Children of the Progressive Era By: Matt Ogus, Jorge Cortes & David Baumgarten Think about the Children What actions were taken to protect children and to stop child labor in the Progressive Era? The Keating-Owen Act: - passed in 1916 - Was Later declared unconstitutional - If passed, it would have freed children from child labor ( for industries in interstate commerce) Tax on Employment of Child Labor: - Approved in 1919 - Placed 10% tax on net profits ( 8 hours, 6 day week) - Supreme court declared unconstitutional - Kids declined by 50% What actions were taken to protect children and to stop child labor in the Progressive Era Continued The Smith-Hughes Act: - Passed in 1917 - Provided one million dollars to states who agreed to improve public schools - The NCLC and other organizations favored this 1929: - Every states had a provision to ban kids working under 14 - Thirty-six states Who were the key figures and organizations that worked on this issue? ● Mary Harris Jones ● National Consumers League ● John Dewey ● Florence Kelley Mary Harris Jones ● Known as “Mother Jones” ● Welcomed African American workers and involved women and children in strikes. ● Organized parades with children carrying signs that said, “we want to go to school and not to the mines.” ● She also led marches with children to abolish Child Labor. National Consumers League ● Started by Florence Kelley ● Worked for better conditions ● HIgher Wages ● For both women and children Florence Kelley ● Founded NCL and National Child Labor Committee. ● Fought to make it illegal for children to work under the age of 14 and reduced hours to children under 16 ● Responsible for abolishment of Child Labor John Dewey ● No child left behind ● Felt that school should not only be a place to learn but a place to learn to live ● Education should connect to children’s lives. How was the nature of public schooling for kids transformed? ● Schools became centered around the kids ● Corruption in schools became less widespread ● School attendance laws were created ● Some curriculums promoted social change ● Juvenile Courts New Teaching Methods ● Opposed to autocratic teaching (teacher had absolute power) ● Class was no longer based on textbooks and memorization ● Teachers provided students with activities related to natural interests for engagements ● Result: Students moved to a higher level of understanding Works Cited "Documenting "The Other Half": The Social Reform Photography of Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine." Documenting "The Other Half": The Social Reform Photography of Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. "Florence Kelley (1859–1932)." Open Collections Program: Women Working,. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. "Mother Jones (1837â€“1930)." AFL-CIO. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. "The Progressive Era of Education." The Progressive Era of Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. "Child LAbor." History. N.p., 1996. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/child-labor>. Mary Harris Jones The song, She’ll be comin around the mountain was because of her.