Chapter 8 part 2 - DeVitoSchoolofArt

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Chapter 8 part 2
France
LIMBOURG BROTHERS, Les Très
Riches Heures du Duc de Berry,
1413–1416. Fig. 8-9.
France
Example:
• Book of Hours for private
patron
• Illusionistic treatment of
space
• Luxury item
• Scenes of daily life,
identifiable settings
• Painting by secular
artists, not monks
LIMBOURG BROTHERS, Les Très Riches
Heures du Duc de Berry, 1413–1416. Fig. 89.
Holy
Roman
Empire
MARTIN SCHONGAUER,
Saint Anthony Tormented
by Demons,
ca. 1480–1490. Fig. 8-12.
Holy Roman Empire
Example:
• Print, engraving
• Cross-hatches for
shading
• Surface description of
textures
• Printing responds to rise
in literacy and improved
economy
MARTIN SCHONGAUER,
Saint Anthony Tormented
by Demons,
ca. 1480–1490. Fig. 8-12.
Italy
Dates and Places:
• 1400-1500
• Independent courts on
the Italian peninsula
People:
• Humanism
• Revival of classical
learning
• Self-aggrandizing patrons
LORENZO GHIBERTI, Sacrifice of Isaac,
1401–1402. Fig. 8-14.
Italy
Themes:
• Life of Christ and the
Virgin Mary
• Secular life
• Classical themes
Forms:
• Linear perspective
• Classical forms
• Optical naturalism
• Window onto the
world
PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA,
Flagellation of Christ, ca. 1455–
1465. Fig. 8-35.
Italy
LORENZO GHIBERTI, Gates of
Paradise, 1425–1452. Fig. 815.
Italy
Example:
• Civic commission
• Bronze doors of
baptistery
• Linear perspective
• Aerial perspective
• Classical models
• Story-telling narrative
clarity
LORENZO GHIBERTI, Gates of
Paradise, 1425–1452. Fig. 8-15.
Italy
DONATELLO, David, ca. 1440–
1460. Fig. 8-19.
Italy
Example:
• First nude sculpture
since antiquity
• Bronze cast sculpture
• Civic symbol of Florence
• Private patron (Medici)
• Sensuous contrapposto
for calm hero
DONATELLO, David, ca. 1440–1460. Fig.
8-19.
Italy
DONATELLO,
Gattamelata, ca. 1445–
1453.
Fig. 8-20.
Italy
Example:
• Public monument
• Bronze equestrian
portrait
• Modeled after Marcus
Aurelius
• Contemporary
condottiere dressed as
Roman general
• Image of strength and
power
DONATELLO, Gattamelata,
ca. 1445–1453.
Fig. 8-20.
Italy
MASACCIO, Holy Trinity, ca. 1424–1427.
Fig. 8-23.
Italy
Example:
• Fresco in church, donor
portraits
• Applies linear perspective
based on location of viewer’s
eye
• Illusionistic extension of
viewer’s space
• Classical architectural
vocabulary
MASACCIO, Holy Trinity, ca.
1424–1427. Fig. 8-23.

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