Chapter 9 Section 1 Notes

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CH. 9 AN EMERGING WORLD
POWER
9.1 THE ROOTS OF IMPERIALISM
 Objectives:
Identify the key factors that prodded
America to expand
 Explain how the U.S. took its first steps
toward increased global power
 Summarize the chain of events leading
up to the annexation of Hawaii

Imperialism:
policy by which strong nations extend their
political, military, and economic control
over weaker territories
THE IMPERIAL MENU
A PLEASED UNCLE SAM GETS READY TO PLACE HIS ORDER WITH HEADWAITER
WILLIAM MCKINLEY. SWALLOWING SOME OF THESE POSSESSIONS EVENTUALLY
PRODUCED POLITICAL
INDIGESTION.
CAUSES OF IMPERIALISM
Economic benefit
 Raw materials and natural resources
 Extractive economies
 Trade
 Military strength
 Alfred T. Mahan
 Naval power
 National Superiority
 Social Darwinism, “Manifest Destiny”
 Fredrick Jackson Turner
 Overseas expansion as a “safety valve”

U.S. 1ST STEPS TO BECOMING WORLD
POWER
Pacific
 Commodore Matthew Perry, treaty opened
trade with Japan
 Possession of the Midway Islands
 Increased trade with Hawaii and naval base at
Pearl Harbor
 Alaska
 1867 Sec. of State bought Alaska from Russia
 Latin America
 Pan-American highway

HAWAII
 Economically
linked since 1790’s
 Missionaries established schools and
churches
 American’s amended their constitution,
only wealthy land owners could vote
AMERICAN PLANTERS INCREASE POWER
 New
law in 1890’s placed tariff on sugar
 Queen Liliuokalani
 Abolished the constitution that gave
power to the white minority
 1893-U.S. overthrew the queen, new
govt set up by Sanford B. Dole (wealthy
planter)
QUEEN LILIUOKALANI (1838–1917) LILIUOKALANI WAS
HAWAII, WHOSE DEFENSE OF NATIVE HAWAIIAN SELF-RULE
LED TO A REVOLT BY WHITE SETTLERS AND TO HER DETHRONEMENT. SHE WROTE MANY
SONGS, THE MOST FAMOUS OF WHICH WAS “ALOHA OE,” OR “FAREWELL TO THEE,” PLAYED
COUNTLESS TIMES BY HAWAIIAN BANDS FOR DEPARTING TOURISTS.
THE LAST REIGNING QUEEN OF
U.S. ANNEXES HAWAII
 Pres.
Harrison signed treaty but was out
of office before Senate approval
 Pres. Cleveland investigated and
Hawaiian people didn’t want this. Pres
said no to annex
 American’s wanted it, 1897-Pres.
McKinley annexed Hawaii

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