Lord of the Flies

Report
Ralph: one of the older boys on the island; remains
the leader through most of the novel
Jack: Ralph’s most powerful antagonist(enemy)
who develops from leader of the choir boys to chief
of the savages. He is responsible for most of the
horrible crimes.
Piggy: The intellectual(smart one) of the group.
He is physically weak and he complains a lot, but
he sees the dangers when the others cannot.
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Simon: the unique character. He remains
uninvolved in the power struggle between
Ralph and Jack. He does his work and takes
care of the “littluns”
Roger: 2nd in command to Jack. He is a true
sadist (someone who loves to inflict pain). He
mostly picks on the “littleunz.”
Sam”n”eric = twins; As long as they follow
Ralph instead of Jack, we have some hope that
all is not lost.

Two boys, Ralph and Piggy, meet each other in
the jungle and make their way to the beach.
While wandering near the water, the boys
discover a large “conch” shell, Piggy tells Ralph
that they can use it as a trumpet. Ralph blows
on the shell and summons all the other boys.
Piggy devotes himself to learning everyone’s
name. The choir shows up, led by Jack
Merridew. There are no adults present, so they
elect a leader. Ralph is elected, and Jack is
furious.

Ralph explains that the island is deserted, but all
that is required is for them to remain clam until
they are rescued. Jack brags that he will supply
the boys with meat. Ralph states that order
must be maintained. Basic rules must be
established for the common good. Whoever
holds the conch can speak. Everyone else must
listen. Piggy lectures about too much playing.
One of the youngest children tells about a beast
that he saw the night before. Ralph discusses
the need for building a signal fire. Piggy’s
glasses are used to start the fire. The fire gets out
of control and Piggy blames Ralph .

Jack returns to the beach where he finds Ralph
and Simon building a hut. Ralph complains to
Jack that most of the boys are unwilling to help.
Ralph hints that Jack and the hunters should
help build huts instead. Resentment swells up
between them, but they are able to control
themselves. The 2 boys go swimming together
and try to stifle their dislike for each other.
Simon wanders off into the jungle by himself.
He sits and stares in wonder at the amazing
variety of living things.
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The boys soon develop a routine. Each morning,
they awake and swim. In the late afternoon, they
work. The smallest boys lead a life quite different
from the older boys. They spend most of the day
eating fruit. As a result, they suffer from chronic
diarrhea. Therefore, they cry a lot and play very
seldom. Ralph and Piggy see a ship, and to their
horror, they realize the fire is out. They realize Jack
has wandered off and left it. Ralph is very angry at
Jack, but Jack will not take responsibility. Piggy
jumps in, and Jack slaps him and breaks one lens in
Piggy’s glasses. Ralph’s dislike for Jack grows even
stronger at this example of cruelty.

Ralph lectures the boys sternly on their
immature behavior. He also berates them for
not helping build shelter, gathering drinking
water, or keeping up the fire. Another matter to
be discussed is the fear of the beast. The fear is
spreading. The meeting grows disorderly and
chaotic. The boys scream and laugh. Jack
continues to bully Piggy. Ralph attempts to
regain control of the group, but cannot. Jack
refuses to follow any rules except the ones he
makes. Most of the boys run off, led by Jack.
Piggy advises Ralph to blow the conch and call
the boys back. Ralph does not blow the conch.

That night while the boys are asleep, there is a
battle between aircraft above the island. A
parachutist floats slowly down to the island but
none of the boys see this, not even Sam and Eric
who were on fire watch. When the fire watchers
wake up, they are frightened by the noise made
by the parachute of the Dead pilot flapping in
the wind. Even Ralph is a little frightened.
After a debate, a bunch of boys armed with
spears search the island for the beast. Ralph
becomes angry at the group and says they need
to search the island and rebuild the signal fire.
Jack suggest they hunt another pig. Everyone
agrees but the pig manages to escape and gives Jack
a wound with its tusks. Ralph has now participated
for the first time in a hunt. He now understands
everyone’s excitement about a hunt.
Ralph and Roger wait halfway up the mountain
while Jack climbs to the top alone. Soon, Jack runs
down and says he has seen the beast. Ralph and
Roger investigate and to their horror, they see
something like a “great ape and they hear the weird
flapping noise it makes. It’s really the dead
parachutist hanging from the tree with the
parachute flapping. The three scared boys run to
warn the others.
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The next morning as news of the beast spreads, the
boys’ terror grows greater. Even Ralph is frightened.
At the meeting, Jack announces the beast is definitely
there and Ralph is a coward and unfit to be chief.
Jack says all Ralph does is talk and give orders. He
demands that the boys vote Ralph out of office.
None of the boys support this, and Jack goes into a
rage. He says he is leaving the group. After Jack
leaves, the boys are puzzled. However, Piggy is
thrilled! Piggy suggests that a new fire be built on
the beach. Before long a new fire has been built, but
it’s discovered that most of the boys have slipped
away. Jack and his new tribe hunt and take pleasure
from their cruel and brutal slaughter of the pig.
They mount the head on a pole and leave it as a gift
for the beast.
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Meanwhile, Simon has been sitting alone in the
jungle staring at the fly covered head of the
dead pig. Suddenly, it speaks to him. It says
that it is impossible to escape the beast for he is
part of everyone. The poor boy faints!

Simon wakes up, but he has burst a blood vessel in
his nose. Despite his weakness, he crawls up a hill
and discovers the dead pilot. He staggers off to tell
the other boys what he has found. Piggy and
Ralph attend Jack’s feast because they are hungry
and to see what is going on. The boys of the tribe
are gathered around the fire and eating greasy
roast pig and fresh fruit. As darkness falls, Jack
orders the tribe to its dance. They pretend to kill a
pig in the dance. The boys become wilder and
wilder. Suddenly a black shape crawls from the
jungle calling to them. The crazy boys do not
recognize their friend Simon and they beat, stab,
and tear him to pieces.

The next morning, Ralph and Piggy are ashamed
because they watched Simon being killed and
they did nothing. They discover that everyone
has joined Jack except the twins. Ralph is
deeply troubled and Piggy thinks it’s an
accident. Ralph will not accept that it was an
accident because they didn’t stop the killing. At
Castle Rock, where Jack has moved his tribe, he
rules like a tyrant. Wilfred is punished brutally
for some minor infraction of Jack’s rules. Piggy
and Ralph remain in the old camp and go to bed.
Without warning, a group of screaming boys
attack their hut and steal Piggy’s glasses.

Ralph, Piggy, and the twins sit and nurse their
wounds. It is decided that they will all go to
Castle Rock to talk to Jack. When they arrive at
Castle Rock, the guards make fun of them and
throw rocks. Ralph demands that Jack give back
Piggy’s glasses and points out the cruelty of
keeping them. Jack responds by having his
hunters tie up Sam ‘n Eric. Ralph is so mad that he
and Jack engage in a hand to hand fight. They
hear the pathetic cries of Piggy as Roger pushes a
boulder down the slope. Piggy hears it but he
can’t see it, so he and the shell are crushed beneath
the rock. Ralph is by himself since Piggy has been
killed and the twins have been captured.

When darkness falls, Ralph sneaks to the
hunters’ camp and finds that Sam ‘n Eric are on
guard duty. The twins are unwilling to join him,
but they give him food. All night Ralph huddles
in a thicket not far from Castle Rock afraid to
sleep. In the morning, he hears voices and
realizes the twins have told where he is. Jack sets
the area on fire to smoke him out. Ralph is
forced to leave his hiding place and manages to
break through the lines of his enemies. Finally,
Ralph is driven to the beach. There is no place to
go, and he hears the hunters close behind. He
collapses in exhaustion and when he looks up,

He sees a naval officer standing before him.
The officer is cheerful and explains that his ship
was attracted by the smoke. The painted
savages reach the beach. Upon seeing the
officer they stop and stare silently. The officer
questions Ralph and is shocked when he learns
that several boys have been killed and all traces
of civilization are gone. As Ralph realizes that
he is now safe and thinks about all of the
horrors, he bursts into tears.

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