Sentence Patterns - Brookwood High School

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SENTENCE PATTERNS
M S .
P E N N E L L
B H S
2 0 1 3
WHAT ARE SENTENCE PATTERNS?
• In the Gwinnett County Public School System, sentence
patterns keep track of the sentence parts in any given
sentence. The easiest way for a student to remember
sentence parts is to look at the second day’s work in his
or her Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) exercises.
• DGP gives the following sentence parts as examples for
students:
• Subject, verb (transitive or intransitive), direct object, indirect
object, predicate nominative, predicate adjective, appositive or
appositive phrase, prepositional phrase (adjective or adverb),
gerund phrase, infinitive phrase, participial phrase, object of
preposition, object of infinitive, object of gerund, or object of
participle.
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STUDENTS NEED TO MEMORIZE THE DGP
ABBREVIATIONS, PARTICULARLY THE
ABBREVIATIONS FOR SENTENCE PARTS …
Subject S
Verb (transitive) VT
Verb (intransitive) VI
Direct Object DO
Indirect Object IO
Predicate Nominative PN
Predicate Adjective PA
Appositive App
Appositive Phrase App Ph
Prepositional Phrase (adjective)
Adj Prep Ph
Prepositional Phrase (adverb)
Adv Prep Ph
Gerund Phrase Ger Ph
Infinitive Phrase Inf Ph
Participial Phrase Part Ph
Object of Preposition OP
Object of Infinitive Obj Inf
Object of Gerund Obj Ger
Object of Participle. Obj Part
STUDENTS ALSO NEED TO BE AWARE OF THE
FOUR BASIC SENTENCE STRUCTURES PRESENT
IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Simple (SS): 1 independent clause and no dependent clause
Compound (CD): 2 independent clauses and no dependent clauses
Complex (CX): 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses
Compound-Complex (CD-CX): 2 independent clauses and 1 or
more dependent clauses
Examples:
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Simple: I like going to school.
Compound: I like going to school, and I like doing my homework.
Complex: I like going to school when it is sunny.
Compound-complex: I like going to school, and I like doing my
homework when it is sunny.
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT IDENTIFYING
SOME SENTENCE PARTS …
• Sentence 1:
• Their team will practice after school.
• Sentence Pattern:
• Their team will practice after school.
• Sentence Type:
• Sentence 2:
• Each of the girls did her homework.
• Sentence Pattern:
• Each of the girls did her homework.
• Sentence Type:
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT IDENTIFYING
SOME SENTENCE PARTS …
• Sentence 3:
• My friend Alex plays tennis.
• Sentence Pattern:
• My friend Alex plays tennis.
• Sentence Type:
• Sentence 4:
• Your friend from Switzerland is a good student.
• Sentence Pattern:
• Your friend from Switzerland is a good student.
• Sentence Type:
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT IDENTIFYING
SOME SENTENCE PARTS …
Sentence 5:
Jeb likes cars, but he can’t drive yet.
Sentence Pattern:
Jeb likes cars, but he can’t drive yet.
Sentence Type:
Sentence 6:
Sara read the novel To Kill a Mockingbird in her English class.
Sentence Pattern:
Sara read the novel To Kill a Mockingbird in her English class.
Sentence Type:
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT IDENTIFYING
SOME SENTENCE PARTS …
• Sentence 7:
Can you come over and watch the movie Casablanca after school?
• Sentence Pattern:
Can you come over and watch the movie Casablanca after school?
• Sentence Type:
• Sentence 8:
• The Spanish Club traveled to Madrid, Spain, during the summer.
• Sentence Pattern:
• The Spanish Club traveled to Madrid, Spain, during the summer.
• Sentence Type:

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