 INTERNATIONAL AVIATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE ICAO/McGill Worldwide Conference David Batchelor DG for Mobility and Transport European Commission 26 September 2010

Report
 INTERNATIONAL AVIATION
AND CLIMATE CHANGE
ICAO/McGill Worldwide Conference
David Batchelor
DG for Mobility and Transport
European Commission
26 September 2010
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Outline of presentation
The climate change challenge
The 37th ICAO Assembly
International aviation and emissions trading
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EU climate change policy
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Tackling climate change is urgent – action required now
The EU’s objective is to limit global temperature increase to 2°C
above pre-industrial levels
EU now has legislation in place to deliver a 20% reduction in CO2
emissions below 1990 levels by 2020
EU will increase target to a 30% reduction below 1990 levels by
2020 in the context of international agreement on climate change
EU leaders recognise that 80 – 95% reductions in the EU’s
emissions are necessary by 2050
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Global vision for <2°C: peak by 2020 and
deep cuts by 2050
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Aviation emissions: forecasts indicate
significant growth for the next decades
2020
63% to 88%
increase
2050
290% to 667%
increase
Source: ICAO GIACC/4-IP/1
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The 37th ICAO Assembly
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Key issues:
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Global goal
» EU supports global goal of 10% reduction in GHG
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emissions below 2005 levels by 2020
Global goal does not attribute specific obligations
Some states will contribute more towards global goal
than others
Framework for market-based measures
» Technological and operational measures insufficient on
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their own
Need to facilitate the implementation of market-based
measures
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International aviation and emissions
trading
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In 2004 ICAO endorsed inclusion of aviation
in emissions trading systems
Aviation included in EU ETS from 2012
Covers all flights departing from and arriving
at EU airports (with some exemptions)
EU recognises need for global solution
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Flexibility provisions in EU ETS
Where a 3rd country adopts measures to
reduce the climate impacts of flights arriving in
the EU:
» EU will ensure optimal interaction between
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measures
Legislation enables exemptions for arriving
flights from scope of the EU ETS
In case of agreement on global measures, EU
would amend Directive as necessary
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Conclusions
Clear that international aviation must
contribute to tackling climate change
37th Assembly presents opportunity for ICAO
to demonstrate leadership through:
» establishment of clear and ambitious goals
» framework for measures
Global framework must facilitate adoption of
measures by states
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