is
required by motor carrier to be available
for work
 Does not include time when driver is
waiting to be assigned work
 Ends when driver stops work or is relieved
of all responsibility by motor carrier

HoS Presentation - 51
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
“Off-duty time”

Any time other than on-duty time
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 52
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Off-Duty Time, Other Than Time
Spent in a Sleeper Berth
Driver has the freedom to do whatever
driver wants to do
 Driver is relieved of all duty, responsibility
and obligation for care and custody of
vehicle, its accessories, and any
passengers or cargo it may be carrying
 Driver has freedom to leave vehicle to do
something else

HoS Presentation - 53
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Off-Duty Time, Other Than in a
Sleeper Berth
Examples:
 Meal break
 Rest break
 Sleep
 Waiting for work assignment
 Work performed for an organization other than
the motor carrier
 Vacation time
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 54
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Off-Duty Time Spent in a Sleeper
Berth
Driver is in sleeper berth area
 Sleeper berth is in the cab or passenger
compartment of commercial vehicle
 Specific dimensions and environmental
requirements for sleeper berths will be
discussed in Module 8

HoS Presentation - 55
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Off-Duty Time Spent in a Sleeper
Berth
Examples:
 Reading in sleeper berth
 Relaxing in sleeper berth
 Sleeping in sleeper berth
HoS Presentation - 56
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Driving Time
Driver operates or controls a commercial
vehicle
 Example:
- Driving a commercial vehicle

HoS Presentation - 57
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
On-Duty, Other Than Driving
Time
Driver performs other activities while
on-duty
 Inspecting, servicing or repairing
commercial vehicle
 Loading or unloading commercial vehicle
 Waiting to be dispatched (at a motor
carrier or shipper facility)

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 58
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
On-Duty, Other Than Driving
Time
Waiting for inspection at customs
 Traveling in commercial vehicle as a
co-driver
 Traveling as a passenger in commercial
vehicle to a point where the driver will
begin driving
 Performing any other work for the motor
carrier such as completing paperwork

HoS Presentation - 59
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a logbook and how is it
used?
Logbook is used to record driver activities
 Each page in a logbook records one day’s
(24 hours) activities
 Obtain logbooks from motor carriers or
purchase them at truck stops, stationary
stores or commercial printing companies

HoS Presentation - 60
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a logbook and how is it
used?

Daily grid
HoS Presentation - 61
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Grid Example
Time
Activity
Duty Status
8 hours
Sleep
Off-duty time other than time spent in a sleeper berth
1 hour
Eat breakfast and drive to
motor carrier
Off-duty time other than time spent in a sleeper berth
1 hour
Supervise loading of
vehicle
On-duty, other than driving time
4 hours
Drive
Driving time
1 hour
Eat lunch
Off-duty time other than time spent in a sleeper berth
4 hours
Drive
Driving time
1 hour
Eat supper
Off-duty time other than time spent in a sleeper berth
2 hours
Drive
Driving time
1 hour
Supervise unloading of
vehicle, maintain vehicle
and complete paperwork
On-duty, other than driving time
1 hour
Relax and sleep
Off-duty time other than time spent in a sleeper berth
HoS Presentation - 62
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Grid Example
HoS Presentation - 63
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 5: Daily Limits
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
What is a day?
 How many hours can a driver drive in a
day?
 How many hours does a driver need to be
off-duty in a day?

HoS Presentation - 65
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Definition of a day
 Daily driving time limit
 Daily off-duty time requirement

© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 66
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a day?
24-hour period that begins at hour
designated by motor carrier
 Hour at which day begins remains
constant unless driver takes a cycle reset
 Motor carrier can designate different daily
start times for different drivers

HoS Presentation - 67
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a day?
HoS Presentation - 68
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How many hours can a driver
drive in a day?

Daily Driving Time Limit

Daily On-Duty Time Limit
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 69
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Driving Time Limit
13 hours in a day (designated 24-hour
period)
 Driving periods may start and stop
throughout day
 Total Driving Time ≤ 13 hours

STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
13 HOURS
DRIVING
HoS Presentation - 70
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Driving Time Limit
HoS Presentation - 71
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Driving Time Limit
Driving Time
8:00 – 13:00
14:00 – 19:00
20:00 – 23:00
Total
5 hours
5 hours
3 hours
13 hours
 Total Driving Time ≤ 13 hours
HoS Presentation - 72
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily On-Duty Time Limit
Can’t drive after 14 hours On-Duty Time in
a day (designated 24-hour period)
 On-Duty Time = “Driving Time” + “On-Duty
Time Other Than Driving”
 Total On-Duty Time ≤ 14 hours

STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
14 HOURS
ON-DUTY
HoS Presentation - 73
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily On-Duty Time Limit
HoS Presentation - 74
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily On-Duty Time Limit
On-Duty Time
8:00 – 13:00
14:00 – 19:00
20:00 – 24:00
Total
5 hours
5 hours
4 hours
14 hours
 Total On-Duty Time ≤ 14 hours
HoS Presentation - 75
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How many hours does a driver
need to be off-duty in a day?
Total Off-Duty Time ≥ 10 hours
 Off-Duty Time = “Off-Duty Time Other
Than in Sleeper Berth” + “Off-Duty Time in
Sleeper Berth”
 Must include at least 2 hours off-duty time
that aren’t part of 8 consecutive hours of
core off-duty time (Module 6)

 Each
block ≥ 30 minutes to be eligible
HoS Presentation - 76
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Off-Duty Requirement
HoS Presentation - 77
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Off-Duty Requirement
Off-Duty Time
0:00 – 8:00
13:00 – 14:00
19:00 – 20:00
Total
8 hours
1 hour
1 hours
10 hours  Total Off-Duty Time ≥ 10 hours
 Includes 2 hours that aren’t part of 8 hours
core off-duty time (each block ≥ 30
minutes to be eligible)
HoS Presentation - 78
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily Driving Limits
and Off-Duty Requirement
HoS Presentation - 79
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily Driving Limits
and Off-Duty Requirement (cont’d)
HoS Presentation - 80
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily Driving Limits
and Off-Duty Requirement (cont’d)
HoS Presentation - 81
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily Limits
No driving after 13 hours driving
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty
 At least 10 hours off-duty before driver can
drive again

8
consecutive off-duty hours
 2 additional off-duty hours (blocks ≥ 30
minutes) that are not part of 8 consecutive
hours
HoS Presentation - 82
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 6: Work Shift Limits
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
What is a work shift?
 How many hours can a driver drive in a
work shift?
 Do daily limits have an effect on work shift
limits?

HoS Presentation - 84
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Definition of work shift

Core off-duty time requirements

Work shift limits
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 85
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a work shift?
Period of time that driver is “on the job”
 Begins when driver performs any activity
for motor carrier
 Ends when driver stops for an extended
period of rest (“core rest period” or “core
off-duty time”)

HoS Presentation - 86
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is core off-duty time?
Opportunity to obtain adequate sleep
 During core rest period, driver must have
off-duty time ≥ 8 consecutive hours

REST FOR 8
CONSECUTIVE
HOURS
HoS Presentation - 87
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is the work shift limit?

Driver cannot drive after 16 hours of
elapsed time on work shift
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
16 HOURS
ON WORK
SHIFT
HoS Presentation - 88
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is the work shift limit?


During the work shift following rules apply:
 No driving after 13 hours driving in work shift
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty in work shift
 No driving after 16 hours of elapsed time in
work shift
After 16-hour work shift, driver must stop driving
even if the driver has not reached the daily limits
HoS Presentation - 89
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is the work shift limit?
After work shift, driver must start a core
rest period (at least 8 consecutive hours
off-duty time)
 Once driver has taken core rest period,
driver can start a new work shift

HoS Presentation - 90
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is the work shift limit?

Every work shift is anchored on either end
with core rest period
Core Rest
Period
≥8
consecutive
off-duty hours
© Microsoft®
Work Shift
Core Rest
Period
≥8
consecutive
off-duty hours
© Microsoft®
HoS Presentation - 91
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is the work shift limit?

Work shift limits are not the same as the
daily limits discussed in Module 5

Driver must comply with both the work
shift limits and the daily limits
HoS Presentation - 92
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #1
Start of
Work Shift
End of
Work Shift
HoS Presentation - 93
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #2
Start of
Work Shift
End of
Work Shift
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
16 HOURS
ON WORK
SHIFT
HoS Presentation - 94
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #3
Start of
Work Shift
End of
Work Shift
HoS Presentation - 95
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Can a work shift span more than
one “day”?

Yes, but all daily limits still apply each day
End of
Work Shift
Start of
new Work
Shift
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
13 HOURS
DRIVING AND
14 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN A
DAY
HoS Presentation - 96
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Start of
Work Shift
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
16 HOURS
ON WORK
SHIFT
End of
Work Shift
HoS Presentation - 97
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Can a driver combine a core rest
period with the 2-hour daily offduty time requirement?
No, “double dipping”
 None of the 8 consecutive hours of offduty time (core rest period) can count
towards 2-hour daily off-duty requirement
 2 hours off-duty time (or a portion of the 2
hours) can occur immediately before or
after the core rest period

HoS Presentation - 98
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
HoS Presentation - 99
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily and Work Shift
Limits
Daily Limits (start time of 24-hour period specified by carrier)
 No driving after 13 hours driving
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty
 At least 10 hours off-duty before driver can drive again
-
8 consecutive off-duty hours
2 additional off-duty hours (blocks ≥ 30 minutes) that are not part of 8
consecutive hours
Work Shift Limits (period between end of one core rest period and start
of next core rest period)
 No driving after 13 hours driving
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty
 No driving after 16 hours elapsed time (includes all time in work shift)
10
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 7:
Deferral of Off-Duty Time
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
If driver can’t meet daily off-duty time
requirement, driver can defer hours:
 How many daily off-duty time hours can a
driver defer?
 What are the conditions for daily off-duty
time deferral?
10
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Maximum number of daily off-duty time
hours that a driver can defer
 Conditions for daily off-duty time deferral

© Microsoft®
10
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How many daily off-duty time
hours can a driver defer?
Driver can defer up to 2 hours to following
day
 Total off-duty time for 2 days ≥ 20 hours

© Microsoft®
10
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for daily
off-duty time deferral?
Deferred off-duty time added to next 8
consecutive hours of off-duty time (core
rest period)
 Total driving time in two days ≤ 26 hours
 Driver must declare use of deferral in
“Remarks” section of daily log

10
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for daily
off-duty time deferral?
Take 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
(core rest period):
 After 13 hours of driving time in work shift
 After 14 hours of on-duty time in work shift
 After 16 hours of elapsed time in work shift
10
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
13 HOURS
DRIVING IN A
WORK SHIFT
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
13 HOURS
DRIVING IN A
WORK SHIFT
10
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
14 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN A
WORK SHIFT
STOP DRIVING
AFTER
14 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN A
WORK SHIFT
10
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How often can a driver apply the
off-duty time deferral?

Driver can use the off-duty time deferral
option every second day
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 1
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 2
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 1
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 2
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 1
Deferral of Off-Duty Time Used – Day 2
10
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
11
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily Deferred Time
and Work Shift Limits
Daily Limits
Deferred Time (option to move up to 2 hours of off-duty time to 2nd day):
 Total driving time in 2 days ≤ 26 hours
 Total off-duty time in 2 days ≥ 20 hours
 Off-duty time for Day 1 and Day 2
- At least 8 consecutive off-duty hours taken in Day 1
- At least 10 consecutive off-duty hours taken in Day 2
- 2 additional off-duty hours (blocks ≥ 30 minutes) that are not part of 10
consecutive hours in Day 2 (but they can be consecutive)
Work Shift Limits
 No driving after 13 hours driving
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty
 No driving after 16 hours elapsed time
11
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 8:
Splitting of Daily Off-Duty
Time / Sleeper Berths
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Drivers can use sleeper berths and team drivers to
increase off-duty time flexibility
 What is a sleeper berth?
 How can a single driver use a sleeper berth to
increase off-duty time flexibility?
 What are team drivers?
 How can team drivers use a sleeper berth to
increase off-duty time flexibility?
11
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Sleeper berth construction criteria
 Sleeper berth rules for a single driver
 Sleeper berth rules for team drivers

© Microsoft®
11
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a sleeper berth?
Area of commercial vehicle used for
sleeping accommodation
 Sleeper berths must meet specific
construction requirements
 Driver cannot “make” a sleeper berth using
driver, passenger or back seat area

11
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sleeper Berths in Commercial
Vehicles




In cab or securely attached to cab
In cargo space if separated from rest of cargo
space
Cannot be in sleeping facilities being transported
as cargo (example: boats, campers, travel
trailers)
Cannot be in or on a semi-trailer or full trailer
11
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sleeper Berths in Commercial
Vehicles





1.9 metres x 60 cm x 60 cm
Easy and direct access
Adequate heating, cooling, ventilation and
protection from exhaust, leaks, dust and rain
Mattress ≥ 10 cm; adequate sheets and blankets
(sleeping bag is adequate)
Means of preventing ejection of occupant
© Microsoft®
11
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sleeper Berths in Buses







In passenger compartment
1.9 metres x 60 cm x 60 cm
Solid walls and locking door
Window shades to control lighting levels
Adequate heating, cooling, ventilation and
protection from exhaust, leaks, dust and rain
Mattress ≥ 10 cm; adequate sheets and blankets
(sleeping bag is adequate)
Means of preventing ejection of occupant
11
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules
for a single driver?

Driver can split 10 hours daily off-duty time
into sleeper berth periods
 Driver
must rest in the sleeper berth
 Each sleeper berth period ≥ 2 hours
 Total for 2 consecutive sleeper berth periods
≥ 10 hours
11
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Possible Combinations of
Sleeper Berth Periods
Sleeper Berth
Period
3 hours
Sleeper Berth
Period
7 hours
Total Sleeper
Berth Time
10 hours
4 hours
6 hours
10 hours
5 hours
5 hours
10 hours
12
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #1
12
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Eligible Sleeper Berth Periods





Sleeper berth period >= 2 hours
This sleeper berth period + another sleeper
berth period >= 10 hours
Driving time <= 13 hours (before and after the
sleeper berth period)
No driving after 14 hours on-duty (before and
after the sleeper berth period)
No driving after 16 hours elapsed time (before
and after the sleeper berth period)
12
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Limits When Using Sleeper
Berth
Stop driving after 13 hours driving time in
a “day”
 Stop driving after 14 hours on-duty time in
a “day”
 At least 10 hours off-duty in a “day”
and none of the off-duty time
can be deferred to the next day

© Microsoft®
12
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Work Shift Limits When Using
Sleeper Berth



Stop driving after 13 hours driving time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
Stop driving after 14 hours on-duty time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
Stop driving after 16 hours of elapsed time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
12
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Work Shift Limits When Using
Sleeper Berth
Include all activities since the end of
previous sleeper berth period until start of
next sleeper berth period
 Exclude current sleeper berth period

Previous
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Work
Shift
(Part A)
Current
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Work
Shift
(Part B)
Next
Sleeper
Berth
Period
© Microsoft®
12
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #1 (cont’d)
Start of
Work Shift
#1
Start of
Work Shift
#2
A
B
End of
Work Shift
#1
C
Start of
Work Shift
#3
End of
Work Shift
#2
End of
Work Shift
#3
12
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Switch to a Regular Work Shift
8 consecutive hours off-duty time to make
the switch
 Can be combination of off-duty time and
time spent in the sleeper berth as long as
the time is continuous

REST FOR 8
CONSECUTIVE
HOURS
12
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules
for team drivers?

Team drivers (co-drivers) can split 10
hours daily off-duty time into sleeper berth
periods
 Driver
must rest in the sleeper berth
 Each sleeper berth period ≥ 4 hours
 Total for 2 consecutive sleeper berth periods
≥ 8 hours
 2 additional off-duty hours for each co-driver
12
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Possible Combinations of
Sleeper Berth Periods
Option
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Additional
Off-Duty
Time
Total OffDuty
Time
1
4 hours
4 hours
2 hours
10 hours
2
4 hours
5 hours
1 hour
10 hours
12
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #2
13
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Eligible Sleeper Berth Periods





Sleeper berth period >= 4 hours
This sleeper berth period + another sleeper
berth period >= 8 hours
Driving time <= 13 hours (before and after the
sleeper berth period)
No driving after 14 hours on-duty (before and
after the sleeper berth period)
No driving after 16 hours elapsed time (before
and after the sleeper berth period)
13
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Daily Limits When Using Sleeper
Berth
Stop driving after 13 hours driving time in
a “day”
 Stop driving after 14 hours on-duty time in
a “day”
 At least 10 hours off-duty in a “day”
and none of the off-duty time
can be deferred to the next day

© Microsoft®
13
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Work Shift Limits When Using
Sleeper Berth



Stop driving after 13 hours driving time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
Stop driving after 14 hours on-duty time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
Stop driving after 16 hours of elapsed time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
13
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Work Shift Limits When Using
Sleeper Berth
Include all activities since end of previous
sleeper berth period until start of next
sleeper berth period
 Exclude current sleeper berth period

Previous
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Work
Shift
(Part A)
Current
Sleeper
Berth
Period
Work
Shift
(Part B)
Next
Sleeper
Berth
Period
13
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example #2
Start of
Work Shift
#1
Start of
Work Shift
#2
End of
Work Shift
#1
A
B
C
End of
Work Shift
#2
Start of
Work Shift
#3
D
End of
Work Shift
#3
13
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Co-Driver Daily Log
13
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Switch to a Regular Work Shift
8 consecutive hours off-duty time to make
the switch
 Can be combination of off-duty time and
time spent in the sleeper berth as long as
the time is continuous

REST FOR 8
CONSECUTIVE
HOURS
13
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Switch from Team Drivers to
Single Driver

Record change in the daily log

Follow rules for new driving situation
(i.e., single driver) from that point forward
13
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Team
Drivers
Single
Driver
13
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Daily and Work Shift
Limits (Sleeper Berth)
Daily Limits
Regular Time:

No driving after 13 hours driving

No driving after 14 hours on-duty

At least 10 hours off-duty
Work Shift Limits
Single Driver Using Sleeper Berth:

No driving after 13 hours driving on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period

No driving after 14 hours on-duty on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period

No driving after 16 hours elapsed time on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in eligible sleeper berth period)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 2 hours; total for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 10 hours)
Team Drivers Using Sleeper Berth:

No driving after 13 hours driving on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period

No driving after 14 hours on-duty on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period

No driving after 16 hours elapsed time on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in eligible sleeper berth period)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 4 hours; total for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 8 hours.
Require 2 additional hours of off-duty time.)
14
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 9: Cycles
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
In addition to daily and work shift limits, drivers
need to work within cycle limits




What are cycle limits?
How many off-duty hours must a driver take
to reset the cycle?
What is “mandatory 24 hours off-duty”?
How do drivers switch cycles, restart their
current cycle, or change the start time of their
day?
14
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Cycle limits

Cycle resets

Cycle switching
© Microsoft®
14
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the cycle limits?
Cycle 1 – limits on-duty time over a period
of 7 days
 Cycle 2 – limits on-duty time over a period
of 14 days
 Reach cycle limit - driver must stop driving

14
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the cycle resets?
Driver can take extended period of off-duty
time (cycle reset)
 After reset period – accumulated on-duty
hours set back to zero, driver starts new
cycle and resumes driving
 Driver does not have to take cycle reset –
driver can reduce hours so as not to
exceed 70 or 120 hours

14
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1
No driving after 70 hours on-duty time
during any period of 7 consecutive days
 Driver must take at least 36 consecutive
hours off-duty time to reset cycle

STOP DRIVING
AFTER
70 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN
7 DAYS
14
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday





14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
Friday
Saturday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
12 hours
off-duty
Start a new
cycle –
resume
driving
14
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1 Example
Sunday
Monday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
8 hours
on-duty
12 hours
on-duty
    
10 hours
on-duty
Saturday
    
13 hours
on-duty
3 hours
on-duty
Friday
10 hours
on-duty
13 hours
on-duty
13 hours
on-duty
10 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
11 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
12 hours
off-duty
Start a new
cycle – resume
driving
14
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sliding Window
Day #
Total On-Duty for Day
Total On-Duty for 7 Days
1
13
2
8
3
12
4
10
5
11
6
3
7
10
67
8
10
64
9
13
69
10
13
70
14
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2
No driving after 120 hours on-duty time in
any period of 14 consecutive days
 Driver can’t exceed 70 hours of on-duty
time without taking at least 24 consecutive
hours off-duty time
 Driver must take at least 72
consecutive hours off-duty time
to reset cycle

STOP DRIVING
AFTER
120 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN
14 DAYS
15
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Off-Duty
    
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
  
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
8 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
16 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
24 hours
off-duty
Friday
Off-Duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
Saturday
Off-Duty

14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
8 hours
off-duty
Start a
new cycle
– resume
driving
15
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
Off-Duty







13 hours
on-duty
8 hours
on-duty
12 hours
on-duty
10 hours
on-duty
11 hours
on-duty
6 hours
on-duty
10 hours
on-duty






24 hours
off-duty
10 hours
on-duty
9 hours
on-duty
8 hours
off-duty
9 hours
on-duty
5 hours
on-duty
8 hours
on-duty





10 hours
on-duty
11 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
12 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVING
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
Start a
new
cycle –
resume
driving
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
15
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sliding Window
Day #
Total On-Duty for Day
Total On-Duty for 14 Days
1
13
2
8
3
12
4
10
5
11
6
6
7
10
8
0
9
10
10
9
11
8
12
9
13
5
14
8
119
15
10
116
16
11
119
17
0
107
18
14
111
19
14
114
20
12
120
15
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is “mandatory 24 hours offduty”?

No driving after 14 consecutive days
(regardless of number of
on-duty hours)
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
14 DAYS
ON-DUTY

After 14 consecutive days on-duty, driver
must take at least 24 consecutive hours
off-duty time before driver resumes driving
15
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Day Off Example
Sunday
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
     
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
      
On-duty

On-duty
On-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
    
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
15
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How do drivers switch cycles,
restart their current cycle, or change
the start time of their day?




Switch from Cycle 1 to Cycle 2 –
36 consecutive hours off-duty time
Switch from Cycle 2 to Cycle 1 –
72 consecutive hours off-duty time
Change start time of day or restart cycle using
Cycle 1 – 36 consecutive hours off-duty time
Change start time of day or restart cycle using
Cycle 2 – 72 consecutive hours off-duty time
15
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Change
Start Time
Example
15
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Switch from
Cycle 2 to
Cycle 1
Example
15
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Cycle Limits
Cycle Limits (cycle specified by carrier)
Cycle 1:
 No driving after 70 hours on-duty in any 7 consecutive days
 At least 36 consecutive hours off-duty (to reset cycle)
Cycle 2:
 No driving after 120 hours on-duty in any 14 consecutive days
 No driving after 70 hours on-duty at any time in the cycle without
taking 24 consecutive hours off-duty
 At least 72 consecutive hours off-duty (to reset cycle)
Day Off:
 No driving after 14 consecutive days (regardless of the number of
on-duty hours) without taking at least 24 consecutive hours off-duty
15
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 10: Oil Well Service
Vehicle Permits
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Motor carriers can apply for a special permit
for oil well service vehicles
 What is a special permit for oil well service
vehicles?
 How does a motor carrier apply for this
permit?
 What are the conditions for this permit?
16
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Special permit for oil well service vehicles
 Application for a special permit for oil well
service vehicles
 Conditions for a special permit
for oil well service vehicles

© Microsoft®
16
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is an oil well service
vehicle?


Specially constructed, altered or equipped to
accommodate specific service requirement
associated with oil or natural gas industry
AND
Used exclusively in oil and natural gas industry
for transporting equipment or materials to and
from oil and natural gas facilities, or for servicing
and repairing oil or natural gas facilities
16
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is an oil well service
vehicle permit?
Oil well service vehicle drivers may need
to work for longer periods than the cycle
limits allow
 Permit authorizes motor carrier and driver
to operate under special terms and
conditions for a maximum of 1 year

16
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for this special permit?

Motor carrier submits information and
documentation required for permit
application (We will discuss permit
applications in Module 13)
© Microsoft®
16
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?
Provincial director may issue permit:
 If vehicle and operation meet the oil well service
vehicle definition and policy limits
 If driver has successfully completed training
directly related to safety requirements
associated with operating within field services
sector of oil or natural gas industry
AND
 Safety and health of the public, driver or
employees of motor carrier are not at risk
16
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?

Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation
conducts safety review of applicant’s
compliance levels and may require
periodic re-verification of safety
performance
16
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?

Regular cycle limits and requirements do not
apply
 Minimum 3 periods of off-duty time, each at
least 24 hours long, in any period of 24
days
 Minimum 72 consecutive hours of off-duty
time once no longer driving under the
provisions of permit (i.e., before beginning
driving under regular cycle limits)
16
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?

Waiting time and standby time recorded as
off-duty time if:
 Driver performs no work during the time
 Driver records the time as off-duty time on
the daily grid and as waiting or standby
time in the “Remarks” section
 Time is not included in minimum 8
consecutive hours core off-duty time
16
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?
None of the daily off-duty time can be
deferred to the next day
 Use of radius exemption is prohibited (i.e.,
driver must fill out a daily log for each day)
– refer to Module 17 and Module 18
 All other regulation requirements apply
(Standby time counts toward 16-hour
elapsed time limit)

17
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Off-Duty
Friday
Off-Duty
Saturday
Off-Duty
      
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
  
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
     
 
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
  
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
Start a
new
cycle –
resume
driving
17
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
17
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 11: Special Permit –
Commercial Vehicles Other
than Oil Well Service Vehicles
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Motor carriers can apply for a special permit for
commercial vehicles other than oil well service
vehicles
 What is a special permit for commercial vehicles
other than oil well service vehicles?
 How does a motor carrier apply for this permit?
 What are the conditions for this permit?
17
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Special permit for commercial vehicles
other than oil well service vehicles
 Application for a special permit for
commercial vehicles other than oil
well service vehicles
 Conditions for a special permit for
commercial vehicles other than oil
well service vehicles

© Microsoft®
17
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a special permit for
commercial vehicles other than oil
well service vehicles?
Driver may need to reduce off-duty time or
increase driving time to:
 Allow a driver following a regular schedule to
reach driver’s home terminal or destination
 Deliver perishable goods
 Accommodate a significant temporary increase
in the transportation of passengers or goods by
the motor carrier
17
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a special permit for
commercial vehicles other than oil
well service vehicles?

Authorizes motor carrier to operate under
special terms and conditions for a
maximum of 1 year
© Microsoft®
17
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for this special permit?

Motor carrier submits information and
documentation required for permit
application (We will discuss permit
applications in Module 13)
17
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?
Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation
considers safety and health of public,
driver and employees of motor carrier
when reviewing special permit application
 Department also conducts safety review of
applicant’s compliance levels

17
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?

Decrease daily off-duty hours by up to 2
hours if the commercial vehicle is
operating south of latitude 60°N
 Driver must still take 8 consecutive
hours core off-duty time each day
© Microsoft®
18
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?
 Increase
daily driving and on-duty
time by up to 2 hours
Drive for 15 hours in a “day”
On-duty for 16 hours in a “day”
 Use other special operating
conditions
18
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Permit Conditions for
Commercial Vehicles Other than Oil
Well Service Vehicles
Daily Off-Duty
Requirement
Daily Driving
Limit
Daily On-Duty
Limit
10 hours
– 2 hours
13 hours
+ 2 hours
14 hours
+ 2 hours
= 8 hours
= 15 hours
= 16 hours
Other Special
Operating
Conditions
(as specified in
the permit)
18
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 12: Special Permit –
Research / Pilot Projects
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Drivers involved in research or pilot projects may
need a special permit
 What is a special permit for research / pilot
projects?
 How does a motor carrier apply for this special
permit?
 What are the conditions for this special permit?
18
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Special permit for research / pilot projects
 Application for a special permit for
research / pilot projects
 Conditions for a special permit for
research / pilot projects

© Microsoft®
18
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a special permit for
research / pilot projects?

Authorizes motor carrier to operate under
special terms and conditions for a specific
period of time
© Microsoft®
18
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for this special permit?
Applicant (project coordinator) submits
detailed work plan to federal director
 Motor carrier submits information and
documentation required for permit
application (We will discuss permit
applications in Module 13)

18
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the conditions for this
special permit?





Daily limits and requirements may not apply
Work shift limits and requirements may not apply
Cycle limits and requirements may not apply
Daily log requirements may not apply
(We will discuss daily logs in Module 17)
Special conditions may apply to driver, carrier,
other parties, etc.
18
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 13: Permit Process
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Application process and obligations of permit
holders are the same for all permits
 How does a motor carrier apply for a permit?
 Who approves and issues a permit?
 What obligations does a motor carrier have
while operating under a permit?
 Can a permit be changed, cancelled or
suspended?
19
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Application for permits
 Approval and issuance of permits
 Obligations of permit holders
 Amendment, cancellation and suspension
of permits

© Microsoft®
19
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for a permit?
Application to the director must include:
 Name of motor carrier
 Names of the drivers who will operate a
commercial vehicle under the permit
 Driver licence numbers of drivers and
provinces of issuance
 List of commercial vehicles
19
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for a permit?
List of all accidents involving motor carrier
or any driver of motor carrier in 6 months
before date of application
 Requested duration of permit
 If commercial vehicle will be traveling
across provinces, detailed description of
load and provinces in which permit will
apply

19
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for a permit?
If commercial bus will be traveling across
provinces, detailed description of routes to
which the permit will apply
 Requested schedule
 Reasons for application, with supporting
evidence

© Microsoft®
19
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for a permit?
Copy of every permit issued to motor
carrier in previous 5 years (if requested)
 Identify any other permit application in 6
months before date of application
 Any other information relating to safety or
health of public, driver or employees of
motor carrier

19
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a motor carrier apply
for a permit?

Director may also require daily logs,
supporting documents or records of
on-duty times, for 6 months before
application date, of every driver
operating under the permit
19
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Who approves and issues a
permit?
Director (federal or provincial) approves
and issues permit
 Permit specifies:
 Reason for permit
 Duration for permit
– maximum 1 year
 Terms or conditions

© Microsoft®
19
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What obligations does a motor
carrier have while operating under a
permit?
Copy of permit in each commercial vehicle
that will operate under the permit
 List of commercial vehicles operating
under the permit and notify of any changes
 If requested, submit daily logs and
supporting documents of the drivers
operating under permit

19
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What obligations does a motor
carrier have while operating under a
permit?
Notify the director of any accident
involving any commercial vehicles
operating under the permit
 Ensure that every driver, who is
driving under the permit, follows
terms and conditions of permit

© Microsoft®
19
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Can a permit be amended,
cancelled or suspended?
Director who issues permit can amend,
cancel or suspend the permit if:
 Motor carrier or driver violates Regulations
or any condition of permit
 Safety and health of public, driver or
employees of motor carrier are at risk
20
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 14: Exemptions
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Situations when a driver is exempt from
driving, on-duty or off-duty limits:
 Emergencies
 Adverse driving conditions
 Driver traveling as a passenger
 Commercial vehicle used for personal use
20
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Emergencies
 Adverse driving conditions
 Traveling as a passenger
 Commercial vehicle for personal use

© Microsoft®
20
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is an emergency?
Sudden, urgent, unexpected situation that
requires immediate action
 Safety or security of people is at risk or
likely to be in jeopardy
 Does not include driver’s desire to get
home, shipper’s demands, loading/
unloading delays, market declines or a
shortage of drivers

20
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What can a driver do in an
emergency?
Driving, on-duty, off-duty, and cycle limits
do not apply in an emergency
 Drive to the first available safe location
 Remove persons and load from
emergency situation
 Record emergency in “Remarks” section
of daily log

20
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are adverse driving
conditions?
Snow, sleet, fog, or other adverse weather
conditions, that were not known to a driver
or a motor carrier immediately before
driver began driving from last place of rest
 Includes unusual road conditions
 Does not include delays at border
crossings

© Microsoft®
20
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What can a driver do in adverse
driving conditions (south of 60°N)?
Increase driving and on-duty time in the
cycle by up to 2 hours
 Decrease daily off-duty time by up to 2
hours

Daily Driving
Limit
Daily On-Duty
Limit
Daily Off-Duty
Requirement
13 hours
+ 2 hours
14 hours
+ 2 hours
10 hours
– 2 hours
= 15 hours
= 16 hours
= 8 hours
20
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What can a driver do in adverse
driving conditions (south of 60°N)?
Driver must stop driving after 16 hours of
elapsed time in a work shift
 Record adverse driving conditions in the
“Remarks” section of daily log

20
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
20
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of Adverse Driving
Condition Limits (South of Latitude
60°N)
Daily Limits (start time of 24-hour period specified by carrier)
 No driving after 13 hours driving + maximum 2-hour extension
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty + maximum 2-hour extension
 At least 8 hours of off-duty time which form part of 8 consecutive
core off-duty hours
Work Shift Limits (period between end of one core rest period and
start of next core rest period)
 No driving after 13 hours driving + maximum 2 hour extension
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty + maximum 2 hour extension
 No driving after 16 hours elapsed time (includes all time in work
shift)
21
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What can a driver do in adverse
driving conditions (north of 60°N)?
Increase driving time by up to 2 hours
 Driver must take required 8 consecutive
hours of off-duty time
 We will discuss driving north of latitude
60°N in detail in Module 16

© Microsoft®
21
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When is a driver traveling as a
passenger?
Motor carrier asks driver to travel as
passenger in commercial vehicle, car,
train, aircraft or boat to destination where
driver will begin driving
 Upon reaching the destination, driver
takes 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
before driving

21
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
21
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When is a driver traveling as a
passenger?

Co-driver (team driver) who has been, or
is about to be, the driver must rest in the
sleeper berth (cannot sleep on passenger
seat)
© Microsoft®
21
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use a commercial
vehicle for personal use?





Vehicle is unloaded
Any trailers are unhitched
Distance traveled does not exceed 75 kilometers
in a day (actual distance not radius distance)
Driver records odometer reading in logbook at
beginning and end of personal use
Driver is not subject of an out-of-service
declaration
21
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use a commercial
vehicle for personal use?
Using vehicle for personal use/reasons,
travel time is off-duty (example: use
commercial vehicle as a personal vehicle
for weekend)
 Returning to home terminal at end of work
shift, travel time is on-duty driving time
 Driving to home terminal to report for work,
travel time is off-duty

21
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example

If driver uses vehicle to perform business
for motor carrier, must record as on-duty
time
21
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 15: Ferries
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Drivers who travel more than 5 consecutive
hours by ferry are eligible for an off-duty
exemption
 How is the ferry duration time calculated?
 What are the requirements when traveling
by ferry?
21
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Requirements when traveling by ferry
© Microsoft®
22
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How is the ferry duration time
calculated?
Actual scheduled departure and arrival
times (i.e., actual “propeller-churning”
time)
 “Check-in and check-out” times are not
applicable (i.e., waiting time at the terminal
and off-loading time are not included)

22
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the requirements when
traveling by ferry?
Driver who travels more than 5
consecutive hours by ferry does not have
to take the 8 consecutive hours of core
off-duty time
 Driver must meet 4 conditions to
be eligible for off-duty exemption

© Microsoft®
22
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the requirements when
traveling by ferry?

Time spent in a sleeper berth while waiting at
the ferry terminal
+
Time spent in rest accommodations on the
ferry
+
Time spent at a rest stop located no more than
25 kilometers from the ferry disembarkation
point (off-loading point)
=
8 hours minimum
22
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the requirements when
traveling by ferry?
Driver records the hours listed in first
condition in the daily log as off-duty time
spent in a sleeper berth
 Driver keeps receipts for the ferry crossing
and rest accommodation fees
 Supporting documents are consistent with
daily log entries

22
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
22
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 16: North of 60
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Drivers face harsh driving conditions and
long stretches between communities north
of latitude 60°N so Regulations include a
modified set of rules for these drivers
 What are the requirements when traveling
north of 60?
22
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Driving, on-duty and work shift limits
 Off-duty requirements
 Sleeper berth rules for single
driver and team drivers
 Cycle limits, cycle resets
and cycle switching

© Microsoft®
22
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the driving limits when
traveling north of latitude 60°N?
Driving time limit increased by 2 hours
 Driver must stop driving after 15 hours
driving

Driving
Limit
13 hours
+ 2 hours
= 15 hours
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
15 HOURS
DRIVING
22
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the on-duty limits when
traveling north of latitude 60°N?
On-duty time limit increased by 4 hours
 Driver must stop driving after 18 hours
on-duty

On-Duty
Limit
14 hours
+ 4 hours
= 18 hours
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
18 HOURS
ON-DUTY
23
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the work shift limits when
traveling north of latitude 60°N?
Work shift limit increased by 4 hours
 Driver must stop driving after 20 hours on
a work shift

Work Shift
Limit
16 hours
+ 4 hours
= 20 hours
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
20 HOURS
ON WORK
SHIFT
23
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When do the limits apply?




Driver is eligible to apply new limits as soon as a
driver crosses the latitude 60°North
Driver does not have to record this change in
limits on daily log
When driver is north of latitude 60°, driver
applies north of 60° limits
When the driver is south of latitude 60°, driver
applies south of 60° limits
23
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the off-duty requirements
when traveling north of latitude
60°N?
Off-duty time decreased by 2 hours
 Driver must take 8 consecutive hours offduty (core rest period)

Daily Off-Duty
Requirement
10 hours
– 2 hours
= 8 hours
23
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the off-duty requirements
when traveling north of latitude
60°N?
Core Rest
Period
8 consecutive
off-duty hours
Work Shift
Core Rest
Period
8 consecutive
off-duty hours
23
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
a single driver when traveling north
of latitude 60°N?
Eligible Sleeper Berth Periods
 Sleeper berth period >= 2 hours
 This sleeper berth period + another sleeper
berth period >= 8 hours
 Driving time accumulated before and after the
sleeper berth period <= 15 hours
 No driving after 18 hours on-duty accumulated
before and after the sleeper berth period
23
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
a single driver when traveling north
of latitude 60°N?
Work Shift Limits When Using Sleeper Berth
 Stop driving after 15 hours of driving time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
 Stop driving after 18 hours of on-duty time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
23
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
a single driver when traveling north
of latitude 60°N?
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
15 HOURS
DRIVING
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
18 HOURS
ON-DUTY
23
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
team drivers when traveling north of
latitude 60°N?
Eligible Sleeper Berth Periods
 Sleeper berth period >= 4 hours
 This sleeper berth period + another sleeper
berth period >= 8 hours
 Driving time accumulated before and after the
sleeper berth period <= 15 hours
 No driving after 18 hours on-duty accumulated
before and after the sleeper berth period
23
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
team drivers when traveling north of
latitude 60°N?
Work Shift Limits When Using Sleeper Berth
 Stop driving after 15 hours of driving time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
 Stop driving after 18 hours of on-duty time
(before and after each eligible sleeper berth
period)
23
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the sleeper berth rules for
team drivers when traveling north of
latitude 60°N?
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
15 HOURS
DRIVING
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
18 HOURS
ON-DUTY
24
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How does a driver to switch to a
regular work shift (no sleeper
berth)?

8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
REST FOR 8
CONSECUTIVE
HOURS
24
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the cycle limits when
traveling north of latitude 60°N?
Cycle 1 – limits on-duty time over a period
of 7 days
 Cycle 2 – limit of on-duty time over a
period of 14 days
 Reach cycle limit - driver must stop driving

24
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the cycle resets when
traveling north of latitude 60°N?
Driver can take extended period of off-duty
time (cycle reset)
 After reset period – accumulated on-duty
hours set back to zero, driver starts new
cycle and resumes driving
 Driver does not have to take cycle reset –
driver can reduce hours so as not to
exceed cycle limits

24
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1
No driving after 80 hours on-duty time
during any period of 7 consecutive days
 Driver must take at least 36 consecutive
hours off-duty time to reset cycle

STOP DRIVING
AFTER
80 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN
7 DAYS
24
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday





10 hours
on-duty
16 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
Friday
Saturday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty

10 hours
on-duty
24
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 1 Example
Sunday
Monday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
12 hours
on-duty
14 hours
on-duty
    
10 hours
on-duty
Saturday
    
11 hours
on-duty
10 hours
on-duty
Friday
10 hours
on-duty
13 hours
on-duty
15 hours
on-duty
11 hours
on-duty
11 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
12 hours
off-duty
Start a new
cycle –
resume
driving
24
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sliding Window
Day #
Total On-Duty for Day
Total On-Duty for 7 Days
1
11
2
12
3
14
4
11
5
11
6
10
7
10
79
8
10
78
9
13
79
10
15
80
24
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2
No driving after 120 hours on-duty time in
any period of 14 consecutive days
 Driver can’t exceed 80 hours of on-duty
time without taking at least 24 consecutive
hours off-duty time
 Driver must take at least 72
consecutive hours off-duty time
to reset cycle

STOP DRIVING
AFTER
120 HOURS
ON-DUTY IN
14 DAYS
24
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Off-Duty
    
12 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
 
10 hours
on-duty
12 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty

8 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
14 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
Friday
Off-Duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
Saturday
Off-Duty

24 hours
off-duty
10 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
STOP
DRIVIN
G
STOP
DRIVING

12 hours
on-duty
24
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Cycle 2 Example
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Off-Duty
Off-Duty
Off-Duty







14 hours
on-duty
16 hours
on-duty
8 hours
on-duty
7 hours
on-duty
7 hours
on-duty
10 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty






24 hours
off-duty
9 hours
on-duty
7 hours
on-duty
9 hours
off-duty
4 hours
on-duty
4 hours
on-duty
4 hours
on-duty






10 hours
on-duty
11 hours
on-duty
7 hours
on-duty
15 hours
on-duty
18 hours
on-duty
4 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVING
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVING

18 hours
on-duty
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
STOP
DRIVING
24 hours
off-duty
Start a
new
cycle –
resume
driving
25
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Sliding Window
Day #
Total On-Duty for Day
Total On-Duty for 14 Days
1
14
2
16
3
8
4
7
5
7
6
10
7
18
8
0
9
9
10
7
11
9
12
4
13
4
14
4
117
15
10
113
16
11
108
17
7
107
18
15
115
19
0
108
20
18
116
21
4
102
22
18
120
25
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is “mandatory 24 hours offduty”?

No driving after 14 consecutive days
(regardless of number of
on-duty hours in cycle)
STOP
DRIVING
AFTER
14 DAYS
ON-DUTY

After 14 consecutive days on-duty, driver
must take at least 24 consecutive hours
off-duty time before driver resumes driving
25
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Day Off Example
Sunday
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
     
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
      
On-duty

On-duty
On-duty
STOP
DRIVIN
G
24 hours
off-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
    
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
On-duty
25
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How do drivers switch cycles?
Switch from Cycle 1 to Cycle 2 –
36 consecutive hours off-duty time
 Switch from Cycle 2 to Cycle 1 –
72 consecutive hours off-duty time

25
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of North of 60 Limits
Daily Off-Duty Requirement
 At least 8 hours off-duty
Work Shift Limits
No Sleeper Berth Used:
 No driving after 15 hours driving
 No driving after 18 hours on-duty
 No driving after 20 hours elapsed time (includes all time in work shift)
Single Driver Using Sleeper Berth:
 No driving after 15 hours driving on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 18 hours on-duty on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in sleeper berth)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 2 hours; total for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 8 hours)
Team Drivers Using Sleeper Berth:
 No driving after 15 hours driving on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 18 hours on-duty on either side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in sleeper berth)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 4 hours; total for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 8 hours)
25
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Summary of North of 60 Limits
Cycle Limits (cycle specified by carrier)
Cycle 1:
 No driving after 80 hours on-duty in any 7 consecutive days
 At least 36 consecutive hours off-duty (to reset cycle)
Cycle 2:
 No driving after 120 hours on-duty in any 14 consecutive days
 No driving after 70 hours on-duty at any time in the cycle without
taking 24 consecutive hours off-duty
 At least 72 consecutive hours off-duty (to reset cycle)
Day Off:
 No driving after 14 consecutive days (regardless of the number of
on-duty hours) without taking at least 24 consecutive hours off-duty
25
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 17: Daily Logs
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Commercial vehicle drivers must fill out a daily log
each day that accounts for all of the driver’s
on-duty and off-duty time for that day
 What is required in a daily log?
 What are the rules regarding the possession,
production and distribution of daily logs?
 What happens if there is tampering to a daily
log?
25
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Daily log requirements
 Possession of daily logs and documents
 Production of daily logs
 Distribution and keeping of daily logs
 Tampering with daily logs

© Microsoft®
25
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is required in a daily log?
Start of each day
 Date and start time (if other than midnight)
 Driver name and co-driver name
(if applicable)
 Declaration of Cycle 1 or Cycle 2
 Licence (unit) numbers
 Odometer reading at start of day
© Microsoft®
26
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is required in a daily log?
Start of each day (continued)
 Motor carrier name and principal place of
business address
 Home terminal address of motor carrier
 “Remarks” section – Use of off-duty deferral and
if Day 1 or Day 2 (if applicable)
 “Remarks” section - Total number of on-duty and
off-duty hours on any day during previous
14-day period when a log page was not required
26
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is required in a daily log?
During each day
 Hours for each duty status
 Location of each change of duty status
 Start and end odometer readings when
commercial vehicle used for personal use
 “Remarks” section – any extension to driving,
on-duty or elapsed time (work shift) because of
emergency or adverse driving conditions
26
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is required in a daily log?
End of each day
 Total hours for each duty status
 Odometer reading at end of day
 Total distance driven excluding any
distance driven for personal use
 Driver signature
© Microsoft®
26
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
26
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
26
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
26
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the rules regarding the
possession of daily logs?
Must possess the following before starting to drive:
 Copy of the daily logs for preceding 14 days
 Daily log for current day, completed up to time
when last change of duty status occurred
 Any supporting documents or relevant records
that driver receives during the current trip receipts for meals, fuel, or repairs; bills of lading;
violation tickets and roadside inspections
26
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the rules regarding the
production of daily logs?
Must produce the following for inspector:
 Daily logs and supporting documents and
other relevant records for current trip
 Daily logs for preceding 14 days
 Any permit(s) under which
the driver is operating
© Microsoft®
26
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the rules regarding the
distribution and keeping of daily
logs?

Within 20 days after completing daily log,
driver must forward the original daily log
and supporting documents to home
terminal
© Microsoft®
26
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the rules regarding the
tampering with daily logs?
Daily log tampering violations:
 Driver keeps more than one daily log for any day
 Driver records inaccurate information in daily log
(handwritten or electronic device)
 Driver falsifies, mutilates or defaces daily log or
supporting documents
 Inspector can issue out-of-service declaration for
any of the violations
27
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 18: Radius Exemption
– 160 Kilometers
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Some drivers may qualify for a daily log
exemption
 What criteria must a driver meet to qualify
for a daily log exemption?
 What is a record of duty status?
 What documentation does an exempt
driver need to possess?
27
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Daily log exemption
 Record of duty status
 Documentation for exempt drivers

© Microsoft®
27
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What criteria must a driver meet to
qualify for a daily log exemption?




Driver operates a commercial vehicle within a
radius of 160 kilometers of home terminal
Driver returns to home terminal each day to start
minimum 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
Driver works for motor carrier that maintains
record of duty status
Driver is not driving under a permit issued under
these Regulations
27
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a record of duty status?
Motor carrier must maintain a record of duty
status that includes:
 Driver’s name and date
 Driver’s duty status and elected
cycle
 Hour at which each duty status
begins and ends
© Microsoft®
27
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a record of duty status?




Total number of hours spent in each duty status
for each day
Use of off-duty deferral and if Day 1 or Day 2 (if
applicable)
Use of adverse driving and emergency
exemptions (if applicable)
Odometer readings for any personal use of the
commercial vehicle (if applicable)
27
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
Duty Status Codes
1 = Off-Duty
2 = Driving
3 = On-Duty, Not Driving
2007 Record of Duty Status
Driver’s Name:
Month: February
Year: 2007
Start time for the day: Midnight
Date
27
Duty Status
1
3
2
3
Time Started
at
0:00
6:00
6:30
7:30
Time Finished
at
6:00
6:30
7:30
6.0
0.5
1.0
Time spent
Remarks:
2
3
1
9:30
10:45
12:15
13:45
17:30
Off-Duty: 14.0
9:30
10:45
12:15
13:45
17:30
24:00
Driving:
2.0
1.25
1.5
1.5
4.0
6.5
Cycle 1: X
2
1
Cycle 2:
Total Time
6.0
On-Duty, Not
Driving:
4.0
Total:
24.0
Note: Record the following in the Remarks section:
1. Deferral of off-duty time
2. Driver extends driving time or reduces off-duty time because of unforeseen adverse driving condition or an
emergency
3. Driver uses vehicle for personal use (odometer readings)
27
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
27
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
Record of Duty Status
(For drivers operating within 160 km of home terminal)
Driver’s Name:
Month: February
Year: 2007
Start time for the day: Midnight
Date
Duty Status
Time Block from/to (every hour of the day must be accounted for)
24 hour day
Total hours for each duty
status
Time Started at
0:00
6:00
6:30
7:30
9:30
10:45
12:15
13:45
17:30
Time Finished at
6:00
6:30
7:30
9:30
10:45
12:15
13:45
17:30
24:00
Time Off-Duty
6.0
1.5
6.5
Off-Duty:
14.0
27
Time Driving
Time On-Duty not
driving
Remarks:
1.0
0.5
1.25
2.0
3.75
1.5
Cycle 1: X
Cycle 2:
Driving:
6.0
On-Duty,
not driving:
4.0
Total:
24.0
Note: Record the following in the Remarks section:
1. Deferral of off-duty time
2. Driver extends driving time or reduces off-duty time because of unforeseen adverse driving condition or an emergency
3. Driver uses vehicle for personal use (odometer readings)
27
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Example
28
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Can a motor carrier simplify the
record of duty status for delivery
and school bus drivers?
Motor carrier can combine the periods of
driving time on a record of duty status
 Motor carrier can combine the periods of
on-duty time (other than driving) on a
record of duty status

© Microsoft®
28
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Simplified Record of Duty Status
Record of Duty Status
(For drivers operating within 160 km of home terminal)
Driver’s Name:
Month:
Year:
Start time for the day: Midnight
Date
Duty Status
Time Block from/to (every hour of the day must be accounted for)
24 hour day
Time Started at
0:00
7:00
9:30
14:00
16:15
Time Finished at
7:00
9:30
14:00
16:15
24:00
Time Off-Duty
7.00
0:30
4:30
Total hours for each
duty status
7:45
Off-Duty:
19:45
27
Remarks:
Time Driving
1:15
1:45
Driving:
3:00
Time On-Duty not
driving
0:45
0:30
On-Duty,
not driving:
1:15
Total:
24.0
Cycle 1: X
Cycle 2:
28
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What documentation does an
exempt driver need to possess?
Any supporting documents or relevant
records that the driver receives during the
current trip - receipts for meals, fuel, or
repairs; bills of lading; tickets and
inspections
 Driver must be able to explain to the
inspector why the driver qualifies for daily
log exemption

28
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What does a driver need to do when
a motor carrier changes the location
of the home terminal?

On the day that the trip from the old
location to the new location occurs, driver
must record the change using a daily log
because driver has not returned to normal
home terminal
© Microsoft®
28
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What does a driver need to do when
the driver exceeds the 160-kilometer
radius?



Fill out daily log for day the driver does not
qualify for exemption
Record all driving hours in day regardless of
whether driver qualified for exemption or not
Record, in the Remarks section of the daily log,
number of off-duty and on-duty hours for each
day in the previous 14 days
28
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
28
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 19: Electronic
Recording Devices
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®




Electronic recording device is alternative to daily
log
Device is installed in a commercial vehicle and
records each period of duty status for driver
Electronic recording device must meet specific
conditions
When can a driver use an electronic recording
device?
28
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Electronic recording device conditions for
use
© Microsoft®
28
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use an
electronic recording device?
Must meet the following conditions:
 Device records time spent in each period of duty
status
 Information contained in the device is same
information that driver would record on daily log
in paper format
 Device automatically records when it is
disconnected and reconnected and keeps a
record of time and date of these occurrences
29
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use an
electronic recording device?
Must meet the following conditions:
 Device is capable of displaying:
 Driving time and other on-duty time for each
day
 Total on-duty time remaining and total on-duty
time accumulated in cycle used by driver
 Sequential changes in duty status and time at
which each change occurred
29
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use an
electronic recording device?
Must meet the following conditions:
 Driver signs each hard copy page of daily
log when generated from information
stored in device to verify its accuracy
 If requested by an inspector, driver is able
to prepare handwritten daily log from
information stored in device
29
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
When can a driver use an
electronic recording device?
Must meet the following conditions:
 If requested by an inspector, driver must provide
information for previous 14 days:
On digital display screen of device
 In handwritten form
 On printout or any other readable output
 Any combination of above


© Microsoft®
Motor carrier provides blank daily log forms in
commercial vehicle for driver’s use
29
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 20: Out-of-Service
Declarations
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
If a driver violates maximum allowable
driving times and minimum required offduty times, driver can be subject to an outof-service declaration
 What is an out-of-service declaration?
 What happens if a driver is subject to an
out-of-service declaration?
29
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Out-of-service declaration
© Microsoft®
29
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is an out-of-service
declaration?
Director or inspector can issue out-ofservice declaration for 5 types of violations
 Director or inspector notifies driver and
carrier in writing
 Driver cannot operate a commercial
vehicle while subject to out-of-service
declaration

29
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Out-of-Service Violation #1
Driver's faculties are impaired to point
where it is unsafe for driver to drive or
driving would risk the safety or health of
the public
 Out-of-Service Period
- 10 consecutive hours (from
time of check)

© Microsoft®
29
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Out-of-Service Violation #2
Driver exceeds driving time limits
 Out-of-Service Period
- 10 consecutive hours
 Driver fails to meet off-duty time
requirement
 Out-of-Service Period
- Number of hours needed to correct
failure

29
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Out-of-Service Violation #3
Driver is unable or refuses to produce
his/her daily logbook
 Out-of-Service Period
- 72 consecutive hours (from time of
check)

© Microsoft®
30
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Out-of-Service Violation #4
Evidence that driver completed more than
one daily log, entered inaccurate
information in the daily log or falsified
information in the daily log
 Out-of-Service Period
- 72 consecutive hours (from time of
check)

30
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Out-of-Service Violation #5
Driver mutilates or defaces daily log or
supporting document in such a way that
the director or inspector cannot determine
whether the driver has followed the driving
time and off-duty requirements
 Out-of-Service Period
- 72 consecutive hours (from time
of check)

© Microsoft®
30
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 21: Inspections and
Authorities
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Federal Commercial Vehicle Hours of Service
Regulations give inspectors the authority to
enter a commercial vehicle or a motor carrier’s
home terminal or principal place of business to
conduct an inspection
 Who is an inspector?
 What authorities does an inspector have?
 What documents does a motor carrier need to
make available for inspection?
30
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Inspectors

Inspector authority

Documents required
for inspection
© Microsoft®
30
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Who is an inspector?
Two groups of officers are “inspectors”:
 Peace officers
 Any other person designated by a director
 In Alberta,
Commercial Vehicle Enforcement
Officers, Carrier Services Investigators and
Vehicle Safety Investigators are inspectors
30
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What authorities does an
inspector have?

During business hours, inspector can
enter motor carrier’s home terminal or
principal place of business to inspect daily
logs, supporting documents and other
relevant records
© Microsoft®
30
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What authorities does an
inspector have?

Examples of supporting documents:
 Fuel, toll and ferry receipts
 Accommodation and meal receipts
 Shipping documents, manifests, trip
envelopes, bills of lading
 Any enforcement documents (violation
reports, notice and orders, CVSA reports)
30
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What authorities does an
inspector have?
At any time, inspector can stop and enter
commercial vehicle to inspect daily logs
and supporting documents (Module 17)
 At any time, inspector can stop
commercial vehicle and enter its sleeper
berth to verify that sleeper berth meets
sleeper berth requirements (Module 8)

30
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What authorities does an
inspector have?
 No
person can obstruct or hinder, or
knowingly make any false or
misleading statements whether orally
or in writing to director or inspector
under these Regulations
© Microsoft®
31
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What documents does a motor
carrier need to make available for
inspection?
Daily logs, supporting documents and
other relevant records
 Any permit under which driver is / was
operating

31
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What documents does a motor
carrier need to make available for
inspection?
Inspector will do the following:
 Immediately return permit if it is a current permit
and provide a receipt for any expired permit as
well as for daily logs, supporting documents and
other relevant records
 Return expired permits, daily logs, supporting
documents and other relevant records within 14
days after receiving them
31
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Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 22: Detecting Falsified
Logs
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Drivers may falsify daily log by driving
while recording off-duty or sleeper
berth time, or failing to accurately
record on-duty or driving time
 How can inspectors detect falsified
logbooks?
31
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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Detecting falsified logbooks
© Microsoft®
31
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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Why do drivers falsify their
logbooks?
Money
 Family
 Shipper
 Carrier
 Body Clock

© Microsoft®
31
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How do drivers falsify daily
logs?
Compression
 Dropped Trip
 Ghost Driver
 Failing to Record On-Duty Time
 Driving While Recording Off-Duty or
Sleeper Berth Time

© Microsoft®
31
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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How should an inspector
conduct a driver interview?
Know the territory
 Use systematic interview procedure

© Microsoft®
31
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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Systematic Interview Procedure
1) Greet the driver
2) Engage in small talk and establish
rapport
3) Listen to what the driver says
4) Do a visual inspection of the cab
5) Obtain basic documents
6) Obtain logbook
31
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How can an inspector detect a
falsified logbook?

Physical Indicators
 Examine
condition of logbook
 Inspect for missing pages
 Check for loose pages in logbook
 Check for originals in logbook
© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How can an inspector detect a
falsified logbook?

Obvious Indicators
 Check
for currency
 Check entries for reasonableness
 Look for obvious violations of Hours of
Service rules
 Observe time and distance
 Compare driver and co-driver logs
32
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What supporting documentation can
an inspector use to verify a
logbook?
Trip envelope
 Fuel receipts
 Shipping papers
 Meal receipts
 Toll receipts

© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What supporting documentation can
an inspector use to verify a
logbook?







Warning notices
Tickets
Special permits
Weight tickets
Driver / vehicle inspection reports
Tach card
Other time-dated materials
© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What outside resources can an
inspector use to verify a logbook?
Company / Dispatcher
 Shipper
 Port of entry or other law enforcement
agencies

© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How should an inspector confront a
driver who has falsified a logbook?
Make a direct statement to driver about
suspicions
 Try to keep interview friendly for as long as
possible, focusing discussion on
discrepancies in the documents
 Inspector can place a driver out-of-service
or prohibit a driver from driving for falsified
log (refer to Module 23)

32
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 23: Enforcement
Action
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Inspectors can use a five-step guide to
check for compliance with Regulations
 How does an officer check for
compliance?
 What happens if a driver is not in
compliance?
32
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?

Compliance checks

Enforcement action
© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
How can an officer check for
compliance with the Regulations?
Five-step guide to check for compliance:
 Ensure log is current to last change of duty
status
 Ensure logbook is true and accurate
 Check the day
 Check the work shift
 Check the cycle
© Microsoft®
32
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 1 - Ensure the Log Is Current to
Last Change of Duty Status




Note time when driver was stopped
Note time and date of last entry in logbook (copy
log and then allow driver to update logbook from
last change of duty status to time when driver
stopped)
If driver claims to be a 160-kilometre radius
exemption driver, check criteria (Module 18)
Be aware that times recorded in logbook reflect
local time at driver’s home terminal
33
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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 1 - Ensure the Log Is Current to
Last Change of Duty Status




Check logbook form and manner (check for
required entries)
Ensure full 24 hours recorded for each day
Check that driver possesses daily log for current
day plus copies of daily logs for previous 14
days (refer to Module 17)
Check that driver has supporting
documentation for current trip
© Microsoft®
33
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 2 - Ensure Logbook Is True
and Accurate
Review bills of lading, fuel receipts, trip
permits, toll receipts, custom documents,
violation notices, inspection reports,
payroll records, meal receipts, and then
compare dates, times, and locations with
those in logbook
 Check distance traveled against
driving time

© Microsoft®
33
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 2 - Ensure Logbook Is True
and Accurate
Question driver about discrepancies
between logbook and supporting
documents
 If discrepancy can’t be resolved,
determine if the driver produced a false
logbook or an inaccurate logbook
 If inspector determines logbook is false,
driver can be placed out-of-service (refer
to Enforcement Action later in this module)

33
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 2 - Ensure Logbook Is True
and Accurate
If driver continues to produce false
logbook on subsequent demands, driver
not permitted to drive (out-of-service)
 Once driver produces true and accurate
logbook, continue with steps 3 - 5

33
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 3 – Check the Day



No driving after 13 hours driving
No driving after 14 hours on-duty
At least 10 hours off-duty before driver can
drive again
© Microsoft®
8
consecutive off-duty hours (i.e., core rest
period)
 2 additional off-duty hours (blocks ≥ 30
minutes) that are not part of 8 consecutive
hours
33
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 3 – Check the Day
If driver used deferral of off-duty time option:
 Total driving time in 2 days ≤ 26 hours
 Total off-duty time in 2 days ≥ 20 hours
 At least 8 consecutive hours off-duty in
Day 1
 10
consecutive hours plus 2 additional hours
off-duty in Day 2
33
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 4 – Check the Work Shift
No Sleeper Berth (Module 6)
 No driving after 13 hours driving in a work
shift
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty in a work
shift
 No driving after 16 hours
elapsed time
© Microsoft®
33
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 4 – Check the Work Shift
Single Driver Using Sleeper Berth (Module 8)
 No driving after 13 hours driving on either side of
each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty on either side
of each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 16 hours elapsed time on either
side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in eligible sleeper berth period)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 2 hours and total
for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 10 hours)
33
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 4 – Check the Work Shift
Team Drivers Using Sleeper Berth (Module 8)
 No driving after 13 hours driving on either side of
each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 14 hours on-duty on either side
of each eligible sleeper berth period
 No driving after 16 hours elapsed time on either
side of each eligible sleeper berth period
(excluding time in eligible sleeper berth period)
(Eligible sleeper berth period ≥ 4 hours and total
for 2 eligible sleeper berth periods ≥ 8 hours.
Require 2 additional hours of off-duty time)
33
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Core Rest Options
Type
Option
Description
Single Driver – No
Sleeper Berth
1
8 consecutive and uninterrupted hours offduty
Single Driver – Sleeper
Berth
1
10 consecutive and uninterrupted hours
off-duty in the sleeper berth
2
Two separate eligible sleeper berth
periods that total 10 hours, with each
period in the sleeper berth a minimum of 2
hours duration
1
8 consecutive and uninterrupted hours offduty in the sleeper berth
2
Two separate eligible sleeper berth
periods that total 8 hours, with each
period in the sleeper berth a minimum of 4
hours duration
Team Drivers – Sleeper
Berth
34
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Step 5 – Check the Cycle



Cycle 1 - limit of 70 hours on-duty time over a
period of 7 consecutive days
Cycle 2 - limit of 120 hours of on-duty time over
a period of 14 consecutive days (with at least 24
consecutive hours off-duty time before reaching
70 hours of on-duty time)
Day Off Regardless of Cycle – 24 consecutive
hours off-duty in preceding 14 days
34
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Number of
days in
Cycle
Calendar
date
Total onduty hours
Total hours
accumulated
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Total Hours___________
Hours Over __________
Date eligible to drive _________
for _____________hours
34
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What enforcement action is
available to inspector?
Issue a verbal warning to driver explaining
violation(s)
 Issue a written warning (Commercial
Vehicle Inspection Report) to driver
outlining violation(s)

 Report
can also serve as out-of-service
declaration (Module 20)
34
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What enforcement action is
available to officer?

Issue an appearance notice to driver and
then complete a long-form information
formally charging the driver with the
violation(s)
34
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
34
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
34
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle
Drivers Hours of
Service
Module 24: Daily Log Audits
February 2007
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
© Microsoft®
Motor carriers and Carrier Services
Investigators monitor driver compliance
with the Regulations using daily log audits
 What are the motor carrier’s
responsibilities?
 What is a daily log audit?
34
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What will I learn in this module?
Motor carrier responsibilities
 Daily log audit

© Microsoft®
34
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What are the motor carrier’s
responsibilities?
Distribute and keep daily logs
 Prevent daily log tampering
 Monitor driver compliance with
Regulations
 Produce daily logs and supporting
documents for inspection

35
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Distribute and Keep Daily Logs
Deposit daily logs and supporting
documents at its principal place of
business within 30 days after receiving
them from driver
 Keep daily logs and supporting documents
in chronological order for each driver for a
minimum of 6 months

35
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Prevent Daily Log Tampering
No one can alter a daily log, electronic log
or scanned log
 If Safety Officer finds an error on a daily
log and wants to “correct” a log, officer
must copy log and edit the copy
 Cannot alter original record because it is a
legal document

35
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Monitor Driver Compliance with
the Regulations
Motor carriers are liable for actions of their
employees even if the carrier contends
that it did not require or permit violations to
occur
 Neither intent to commit, nor actual
knowledge of a violation is a necessary
element of liability

35
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Monitor Driver Compliance with
the Regulations

Carriers “permit” violations of Regulations
by their employees if they fail to have
management systems in place that
effectively prevent such violations
© Microsoft®
35
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Monitor Driver Compliance with
the Regulations
Motor carrier needs to conduct internal
daily log audit
 Verify that all drivers have a record for all
calendar days
 Check all drivers to ensure that drivers
apply the Regulations to all roads, both
public and private (forestry roads), as well
as waterways (ferries) in Canada

35
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Monitor Driver Compliance with
the Regulations
Check all drivers for all form and manner
compliance (i.e., name, date, etc.)
 Check all drivers in detail at least once a
year for fatigue-related violations (i.e.,
driving over hours, two logs for 1 day, false
logs, etc.)
 Have written policies in their Safety
program

35
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Produce Daily Logs and Supporting
Documents for Inspection
Motor carrier must make available for
inspection:
 Daily logs, supporting documents and
other relevant records
 Any permit under which the
driver is operating or has
been operating
© Microsoft®
35
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
Produce Daily Logs and Supporting
Documents for Inspection
Investigator will do the following:
 Immediately return permit (if current permit)
 Give carrier a receipt for any expired permit as
well as daily logs, supporting documents and
other relevant records
 Return expired permits, daily logs, supporting
documents and other relevant records within 14
days after receiving them
35
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Process for testing accuracy and
completeness of information contained in
a driver’s daily logs
 Carrier Services Investigators conduct
daily log audits and issue reports on
results of the audit

35
HoS Presentation - 9
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Consults with Manager of
Investigations prior to audit start
 Recognizes that audit is not
a one- or two-day process
© Microsoft®
36
HoS Presentation - 0
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Confirms motor carrier’s full legal name, motor
vehicle identification (MVID) and National Safety
Code (NSC) identification details
 Gathers all available data on carrier history
 Establishes game plan prior to meeting with
carrier
36
HoS Presentation - 1
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Provides motor carrier with a detailed
description of audit process
 Ensures that carrier understands that
charges may be laid or an Administrative
Penalty may be levied as a result of audit
36
HoS Presentation - 2
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Follows established document sampling
procedures
 Does not take a sample that will require
use of carrier’s current accounting records
as this may disrupt carrier’s business too
much
36
HoS Presentation - 3
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Does not demand records and supporting
documents to which investigator has no
right
 Obtains MVID and
Operator’s licence of all
drivers sampled
© Microsoft®
36
HoS Presentation - 4
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Copies two sets of daily logs, one clean copy
initialed and dated for court purposes and
second for notes, to accompany investigator’s
final report and audit report for carrier’s review
 Tests to see if logbook entries look reasonable
36
HoS Presentation - 5
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Completes “Driver's Hours of Service
Worksheets” (Complete Hours of Service in
Audit section of ARC Program), one for each
driver reviewed
 Investigator submits these worksheets with
Audit report (Complete Audit Report in ARC
Program)
36
HoS Presentation - 6
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Identifies on worksheet, all hours worked and
violations identified
 Uses same violation guidelines
contained in ARC Audit Manual
 Calculates all daily, work shift and
cycle violations
© Microsoft®
36
HoS Presentation - 7
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Checks off form and manner violations by
exception (i.e., marks those items missing
on each daily log)
 If investigator finds a work shift violation,
investigator notes shift start and end times
adjacent to dates involved
36
HoS Presentation - 8
Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service
What is a daily log audit?
Carrier Services Investigator performs the
following activities:
 Arranges and identifies daily logs,
worksheets and supporting documents
alphabetically by driver
36
HoS Presentation - 9

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