Opening Public Procurement in Slovakia

Report
principally financed by the EU
A joint initiative of the OECD and the European Union,
Public Procurement
Monitoring In Azerbaijan
and Abroad
Zuzana Dančíková, Transparency International Slovakia
Baku, 17.4.2013
© OECD
Why is monitoring public
procurement an issue?
• In Slovakia € 3,9 billion was spent in public procurement
in 2012 (15 % of total government expenditure)
• According to a survey, Slovak businesses believe on
average 13 % of the value of a tender goes to bribes.
• € 500 million could be saved annually, the equivalent of
 16 new hospitals
 51 km of new highways
 21 % pay raise for all young teachers
2
Why is monitoring public
procurement an issue?
TI Slovakia experience suggests:
Monitoring procurement based on aggregate
procurement data leads to savings by
• Introducing better policy based on evidence
• Pointing to individual cases of inefficient procurement
3
What to monitor in public
procurement?
 Formal procurement process
 Substance of procurement
 Individual level
 Aggregate level
Monitoring public procurement in Slovakia: Civil society supplements the State
Publishing data
Monitoring
procurement
procedure
Monitoring
procurement
substance
Individual level
State
State
Aggregate level
Civil society
Civil society
Civil society
Civil society
Civil society
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How do we monitor procurement?
1. COMPILATION & PRESENTATION OF AGGREGATE
DATA
Transparency International Slovakia has developed a
web portal tender.sme.sk , which allows us to compile
available data on individual cases of procurement and
present aggregate data
2. ANALYSIS & INVESTIGATION
Aggregate data enables us to analyze trends in
procurement & investigate individual tenders
5
Compiling and presenting aggregate
data
• Daily automatic downloads of tender notices
from the state Office for Public Procurement
• Automatic collection of predefined information
from downloaded notices
• Automatic republication of collected data in a
user-friendly way
6
Compiling and presenting data: Individual vs.
aggregate procurement data
7
Compiling and presenting data: Collecting
information from individual tender notices
Source: e-vestnik.sk
8
Compiling and presenting data: Defining
relevant data
Searchable data:
Descriptive data:
Calculated data:
•Supplier
•Procurer
•Procured article
•Region
•Year
•Type of procedure
•Expected price
•Final price
•Number of bids
•Overall procured
volumes
•Average
competition
9
Compiling and presenting data: Aggregate
information about an individual procurer
Source: tender.sme.sk 10
Compiling and presenting data: Information
about an individual tender in context
Source: tender.sme.sk
11
Analysis of trends in procurement &
investigation of individual tenders
Analysis of aggregate data allows us to answer
policy questions such as:
• Does public procurement in a particular sector
(e.g. healthcare) require special oversight?
• If mandatory electronic auctions are introduced
in public procurement, do savings occur?
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Analysis of trends in procurement & investigation of
individual tenders: Closer attention should be paid to
public procurement in Slovak health care
Tenders by Number of Bids
Proportion of all hospital tenders
1600
54,6 %
1400
1200
1000
800
20,4 %
600
11,7 %
400
6,8 %
200
2,8 %
1,5 %
1%
0,4 %
0,4 %
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Number of Bids in Tender
Source: tender.sme.sk 13
Analysis of trends in procurement & investigation of
individual tenders: Closer attention should be paid to
public procurement in Slovak health care
FINDINGS:
• More than half of all tenders in healthcare receive just a
single a bid
• 35 million EUR (14% of annual procurement expenditure
in health care) could be saved if number of bids in
single-bid tenders increased to two
IMPACT:
• 40 media citations, most cited analysis by Slovak
commentators
• 2 months later Ministry of Health strengthened oversight
over state hospitals
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Analysis of trends in procurement & investigation of
individual tenders: Mandatory e-auctions save public
money
Source: SDKU-DS 15
Analysis of trends in procurement & investigation of
individual tenders: Mandatory e-auctions save public
money
FINDINGS:
- Rising number of bids in tenders is associated
with increasing savings
- Savings are more significant when e-auctions
are used
IMPACT:
• Widely cited by media
• Promotion of mandatory e-auction in political
parties’ programs
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Analysis of trends in procurement & investigation of
individual tenders: Searching for bad deals
• Medical equipment
often said to be
bought inefficiently
• CT tenders over
last 5 years
investigated (27)
• Price differences of
up to 100 % found:
CORRUPTION
Source: tender.sme.sk, hospitals 17
Technical conditions
Good quality
data
Good
understanding
of policies and
procedures
IT Skills
Funds (project
source codes
and
documentation
available)
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Way forward
Monitoring procurement leads to savings. What is next?
• Closer involvement of all stakeholders (government,
journalists, public)
• New features:
 Collecting information on calls for tenders
 Introducing notifications
• Opening further data, e.g. Open Contracts (in Slovakia all
public contracts, invoices and orders have to be
published online before they enter into force).
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THANK YOU!
http://tender.sme.sk/en/
[email protected]
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