Daniel 8 The Ram & He-Goat I. IDENTIFYING THE KINGDOMS (8:20-21) Daniel 2 Daniel 7 Daniel 8 Lion (v. 4) Bear (v. 5) Ram (v. 1-4) Leopard (v. 6) He-Goat (v. 5-8) Iron Teeth (v. 7-8) The Ram & He-Goat II. THE RAM (8:1-4) A. Begins in Shushan (Palace of Persian Kings) (8:2) B. Two Horns, One Greater / Last (Medo-Persians) (8:3) C. Came From East (8:4) The Ram & He-Goat III. THE HE-GOAT (8:5-8) A. Swiftly From West (8:5). B. Notable Horn, Fury At Ram (8:5-7) (Alexander The Great) C. Horn Broken Into Four (8:8) (323 BC 4 Generals) Lysimachus (Thrace & Asia Minor) Antipater (Macedonia & Greece) Ptolemy (Egypt) (South) Seleucus (Syria & Babylon) (North) The Ram & He-Goat III. THE HE-GOAT (8:5-8) D. Little Horn - Antiochus IV (175-163 BC) (8:9-14) 1. Epiphanes (“The Illustrious”) Epimanes (“The mad”) 2. Invaded Egypt in 170 BC, set up puppet king. Invaded again 168 BC, Rome intervened. 3. As he returned through Judah, he conquered Jerusalem; set his image in the temple; offered swine on the altar; encouraged Greek soldiers to fornicate there; forbade circumcision, Sabbath, and scriptures. The Ram & He-Goat III. THE HE-GOAT (8:5-8) D. Little Horn - Antiochus IV (175-163 BC) (8:9-14) “...upon his return from Egypt, Antiochus IV organized an expedition against Jerusalem, which he destroyed; he put many of its inhabitants to death most cruelly. He had soldiers enter the Jewish Temple and slaughter a pig (which is impure by the Jewish law) on the altar of the Lord. They set the pig ablaze and then took the meat and tried to make some Jewish men eat it. The men refused and he cut their tongues out, scalped them, cut off their hands and feet, and burnt them on the altar of the Lord.” (Wiki) Also, altar to Zeus. The Ram & He-Goat III. THE HE-GOAT (8:5-8) D. Little Horn - Antiochus IV (175-163 BC) (8:9-14) 4. Broken Without Hand (8:25b) “After this, the Jews began a war of independence under their Maccabean leaders, defeating the armies that Antiochus sent against them. Enraged at this, Antiochus is said to have marched against them in person, threatening to exterminate the nation; but, on the way, he suddenly died (164 BC). The Jewish accounts are in the Books of the Maccabees.” (Wiki) 5. Temple Cleansed by Maccabean Revolt (165 BC Hanukkah) (8:14) 6. WHEN? “End” of Grecian Rule (8:17, 19, 23, 26) The Ram & He-Goat CONCLUSION: A. God declares things before they happen! (Isaiah 42:9; 46:9-10) Predicted 550 BC (8:1), fulfilled 165 BC. Predicted 385 years before it happened! B. God’s Judgment (Dan. 8:12, 23, 24) Now turn and “serve the living and true God; And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.” (1 Thess. 1:9-10)!