Unit 8 For the Glory of Sports (II)

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Unit 8
For the Glory of Sports (II)
Part I Warming up
A.
Pre-listening
1. Do you have any idea what is the
most popular sport in the United States?
While Listening
Play the tape once and have the
students fill in the chart with the
missing information
Soccer: (association football) A game
played on a rectangular field with net
goals at either end in which two teams
of 11 players each try to drive a ball
into the other's goal by kicking,
heading, or using any part of the body
except the arms and hands. The goalie
is the only player who may touch or
move the ball with the arms or
hands.
In the United States, the word football generally refers only to
the American game; in other parts of the world it usually means
soccer. Football, amateur and professional, is perhaps the most
popular spectator sport in the United States, attracting a total
attendance of over 40 million and watched by many more
millions on television each year.
Rugby
A game played by two teams of 15
players each on a rectangular field
110 yards long with goal lines and
goal posts at either end, the object
being to run with an oval ball across
the opponent's goal line or kick it
through the upper portion of the goal
posts, with forward passing and timeouts not permitted.
Key
1. By the number of people who pay to watch
it played by professional teams
---baseball
2. By the number of people who watch
games on television or listen on radio
---American football
3. By the number of people who play the
sport
---soccer
B.
Vocabulary
1. elbow: 胳膊肘
2. squeeze:press on sth. from opposite
sides or all sides
squeeze one’s fists tightly
3. hip: 臀部;胯部
4. rotate:turn around
5. clasp: hold sth. tightly
His hands were clasped together in prayer.
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
D
H
A
C
i
6. C
7. G
8. B
9. J
10. F
Part II The Sporting Spirit
A. Talking about football supporters
I. Vocabulary
1. affectionate:
showing fondness; loving
He is very affectionate towards his kids.
an affectionate child
2. aggressive:
offensive; ready to attack
3. knock out:
eliminate sb from a competition by defeating
him
France knocked the Belgium out of the
European Cup.
4. smash:
be broken into pieces
I heard the sound of a glass smashing on the
floor.
5. terraces:
open areas where spectators stand ate
football and rugby matches
Wimbledon
A district of southern
Greater London, England. It
is the site of a major annual
tennis tournament
While-listening
1. Finish the exercise in note form
key
Section 1
1.
a. In daily life:
nice/friendly/warm/affectionate
b. After a football match: drunk/
aggressive/ scream/ shout/ push
people around/ smash glasses
/monsters.
2. He finds it difficult to understand why normal,
nice people behave so badly at football
matches.
Section 2
3. Enjoy themselves/ no aggression or
violence
Section 3
4. Rugby/ tennis
5. They sit there silently throughout.
Post-listening
2. Have the students retell the main
ideas by referring to the notes.
B. vocabulary
1. cricket: An outdoor game played
with bats, a ball, and wickets by two
teams of 11 players each, teams take
turns trying to score runs
板球
2. inclination:
a feeling that you want to do sth.
I have neither the time nor the
inclination to play cards.
3. orgy:
an activity that is done in an excessive
or extreme way
放纵
an orgy of killing and destruction
4. deduce:
arrive at a conclusion or facts or a theory by
reasoning
5. utmost:
greatest; most extreme
6. patriotism:
love of one’s country and ready to defend it
7. disgrace: bring shame on sb. or oneself
He disgraced his parents.
She disgraced herself by getting drunk.
8. combative:
willing to argue or fight
9. instinct:
a natural feeling that makes one choose to
act in a particular way
10. mimic:
imitated or pretended
mimic warfare: 模拟战争
11. spectator:
viewer; audience
12. absurd:
ridiculous
13. at any rate:
in any case
14. virtue:
moral goodness or excellence
Part III Extracurricular activities
Training focus: outlining
A. Have the students listen to Part IV
which are short talks on listening
skills—Representing the Ideas Clear
and Clean—Outlining
B.
After they finish the blank filling,
have them answer the following questions
1.
What is outlining? Why is it useful?
2.
What do people use to show
which ideas are most important?
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
classifying and organizing ideas
Ability
the facts or ideas
are related to one another
Roman
6. Arabic
7. Letters
8. standard form
9. decreasing importance
10. capital letters
11. small letters
12. to the left
13. to the right
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
equal
the same distance
easy to see
the ideas before and after it
No punctuation
Outlining
Practice
Vocabulary
1. extracurricular:
outside the regular course or work of school
or college.
2. specifics:
particular aspects or precise details
3. reserve:
keep sth. for later occasion or special use
reserve a plane ticket
4. elite:
very good
5. intramural:
intended for full-time students living within a
college
6. chorus:
a group of singers; choir
7. be involved in:
take part in
8. compulsory:
that must be done; required by the rules
English is a compulsory course at college and
university.
Elementary and secondary education is
compulsory in Britain.
9. specialty:
interest, activity. skill, etc to which person
gives particular attention or in which he
specializes
10. a host of:
a large number of people or things
He has a host of friends.
11. run through:
discuss or read sth. quickly
I will run through the list of the things we are
going to buy.
12. annual:
every year; once a year
13. sum up:
give a brief summary
14. vocation:
person’s trade or profession
15. last but not the least:
last but no less important than the
others
Key
Outline
I. The speaker’s self-introduction
A. occupation: a secondary school teacher
B. involvement in extracurricular activities
1. Primarily in the sports field
2. Supporting many of the other areas.
II. Extracurricular activities offered in
the school
A. sporting activities
1. An inter-school activity
2. An intramural activity
B. the music program
1. Two parts
a. band
b. chorus/ choir
2. Advantage: good for the students’
personal development.
3. specialty groups
a. jazz band
b. jazz singers
C. other extracurricular activities
1. a math club
2. a science club
3. an annual club
4. a newspaper club
5. an outdoors club
6. a chess club
7. a cooking club
III. The reasons why these
extracurricular activities are offered
A. helping students fill their time in a
positive way.
B. helping students build skills which
may be used for their future vocation
C. providing fun and enjoyment
1. for teachers: in sponsoring the
activities
2. for students: in participating the
activities.

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