Huang He

Elizabeth Ramirez
Gianni Nguyen
Dominic Horne
Slide 1: Title Page
Slide 11: Written Language
Slide 2: Table of Contents
Slide 12: The Arts
Slide 3: Introduction
Slide 13: Architecture
Slide 4: Neolithic Revolution
Slide 14: Conclusion
Slide 5: River Valley Civilizations
Slide 15: Bibliography
Slide 6: Huang He Hominids
Slide 16: Bibliography Continued
Slide 7: Geographic Location
Slide 17: Bibliography Continued
Slide 8: Governments Within
Slide 9: New Jobs
Slide 10: The First Dynasties
Have you ever wondered what it was like
to live through the Neolithic Revolution and
begin the first civilizations? In this
presentation we will show you what it was
like to live as a hominid in Huang He and
the first dynasties of China.
Across the hominids, the Neolithic Revolution was a major change in the early humans way of
life. The changes included planting crops in fertile areas instead of moving with their food
supply, creating a chief and council, making a barter system and starting to bake, specialize
tools, and create artwork.
The Neolithic Revolution was a major turning point in how early hominids lived. Their lives as
hunter gatherers turned into more of an agricultural way of life. This greatly increased the
amount of food the hominids obtained and allowed for a bigger population. Along with this,
civilizations began forming, especially in river valleys.
In 4000 BC, the Huang He civilization began its roots. A hominid group of Homo Erectus,
settled in a valley of the Huang He river and began to build their civilization. The hominids
chose the area because of the rich farming soil and the easy access to water. The hominids
also began to create houses, instead of living in caves, and raise livestock. The hominids that
lived in this area are called “Peking Man.”
The Huang He is the sixth largest river in the world, measuring 3,395 miles. It starts in the
Kunlun mountains of China, and opens its mouth to the Gulf of Bo Hai. Its name, Huang He, or
Yellow River, is given because of its color from the silt that it carries down. Because the river
washes down silt along its path, this valley was an ideal spot to plant and grow food.
However, the river valley also flooded abundantly, and posed some problems.
The floods that helped provide fertile soils differed in size. Some could have just the right
amount of water, while others wiped out the village. To prevent this catastrophe from
happening, the people began to build irrigation systems containing canals and dikes. For this
to happen, they had to have an agreement with one another to get along. These projects of
cooperation resulted in governments occurring to direct the building the canals, and later
setting out the rules for which the village would live by. Said to be the founder of the Xia
Dynasty, Yu the Great, supposedly tamed the Huang He’s water’s using the irrigation systems.
The expansion of agricultural productivity created more free time for people. In the fields, less
people were needed to grow food, which meant that they had the opportunity to become
merchants, or artisans. The variation in jobs created different products, creating a more
acceptable standard to live by.
Ancient Chinese jade carving process
The first dynasty of China is the Xia Dynasty (2070 to 1600 B.C.). The Xia Dynasty is
significant, even though some scientist do not believe it ever existed because there are no
written records of it, because it helps the Chinese learn about some of their oldest ancestors
and the culture that they lived by. The second dynasty in China is the Shang, or Yin, Dynasty
(1600 to 1300 B.C.). The Shang Dynasty is the first dynasty with written records.
Xia Dynasty
Bi Plaque
King Tang
of the
The Chinese civilization began to record their history in the Shang Dynasty with oracle bones.
Oracle bones are pieces of bone, usually cow skulls or turtle shells that oracles used in their
practices. The oracles would carefully engrave questions on the bone to the deities and
touched the piece of bone to a hot iron, causing it to crack, letting oracles interpret the answer
to the question. These ancient oracle bones help scientists discover China’s past, little by
Chinese arts occurred before the written language. The earliest art forms were made with jade
and pottery. Later, in the Shang Dynasty, bronze was added to create forms of artwork. In the
Tang Dynasty era, figure painting was established.
As the Chinese civilization grew in population, technology, and knowledge, they created
wooden buildings with specific patterns. They also made palaces for their emperors. Their
houses were usually made of wood, and they surrounded themselves with earthen walls for
Archeologists uncovering Shang dynasty ruins
The hominid civilization of Huang He created the basis for the Chinese culture today. Today,
the people of China call the Huang He river the “mother river.” Starting with the hominid group
homo erectus, the country of China has grown to have the largest population in the world.
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