Concrete Examples of Stakeholder Engagement

Report
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
UN-REDD Programme
Concrete Examples of Stakeholder Engagement
in REDD+ Readiness:
View from the FCPF and UN-REDD
Kenn Rapp, Facility Management Team
Jennifer Laughlin, UNDP/UN-REDD Programme
Asia-Pacific Indigenous Peoples Dialogue Chiang Mai, ThailandSeptember 25-27, 2012
Outline
1. Stakeholder engagement
in FCPF countries
2. Stakeholder engagement
in UN-REDD countries
3. FPIC trials in Indonesia
and Vietnam
4. UNDP Accountability
Mechanism
Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in FCPF Countries
• Republic of Congo
– Cumulative and uneven process, the inclusion of forest-dependent
indigenous peoples and other forest dwellers
– REDD+ Technical Committee, with CSO and indigenous representatives,
giving them a voice in R-PP formulation
– Creation of national-level civil society platform (CACO-REDD), which
has entered into a formal partnership with the GoRC, through a
negotiated MoU
– FCPF has provided funding for strengthening the platform, and for the
full and effective participation of forest dwelling peoples through subnational structures
– To reinforce the standing of the CACO-REDD, the GoRC has agreed to
pay for 1 of its member to accompany the gov’t delegation to FCPF PC/
UN-REDD Policy Board meetings
Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in FCPF Countries
• Nepal
– Capacity Building grant to NEFIN to carry out capacity building activities,
focusing on socially vulnerable groups such as scheduled castes
– REDD+ Working Group, with CSO and indigenous representatives, giving them
a voice in R-PP formulation
– REDD+ Stakeholder Forum, similar to CACO-REDD
– Alignment of REDD+ SES process with SESA, solicitation of feedback from
indigenous peoples on what indicators for monitoring should consist of
• Cambodia
– The country has gone to UNDP as a Delivery Partner, but in the spirit of
collaboration, we have provided capacity building
– Grant to the Cambodia Children Development Association NGO to carry out
awareness building and capacity building activities, focusing on indigenous
peoples at the district and local levels
– Promoting the gradual development of the civil sector
Application of SE Guidelines in UN-REDD Countries
• REDD+ Readiness Roadmap: Bangladesh,
Cambodia, Mongolia
• R-PP/National Programme: Ecuador, Paraguay, Sri
Lanka, Viet Nam, Zambia
• National REDD+ Strategy: DRC, Indonesia
• Consulting on the Benefit Sharing Plan: Viet Nam
Application of SE Guidelines, Paraguay
• Guided by the SE Guidelines, the Federation for the Self-Determination of
Indigenous Peoples (FAPI) in Paraguay has been an equal partner of the
UN-REDD NP process from the beginning
• Dedicated chapter on indigenous peoples’ participation for the NP
• FAPI is an official signatory of the UN-REDD NP document.
• FAPI’s President is a member of the NP Political Committee, FAPI also
participates in the NP Technical Team
• FAPI helps to inform other communities about REDD+
• Indigenous peoples’ contributions have led to important new
developments to strengthen REDD+ in the country.
• For instance, IP’s suggestion to map scared sites will be included in the
country’s multiple benefits analysis, and ultimately in the REDD+ strategy.
FPIC Trial, Central Sulawesi (March 2012)
Central
Sulawesi
province
FPIC Trial, Central Sulawesi (March 2012)
• 20 facilitators recruited from the 2
villages and nearby ones;
• Facilitators were trained;
• Initial visit to explain the FMU proposal;
• Facilitators returned 2 weeks later to Lembah Mukti for workshops on
the proposed forest rehabilitation programme.
FPIC Trial, Central Sulawesi (March 2012)
Lembah Mukti village
The villagers agreed to implement the forest
rehabilitation programme
Conditional upon:
• Assistance to resolve boundary disputes
• Help clarify status of private land owned
by the village v. owned by FMU
Talaga village
This village did not wish to consult on REDD+.
An NGO, Pokja Pantau, had previously been to
the village and told villagers that: ”REDD+ will
take the forest by force and will destroy the
socio-cultural values of the community”.
About 50% of the villagers grow cocoa, coffee
and chilli and were concerned that REDD+
• Provision of forest management training would stop them from entering the forest
• Provision of nutmeg and durian seedlings area.
Result:
Result:
• A Letter of Agreement was signed by the
negotiators representing the village and
the FMU.


• A platform was established to manage
complaints and feedback.
The FPIC process was discontinued.
The NGO, Pokja Pantau, subsequently
requested further consultation with the
Forest Management Unit and the UNREDD Programme.
FPIC Trial, Lam Dong Province
• Vietnam was the first country to pilot FPIC for REDD+ in the UN-REDD
Programme (2010)
• 5 months; 5,500 ppl; 78 villages, 24 FPIC trained facilitators
• FPIC for local/migrant ethnic minority people, migrant Kinh people
FPIC Trial, Lam Dong Province
Interlocutors explain on climate
change, REDD, planned activities
of UN-REDD and answer/record
questions and facilitate the
discussions.
5. Village
6. Recording
meetings
decisions
Through hand voting/ secrete
balloting
The record of
consent or nonconsent
Contact village head,
villagers to prepare for
consultation meeting
4. Preparation
7. Document and
of village
meeting
Report
Independent verification and
evaluation
8.
2&3
Recruit, train, practise and
draw lessons to be ready for
village meetings (3 rounds)
Verification
and
Evaluation
Recruitment
and training of
interlocutors
1. Local
awareness
raising
0. Preparation:
•A summary of the legal basis for local community engagement and materials
• Consultation with local authorities
Awareness raising workshops at local level (16 ?)
Distributing leaflets, sticking posters and discussing with
villagers
Lessons from Indonesia and Vietnam
• Balance: receiving sufficient information and too many meetings
• Individual vote, not through representatives
• Document whole FPIC process, including concerns/complaints
• Report FPIC results back to the community
• Consultations need to be “prior”, but should not be so far in
advance of an activity that villagers lose interest in a proposal.
• Balance: fear of submitting signing documents v. verbal
agreements open to interpretation.
• FPIC guidelines are best tested with a concrete proposal.
• Using trained facilitators from the village’s own community can
accelerate understanding.
UNDP Accountability Mechanism
1. A Compliance Review process to respond to claims that UNDP is
not in compliance with applicable environmental and social
policies, including its proposed environmental and social
screening procedure.
2. A Grievance Process to ensure individuals and communities
affected by UNDP projects have access to appropriate
procedures for hearing and resolving project-related disputes –
both corporate and support to national-level mechanisms (in the
context of REDD+)
UNDP Accountability Mechanism
• Scope: environmental and social policies or commitments made by UNDP,
including the environmental and social policy and screening procedure.
UNDP must have a role in supporting the project.
• Who can file: Any person, group or community directly affected by a
UNDP project or program;
• How to file: Complaints can be made in any language and through mail,
email, a website, or the OAI hotline. Most grievances will be dealt with at
the CO level.
• Timeline: Interim Mechanism for FCPF UNDP Pilots set up within a couple
months. Permanent Mechanism over next 1-2 years.
• Next steps: Revise proposal, internal/external consultation, submit to
UNDP management.
Acknowledgements
• This presentation has drawn on materials from the discussions
and presentations at the 2nd UN-REDD Regional Workshop on FPIC
in Bogor, Indonesia, 19 – 20 April 2012, including:
– Lisa Ogle, Environmental Legal Consultant
– Ms Rukmini P. Toheke, OPANT/Central Sulawesi Province
Working Group;
– Mr Agus Hernandi, Team Leader, UN-REDD Programme
Indonesia;
– Nanda Febriani and Keiko Nomura, UN-REDD Programme
Indonesia
– Ms Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen, Programme Manager, UN-REDD
Programme Vietnam
Thank You
[email protected]
[email protected]
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