EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA Structural Instruments 2007-2013 Project co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund Sectoral Operational Programme „Increase of Economic Competitiveness” “Investments for Your Future” Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP) Status and Perspectives Nicolae-Victor Zamfir Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) Gerard Mourou 1985: Chirped Pulse Amplification (CPA) Target Normal Sheath Acceleration (TNSA) Secondary target Secondary radiations - electrons bremssstrahlung - gamma rays, neutrons E~Ilaser1/2 Primary radiations Electrons are expelled from the target due to the chock wave induced by the powerful laser Heavy ions are accelerated in the field created by the electrons 3 S.C. Wilks et al., Phys. Plasmas 8, 542 (2001). Radiation Pressure Acceleration RPA Electrons and ions accelerated at solid state densities 1024e cm-3 (Classical beam densities 108e cm-3) on very short distance (μm-mm) E~ I laser Energy reached equal to a 400m up-to-date accelerator (reduction of scale of 109) 4 Proton acceleration I0.5 RPA simulations 10 23 W/cm2 ,15 fs 5 Extreme Light Infrastructure 2006 – ELI on ESFRI Roadmap ELI-PP 2007-2010 (FP7) ELI-Beamlines (Czech Republic) ELI-Attoseconds (Hungary) ELI-Nuclear Physics (Romania) ELI-DC (Delivery Consortium): 2010 Legal entity: April 2013 Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Italy, Germany, UK 6 Bucharest-Magurele National Physics Institutes BUCHAREST ring rail/road NUCLEAR Tandem accelerators Cyclotrons γ – Irradiator Advanced Detectors Biophysics Environmental Physics Radioisotopes ELI-NP Lasers Plasma Optoelectronics Material Physics Theoretical Physics Particle Physics ELI-NP ELI-NP Milestones January 2012: Project submitted to the EC July 2012: Romanian Government Decision Construction of the New Research Infrastructure ELI-NP: 293 M€ September 2012: EC Project Approval European Regional Development Fund Financial Support (83%) of the First phase (2012-2015) 180 M€ December 2012: Contract with Romanian Managing Authority 8 ELI-NP Infrastructure Large equipment: • High power laser system, 2 x 10PW maximum power Thales Optronique SA and SC Thales System Romania (~65 M€) • Gamma radiation beam, high intensity, tunable energy up to 20MeV, relative bandwidth 10-3, produced by Compton scattering of a laser beam on a 700 MeV electron beam produced by a warm LINAC European Consortium EuroGammaS led by INFN Rome (~65 M€): INFN (Italy), University “La Sapienza” Rome (Italy), CNRS (France), ALSYOM (France), ACP Systems S.A.S.U. (France), COMEB Srl (Italy), ScandiNova Systems (Sweden) Buildings – 33000sqm total – STRABAG (~65M€) Experiments: 8 experimental areas, for gamma, laser, and gamma+laser 9 Brilliance 1021 ELI–NP 1019 T-REX 1017 PLEIADES 1015 LNBL HIGS 1013 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 + Dynamitron 1 year + • high intensity / small emittance e– T-REX ++ HIGS PLEIADES 0.1 bw ph/(mm2・mrad2・s・0.1%bw) ELI–NP Gamma Beam System 0.01 ELI–NP beam from a warm LINAC 0.001 • • very brillant high rep./rate int. laser 0.0001 small collision volume 2002 Bandwidth 2004 2006 2008 2010 year 2012 2014 2016 2018 ELI-Nuclear Physics Scientific program: • Nuclear Physics experiments to characterize laser – target int. • Photonuclear reactions • Exotic Nuclear Physics and astrophysics • Applied Research 11 Project implementation 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 White Book (Scientific Case) Feasibility Study 293M€ Preparation of the Application E.C. Evaluation & Approval Building - Preparation Building - Construction 2018 Major Eqp.– Constr, Install Experimental set-ups Recruitment 12 August 23, 2013 July 14, 2014 ELI–NP Experiment Building Experiments 8 experimental areas E8,Gamma Nuclear reactions E7,QED High field gamma + electrons 7000 m2 ELI-NP TDR Workgroups • Workshops in June 2013, April 2014, February 2015; Gamma WGs: Laser WGs: • NRF and applications • Ion driven nuclear physics: fission-fusion • Photo fission (production and physics) • Strong fields QED • Gamma above Threshold • Towards High field (Laser +Gamma) and • Charged particle array + Positron source for materials science WG Plasma • Applications + Transversal WGs: Vacuum, Control Systems, Dosimetry 15 Nuclear Photonics Nuclear structure • Modes of excitation below the GDR Impact on nucleosynthesis • Gamow window for photo–induced reactions in explosive stellar events Understanding exotic nuclei • E1 strength will be shifted to lower energies in neutron rich system NRF E1 strength distribution g Human Resources Today Attracting the best competencies: • public announcements • international recruitment • Senior/junior researchers • PhD students 250 1 Head of Research Activities (5) Project integration and 200 execution setup Phase A Phase C Phase B Phase F Phase E Phase D Technical Staff (18) Technical Staff – Higher education (18) 150 PhD students (50) 100 Junior researchers (107) 50 Senior researchers (20) 0 2011 1 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 ELI-NP Industrial Forum Body promoting relationships, for mutual benefits, with local and foreign companies • Consulting in elaborating the TDRs for experiments and auxiliary equipment • Promotion of contractual research, technology transfer, etc. • Consulting services provided by ELI-NP experts • Creation of a cluster of high-tech companies in Magurele 18 ELI-NP Academic Forum • to secure the fulfillment of ELI-NP needs in terms of PhD students, junior researchers, engineers, and technicians (training programs, specific MSc and PhD programs, etc.); • to assure the education of engineers for the companies part of the high-tech cluster at Magurele; • to support the ELI-NP Project in the achievement of its objectives in terms of scientific excellence; 19 ELI-NP Team, March 5, 2013 Thank you!