Unit 8 For the Glory of Sports (II) Part I Warming up A. Pre-listening 1. Do you have any idea what is the most popular sport in the United States? While Listening Play the tape once and have the students fill in the chart with the missing information Soccer: (association football) A game played on a rectangular field with net goals at either end in which two teams of 11 players each try to drive a ball into the other's goal by kicking, heading, or using any part of the body except the arms and hands. The goalie is the only player who may touch or move the ball with the arms or hands. In the United States, the word football generally refers only to the American game; in other parts of the world it usually means soccer. Football, amateur and professional, is perhaps the most popular spectator sport in the United States, attracting a total attendance of over 40 million and watched by many more millions on television each year. Rugby A game played by two teams of 15 players each on a rectangular field 110 yards long with goal lines and goal posts at either end, the object being to run with an oval ball across the opponent's goal line or kick it through the upper portion of the goal posts, with forward passing and timeouts not permitted. Key 1. By the number of people who pay to watch it played by professional teams ---baseball 2. By the number of people who watch games on television or listen on radio ---American football 3. By the number of people who play the sport ---soccer B. Vocabulary 1. elbow: 胳膊肘 2. squeeze：press on sth. from opposite sides or all sides squeeze one’s fists tightly 3. hip: 臀部；胯部 4. rotate：turn around 5. clasp: hold sth. tightly His hands were clasped together in prayer. Key 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. D H A C i 6. C 7. G 8. B 9. J 10. F Part II The Sporting Spirit A. Talking about football supporters I. Vocabulary 1. affectionate: showing fondness; loving He is very affectionate towards his kids. an affectionate child 2. aggressive: offensive; ready to attack 3. knock out: eliminate sb from a competition by defeating him France knocked the Belgium out of the European Cup. 4. smash: be broken into pieces I heard the sound of a glass smashing on the floor. 5. terraces: open areas where spectators stand ate football and rugby matches Wimbledon A district of southern Greater London, England. It is the site of a major annual tennis tournament While-listening 1. Finish the exercise in note form key Section 1 1. a. In daily life: nice/friendly/warm/affectionate b. After a football match: drunk/ aggressive/ scream/ shout/ push people around/ smash glasses /monsters. 2. He finds it difficult to understand why normal, nice people behave so badly at football matches. Section 2 3. Enjoy themselves/ no aggression or violence Section 3 4. Rugby/ tennis 5. They sit there silently throughout. Post-listening 2. Have the students retell the main ideas by referring to the notes. B. vocabulary 1. cricket: An outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets by two teams of 11 players each, teams take turns trying to score runs 板球 2. inclination: a feeling that you want to do sth. I have neither the time nor the inclination to play cards. 3. orgy: an activity that is done in an excessive or extreme way 放纵 an orgy of killing and destruction 4. deduce: arrive at a conclusion or facts or a theory by reasoning 5. utmost: greatest; most extreme 6. patriotism: love of one’s country and ready to defend it 7. disgrace: bring shame on sb. or oneself He disgraced his parents. She disgraced herself by getting drunk. 8. combative: willing to argue or fight 9. instinct: a natural feeling that makes one choose to act in a particular way 10. mimic: imitated or pretended mimic warfare: 模拟战争 11. spectator： viewer; audience 12. absurd: ridiculous 13. at any rate: in any case 14. virtue: moral goodness or excellence Part III Extracurricular activities Training focus: outlining A. Have the students listen to Part IV which are short talks on listening skills—Representing the Ideas Clear and Clean—Outlining B. After they finish the blank filling, have them answer the following questions 1. What is outlining? Why is it useful? 2. What do people use to show which ideas are most important? Key 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. classifying and organizing ideas Ability the facts or ideas are related to one another Roman 6. Arabic 7. Letters 8. standard form 9. decreasing importance 10. capital letters 11. small letters 12. to the left 13. to the right 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. equal the same distance easy to see the ideas before and after it No punctuation Outlining Practice Vocabulary 1. extracurricular: outside the regular course or work of school or college. 2. specifics: particular aspects or precise details 3. reserve: keep sth. for later occasion or special use reserve a plane ticket 4. elite: very good 5. intramural: intended for full-time students living within a college 6. chorus: a group of singers; choir 7. be involved in: take part in 8. compulsory: that must be done; required by the rules English is a compulsory course at college and university. Elementary and secondary education is compulsory in Britain. 9. specialty: interest, activity. skill, etc to which person gives particular attention or in which he specializes 10. a host of: a large number of people or things He has a host of friends. 11. run through: discuss or read sth. quickly I will run through the list of the things we are going to buy. 12. annual: every year; once a year 13. sum up: give a brief summary 14. vocation: person’s trade or profession 15. last but not the least: last but no less important than the others Key Outline I. The speaker’s self-introduction A. occupation: a secondary school teacher B. involvement in extracurricular activities 1. Primarily in the sports field 2. Supporting many of the other areas. II. Extracurricular activities offered in the school A. sporting activities 1. An inter-school activity 2. An intramural activity B. the music program 1. Two parts a. band b. chorus/ choir 2. Advantage: good for the students’ personal development. 3. specialty groups a. jazz band b. jazz singers C. other extracurricular activities 1. a math club 2. a science club 3. an annual club 4. a newspaper club 5. an outdoors club 6. a chess club 7. a cooking club III. The reasons why these extracurricular activities are offered A. helping students fill their time in a positive way. B. helping students build skills which may be used for their future vocation C. providing fun and enjoyment 1. for teachers: in sponsoring the activities 2. for students: in participating the activities.