Spanish Commands

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Spanish Commands
With Reflexive and Direct Object Pronouns
By: Alyssa Anderson
Types of Commands
Lets start with commands. There
are two different types of commands,
formal commands and informal
commands. Formal commands are for
people that you don’t know very well.
Informal commands are for people
you know well. For each type of
command there are affirmative and
negative commands, both using
separate rules.
Formal Commands
Formal commands are for people
you don’t know well. The Spanish
subjects that are used for these
commands are:
• Usted
• Ustedes
• And for plurals
Affirmative Formal Commands
There are three easy steps to remember:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
Example:
Verb: Nadar –to swim
1. Nado
2. Nad
3. ¡Nade!
Subject: Usted
Negative Formal Commands
The first three steps are the same as affirmative
commands but with one simple step added at the end
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Place no before the verb
Example:
Verb: Bailar –to dance
1. Bailo
2. Bail
3. Bailen
4. ¡No bailen!
Subject: Ustedes
Informal Commands
Informal commands are for people
you know well. The only subject that
we use informal commands for is tú.
We don’t know the nosotros command
form. If there are plural people you
know that you are giving a command
to use the formal command for
ustedes.
Affirmative Informal Commands
There are also three easy steps to remember for informal
commands:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person ending
-ar a -er/ir e
Example:
Verb: Comer –to eat
1. Como
2. Com
3. ¡Come!
Subject: Tú (always will be for informal)
Negative Informal Commands
The same steps that are for affirmative are very similar for
the negative:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add these endings:
-ares
-er/iras
4. Place no in front of the verb
Example:
Verd: Caminar –to walk
1. Camino
2. Camin
3. Camines
4. ¡No Camines!
Subject: Tú
Commands with Pronouns
There are two different types of
pronouns that our Spanish II class
uses, Direct Object Pronouns and
Reflexive pronouns. Both have VERY
similar steps to follow with the formal
and informal commands.
Reflexive Pronouns
Reflexive pronouns are used to say a
verb acts on the subject.
Example:
I hit myself.
Bill hit himself.
They hit themselves.
The verb acts on all of the subjects.
Reflexive Pronouns
Yo
Me
Nos
Nosotros
Tú
Te
Os
Vosotros
Usted
Se
Se
Ustedes
Él
Se
Se
Ellos
Ella
Se
Se
Ellas
Example:
-I shower are 5:30.
Yo me ducho a las cinco y media.
-We dress at 8:00.
Nostoros nos vestimos a las ocho.
Reflexive Pronouns with Formal Commands
Affirmative
The first three steps are the same with a few twists at
the end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Add the reflexive pronoun “se” to the end
5. Add an accent mark to the 3rd syllable from the end
Example:
Verb: Dormirse –to sleep
Subject: Usted
1. Duermo
4. Duermase
2. Duerm
5. ¡Duérmase!
3. Duerma
Reflexive Pronouns with Formal Commands
Negative
The first three steps are the same:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Put no and se in front of the verb
5. Example:
Verb: Ducharse –to take a shower
1. Ducho
2. Duch
3. Duchen
4. ¡No se duchen!
Subject: Usted
Reflexive Pronouns with Informal Commands
Affirmative
The first three steps are the same with a few twists at the
end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person ending
-ar a -er/ir e
4. Add the reflexive pronoun “te” to the end
5. Add an accent mark to the 3rd syllable from the end
Example:
Verb: Dormirse –to sleep
Subject: Tú
1. Duermo
4. Duermete
2. Duerm
5. ¡Duérmete!
3. Duerme
Reflexive Pronouns with Informal Commands
Negative
The first three steps are the same with a few twists at the
end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person ending
-ar as -er/ir es
4. Put no and te in front of the verb
Example:
Verb: afeitarse –to shave
1. Afeito
2. Afeit
3. Afeita
Subject: Tú
4. ¡No te afeitas!
Direct Object Pronouns
Direct object pronouns are used to take the place of
things. The object is directly affected by the verb.
These are the direct object pronouns:
It
Them
lo
los
la
las
These always come before the conjugated verb or
attaches to the infinitive.
Example:
-We read the books.
Nosotros los leemos
-She listens to music.
Ella la escucha.
Direct Object Pronouns with Formal Commands
Affirmative
The first three steps are the same with a few twists at the
end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Add the direct object pronoun to the end
5. Add an accent mark to the 3rd syllable from the end
Example:
Verb: Lavar –to wash (Wash it) Subject: Usted
1. Lavo
2. Lav
3. Lava
4. Lavalo
5. ¡Lávalo!
Direct Object Pronouns with Formal Commands
Negative
The first three steps are the same:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Put no and the direct object in front of the verb
5. Example:
Verb: Beber –to drink (Drink it)
1. Bebo
2. Beb
3. Beban
4. ¡No lo beban!
Subject: Ustedes
Direct Object with Informal Commands
Affirmative
The first three steps are the same with a few twists at the
end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person ending
-ar a -er/ir e
4. Add the direct object pronoun to the end
5. Add an accent mark to the 3rd syllable from the end
Example:
Verb: Comer-to eat (Eat them)
1. Como
4. Comalos
2. Com
5. ¡Cómalos!
3. Coma
Subject: Tú
Direct Object Pronouns with Informal Commands
Negative
The first three steps are the same with a few changes at
the end:
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person ending
-ar as -er/ir es
4. Put no and the direct object in front of the verb
Example:
Verb: Cerrar –to close (Don’t close it)
1. Cerro
2. Cerr
3. Cerra
4. ¡No lo cerras!
Subject: Tú
Review
Formal Commands
Informal Commands
Affirmative
Affirmative
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Add the pronoun to the
end
5. Add an accent mark to the
3rd syllable from the end
Negative
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the opposite ending
-ar  e, en
-er/ir a,an
4. Place no and the pronoun
before the verb
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add the third person
ending
-ar a -er/ir e
4. Add the pronoun to the
end
5. Add an accent mark to the
3rd syllable from the end
Negative
1. Conjugate for yo
2. Drop the “o”
3. Add these endings:
-ares
-er/iras
4. Place no and the pronun
before the verb
Quiz:
Use direct objects or reflexive pronouns with
commands to write sentences.
1. Tell your best friend to brush
their teeth.(cepillarse los dientes)
¡Cepíllate los dientes!
2. Tell your brother to wash the
dishes. (lavar los platos)
¡Lávalos!
3. Tell your teacher not to sleep
in class.(dormirse en clase)
¡No se duerma en clase!
4. Tell your parents friends to sit
down. (sentarse)
¡Siéntense!
5. Tell the stranger not to take
the taxi. (tomar el taxi)
¡No lo tome!
The End

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