2 ref 1 lines ppt

2 Referee/1Linesman
Hockey Canada
This resource is provided to illustrate and demonstrate the Two
Referee 1 Linesman System policies and procedures of Hockey
Canada. Hockey Canada would like to thank the SHA for their
1. Officials Ability to handle responsibility switch roles similar to
two man system
2. Communication
3. Teamwork
4. Respect for Fellow Officials
5. Integrity of the Game
• Rationale:
With the emphasis on standard of play and the calling of penalties
implemented in the 2006-2007 season it was felt that this is
difficult to accomplish with one official calling penalties. However
due to the lack of availability of qualified officials and cost, the
four official system was not an option. The goal was then to
develop a system to provide better ice coverage for penalty
selection as well as the other game situations that occurred.
Start of the Game/Neutral Ice and End Zone
End Zone Positioning – Sight Lines
Procedural Responsibilities
Line Change/ Icing/ Gathering and Fight
Offside Responsibilities
Calling Penalties
Linesman Responsibilities
Start of the Game and Neutral Ice
FACE OFF NOTE: all face-offs will be handled by
the lineman with regards to the dropping of the
puck. Both referees will be responsible for the
calling of encroachment at center ice and the trail
referee in all other situations.
Center ice- the referees will position themselves
at the blue-lines and are responsible for the offside at their line until the linesman can position
him/herself to take over.
Neutral Zone Face-off Spots- the lead referee
will position himself in the end-zone as he would
for any face-off. The trail referee will establish
the position normally taken by the other linesman
and be responsible to hold the line unless play goes
up ice or the linesman is in a position to cover the
line. Both referees will be on the same side of the
ice at this time.
End Zone Face-Off
End Zone Face-offs- the lead referee will take the position on the
opposite side of the ice from the face-off. The trail referee will
position himself on the same side of the ice as the lead referee and
hold the line just outside the line until the linesman gets to the line.
Rationale for both referees on the same side: When the trail referee
was on the same side as the linesman it leads to a clutter and at times
was difficult to get a good position to make the proper call at the line.
Often the linesman got trapped and the trail referee was in traffic and
if play broke quickly, the trail referee was caught holding the line or
breaking with the play. This system, although requires a switch at a
safe time, enabled the best coverage at the line and the ability to break
without a lot of traffic if needed so the far blue-line can be covered.
Note 1- during this time the trail referee will have the dual role of
watching for picks off the draw and covering the line if the puck comes
back. There may be a period of time when the focus must be that of
watching the puck rather than for infractions.
Note 2- either referee will switch sides when the play warrants.
End Zone Positioning – Sight Lines
The lead Referee will prepare to move into the end zone,
skating backwards, ahead of the play and not obstructing the
view of the Linesman. The trailing Referee will follow the
flow of the play, staying behind, keeping the last attacking
player in clear view.
NOTE: This positioning, going into the end zone may change,
based on the movement of players when in pursuit of the
puck. The Referee will use good judgment and anticipation
with respect to movement of the puck to move to the
opposite side of the ice. (In the OHA this is discouraged, but
will be accepted only when no other recourse is available).
The trailing Referee does not have to immediately adjust his
position, but may do so, only when player position allows
this and to ensure good sight lines into his partner’s end.
If the note above becomes applicable (flowing as needed
and even behind the net) it is important that the
Trailing/Back Referee to wait a moment to see if it is ‘ok’ to
switch sides. If the play remains in the end zone it is ‘ok’ to
have both Referees on the same side, until they are sure
that they will not get ‘caught’ by switching sides.
Note: This is the expected sight lines however prior to an
end zone face-off the sight lines will be altered with both
referees on the same side until the play allows a switch for
one referee switch sides to these sight lines
Procedural Responsibilities
The referee closest to the bench will perform the line-change procedure.
Line-change procedure after a penalty call- the referee not making the call will direct traffic
at the benches. This official will also be responsible to watch the players for any possible
the lead referee will be responsible to blow the play down for all icing situations. He will not
raise his arm.
Gatherings/Fight Procedure• Gatherings/Fight Procedure- the linesman and trail
referee will be responsible to get to the gatherings as
quickly as possible along with the trail referee similar
to a three man system. The lead referee would get
involved as he would in a normal one referee, two
linesman system. If a fight was to break out the back
referee will come in as the second linesman. The lead
referee will be responsible for infractions occurring
while his partner is involved with altercation as well as
getting players back to the benches and identifying if
someone comes off the bench.
• Note 1- Both referees may call penalties
during this time but must communicate
after the completion of the play.
• Note 2- If a gathering takes place in the
neutral zone, the centre line will be the
determining factor as to which referee gets
involved. If the gathering is directly at
center ice, the officials will decide before
the game as to who will be the referee to
act as the linesman.
Offside Responsibilities
Off-side SituationsThe lead referee will be responsible for timing their skating to be at
the blue-line when the play arrives. It is important to be at the line
but be ready to move into the end zone as soon as possible. There
may be times that working the line as a linesman would is the best
way to make the right call at the line. If the play is on delay the lead
referee will point his arm out parallel to the ice in the direction of
the player who is off-side, until the play is complete. If that player
clears the zone but his team mates have not cleared the zone, the
referee will simply point at the zone. The linesman will not take over
the call when he arrives. For this system to be effective this is a
critical part of the lead referee’s responsibility. We understand that
the focus must shift at this time but the trail referee will watch for
penalty infractions as they would with a one referee system.
Note 1- if the play stops the lead referee must also stop near enough
to make a call at the line if the linesman has not yet arrived.
Calling Penalties
Penalty procedure- the referee calling the penalty will do the penalty
procedure and give the signal at the infraction as well as the penalty box.
Note 1- It is perfectly acceptable to have both referees with their arms up
and is encouraged if the infraction is in the sight lines of both referees. If
this is the case communicate to the other official as to whom you are
calling. If both have the same infraction, the official closest to the
infraction will perform the procedure. If there are two different
infractions, the lead official will make both penalty signals and report the
Note 2- in most cases only one team is penalized, therefore the linesman
will be able to escort this player to the penalty box and the referee not
calling will watch for any potential problems and then will get the puck
for the linesman when it is safe to do so. If there was an altercation
between two players the trail referee involved in breaking up the
situation will be responsible for escorting one of the players.
Note 3- If the trail official has a delayed penalty on and the play
continues up the ice, at the stoppage a gathering occurs, this official
must then get to the gathering to become involved as his role as a
linesman. He will then communicate with the lead referee to see if any
additional penalties are being called at the penalty box. For this
situation, after the discussion the trail official will perform the penalty
procedure. If only one penalty is being called, after everything is calmed,
the trail official who had the delay on will perform the penalty procedure.
Linesman Responsibilities
Face-offs- the linesman will be responsible for dropping all pucks at each stoppage
of play. This will include center ice face-offs.
Icing situations- the linesman will be responsible for the initiation of all icing calls.
Off-side situations- once the play is in the end zone, the linesman will be required to
get to the line and cover that line for all possible off-side situations. The linesman
will get support from the referee closest to the line and be responsible to call offside situations until the linesman is able to take over.
Note: if a referee initiates an off-side situation, he will complete the delay
situation until it is complete. The linesman will not take over the delay.
Gatherings- the linesman will be responsible to get to the gatherings as quickly as possible and
work with the trail referee in breaking up players. If a fight was to break out the trail referee
would assume the responsibility of a linesman with the other linesman support. This would be
the same as the two linesman system as both officials will be coming from a distance. The lead
referee should still display presence and do what he can to diffuse situations.
Penalty procedure- the linesman will escort the player quickly to the penalty box and then
proceed to the face-off location. Once the situation has calmed, the referee will pick up the
puck for the linesman.

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