ECCP STAKEHOLDERS’ CONFERENCE Presentation by Mr. Arturo BENITO Director Fleet Planning & Environment IBERIA Chairman of the Infrastructure & Environment Committee of the AEA Brussels 24 October,

Report
ECCP STAKEHOLDERS’ CONFERENCE
Presentation by
Mr. Arturo BENITO
Director Fleet Planning & Environment
IBERIA
Chairman of the Infrastructure & Environment
Committee of the AEA
Brussels 24 October, 2005
A SINGLE VOICE FOR A JOINT MESSAGE
AEA
EBAA
EEA
ERA
IACA
AVIATION CO2 IN EUROPE
Emissions from Fossil Fuels
Mio tonnes CO2
1990
1995
95/90 (%
p.a.)
2001
% of EU
01/95
(% p.a.)
EU 15
3075.0
-0.1
3052.0
+0.7
3174.5
100
Electricity & heat product.
Energy branch
Industry
Households, commerce
Transport
Of which:
Road Transport
Air Transport
Inland Navigation
998.8
130.1
572.4
638.0
735.7
- 0.9
+ 2.4
- 1.8
- 0.3
+1.7
952.8
146.6
523.6
628.3
800.7
+ 0.5
- 0.3
- 0.8
+ 0.3
+ 2.2
980.8
143.8
500.3
639.1
910.5
30.9
4.5
15.8
20.1
28.7
625.0
82.2
19.6
+ 1.6
+ 3.2
+ 1.0
675.6
96.2
20.5
+2.0
+ 4.6
- 5.0
762.3
126.0
15.1
24.0
4.0
0.5
8.9
- 1.1
8.4
- 3.0
7.0
0.2
Railways (1)
Source: Eurostat
Notes:
(1) : without fossil fuel for electricity production
EMISSIONS CONTAINMENT POLICY – FOUR PILLARS
 TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS
 INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS
 OPERATIONAL MEASURES
 ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
ACARE ACTION
Environmental objectives:
• 80% reduction in NOx
• 50% reduction in fuel burn and CO2 per passenger km
• 50% reduction in perceived noise per aircraft movement
Proposals include airframe and engine technologies,
alternative fuels
 INDUSTRY EXPENDITURE ON RT&D OVER 14%
OF TURNOVER ANNUALLY
AN EXAMPLE OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
6,5
4.3 l/100pkm
6,2
average specific fuel consumption
of the entire passenger fleet in 2003
5,64
5,5
5,31
5,19
l/100pkm
5,14 5,14
4,98 4,97
5
4,68
4,57
4,65
4,51
4,5
30 %
4,31
Source: Lufthansa
03
20
02
20
01
20
00
20
99
19
8
19
9
97
19
96
19
95
19
94
19
19
92
19
91
93
Reduktion seit 1991
4
19
litres / 100 pkm
6
2. INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS
 IPCC REPORT - EMISSIONS REDUCTION OF 612%,
IF ATM IMPROVEMENTS IMPLEMENTED
WITHIN 15 YEARS
 EU TO INTENSIFY EFFORTS TO DEVELOP THE
SINGLE SKY AND SESAME PROGRAMMES
 POLITICAL & BUDGETARY SUPPORT NEEDED
FROM THE TEN-T
3. OPERATIONAL MEASURES
 IPCC REPORT - EMISSIONS REDUCTION OF 2-6%
THROUGH OPERATIONAL MEASURES
 EU TO PROMOTE ICAO CIRCULAR 303 WHICH
IDENTIFIED OPERATIONAL MEASURES TO
LIMIT/REDUCE AIRCRAFT EMISSIONS.
3
4. ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
 TAX
–
NOT
INTERNATIONAL
LEGALLY
APPLICABLE
TO
FLIGHTS;
NEGLIGIBLE
ENVIRONMENT BENEFITS

 CHARGES – COST-RELATED, EITHER
REVENUENEUTRAL
OR
REVENUES
DIRECTED
TO
ENVIRONMENTAL R&D

 EMISSIONS TRADING SYSTEM – RECOGNISED BY
ICAO
AS
POTENTIALLY
ENVIRONMENTALLY
EFFECTIVE AND COST-EFFICIENT APPROACH

AVIATION INDUSTRY PROPOSAL – EMISSIONS TRADING
1.
COVERAGE - CO2 ONLY
2.
GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE – IDEALLY WORLDWIDE, BUT IF IT IS AN EU
ETS: INTRA-EU ROUTES
3.
TRADING ENTITY - AIRCRAFT OPERATOR
4.
ALLOCATION METHOD: ALLOWANCES TO BE GRANTED TO THE
AVIATION SECTOR AT EU LEVEL, BASED ON GRANDFATHER RIGHTS
5.
EU ETS COULD BE AN INTERIM OPTION INTERPLAY WITH KYOTO OBJECTIVE: EXTENSION OF THE PROTOCOL BUT RESTRICTED TRADE
WITH THE OTHER SECTORS CURRENTLY COVERED BY THE
6.
DISTRIBUTION METHOD – BENCHMARKING, TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT
EARLY EFFORTS MADE BY AIRCRAFT OPERATORS
7.
MONITORING METHOD - MEASURED TRIP FUEL BY AIRCRAFT
OPERATORS
EQUAL ACCESSIBILITY - AIR
11
SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY
AVIATION IS THE ONLY MODE OF TRANSPORT
WHICH CONNECTS CARGO AND PASSENGERS
FROM THE PERIPHERAL REGIONS OF EUROPE
TO THE CENTRE, AND EUROPE TO THE REST OF
THE WORLD.

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