Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

Report
How the pilot project “Product Environmental
Footprint Category Rules” (PEFRC) benefits the
coatings industry
Emilie Carasso
25 September 2014
1
Overview
• What are we talking about, and why are we talking about it?
• Didn’t we already work on that?
• What’s PEF about then?
• And what’s in it for us?
2
What are we talking about, and why are we
talking about it?
3
Definitions LCA methodology
LCA
(Life Cycle Assessment)
4
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA):
• Compare the full range of
effects assignable to
products and services
Definitions LCA methodology
LCA
LCI
(Life
Cycle Assessment)
(Life
Cycle
Inventory)
5
Life Cycle Inventory (LCI):
• Data of the various
inputs and outputs
within a certain system
(energy/water
consumption, CO2
emissions, etc.)
Definitions LCA methodology
6
CEPE sustainability charter
Voted in Seville in 2012
Quote from CEPE’s Sustainability
charter:
CEPE members will be encouraged in
future to also identify and analyse the
broader environmental effects of their
products (carbon footprint, water usage
etc.) over the product’s Life Cycle (from
cradle to grave).
7
Why is it important?
Pressure on the industry from various sides:
• Consumers (Ecolabels, etc.)
• Retailers (B&Q and Brico working on their green image)
• Legislators (e.g. France & Germany request EPDs in specific situations)
• Green building schemes
8
Didn’t we already work on that?
9
Goals CEPE LCI Project
To get the coatings industry started with understanding and managing its products’
environmental footprints throughout the life cycle:
• Collect industry data on the paint production processes to define standard
industry LCI data
• Jointly build an LCI database for the most common raw materials used in the
industry, and make it the recommended database for paints
• Help CEPE members understand and answer Life Cycle / EPD / footprint questions
10
• Input from all CEPE sectors
• Total of 290 RM identified
• Contacted RM associations
Cradle
11
• 3 processes identified
• Collection of on-site information
CEPE LCI Project deliverables
CEPE Eco footprint tool
Databases +
documents
Further utilization by:
Sector groups
Country organizations
Individual companies
12
What about this part?
Cradle
?
13
Other points not tackled yet
Environmental Product Declarations
(EPDs)
Construction VS Coatings needs;
national requirements
14
Communication on environmental
performance
Discussion on labels, scorecards etc.
(started in France)
What’s PEF about then?
15
EU Single Market for Green Products
Problem statement EU (April 2013)
“A company wishing to market its product as green in several Member State markets
faces a confusing range of choices of methods and initiatives, and might find it needs
to apply several of them in order to prove the product's green credentials. This is
turning into a barrier for the circulation of green products in the Single Market.”
• PEF (Product Environmental Footprint) is the European standard method to
declare your environmental impact
• PEF pilot project to test the methodology on 27 real products
16
PEF Pilot - high level planning
• Started in November 2013
• 2014 – 2016 PEF pilot decorative paints
– 2014: Write PCR’s (PEF calculation rules)
– 2015: Create PEF studies and background reports
– 2016: Communication of PEF study results to users
• 2017 – 2018: Evaluation of results by commission
• 2019 onwards: (if successful) Possible to use of PEF method in legislation
and voluntary schemes
17
PEF – Technical Secretariat
Paint manufacturers
- AkzoNobel
- Crown / Hempel
- DAW
- Jotun
- PPG
- ONIP (SME)
CEPE
VdL - German National Association
18
Suppliers
- IMA – industrial minerals
- PlasticsEurope
PEF – Other TS of interest
Construction related:
• Decorative paints
• Hot and cold water supply pipes
• Metal sheets
• Photovoltaic electricity generation
• Thermal insulation
Chemicals related:
• Household detergents
Other pilots
•
•
19
Batteries and accumulators; Intermediate paper product (JRC); IT equipment;
Leather; Non-leather shoes; Stationery; T-shirts; Uninterruptible Power Supply
Beer; Coffee; Dairy; Feed for food-producing animals; Fish; Meat (bovine, pigs,
sheep); Olive oil; Packed water; Pasta; Pet food (cats & dogs); Wine
PEF Pilot – Representative(s) product(s)
•
Scope: decorative paints
•
84 % market represented
a) ‘matt coatings for interior walls and ceilings'
b) ‘glossy coatings for interior walls and ceilings‘
-> Together = 58% of 2012 EU market per volume
c) ‘coatings for exterior walls of mineral substrate'
-> 19% of 2012 EU market per volume
d) ‘interior/exterior trim and cladding paints for wood, metal or plastic'
-> 7% of 2012 EU market per volume
20
PEF Pilot – Representative(s) product(s)
• Decision to look at 6 real products for screening
•
•
•
Indoor variations covered: colored/white + mat/glossy
Trim variation: waterborne / solventborne
At least one product per category
21
PEF Pilot – work done
• Life Cycle Analysis : look at details of our supply chain : define average distances
travelled, downstream scenario (typical paint job, emissions, end of life etc. )
• Work on quality level of paint – which properties matter? Both decorative and
protective parameters to look into, differences in geography etc.
• Discussions to get agreement between companies as scrutiny from European
Commission afterwards
22
PEF Pilot – work done
• On average – 1 meeting / confcall per month since November
• Time consuming - Paints pilot project management done by CEPE, some pilots have
hired consultants
• Different approach leading to shorter documents, “straight to the point”
• Dynamics are very positive – part of a group of people pushing for LCA,
more attention on the topic (increase with food pilots)
23
And what’s in it for us?
24
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PEF – Benefits for us
• Creation of level playing field in sustainability
-> Similar goal as CEPE LCI project
• Alignment of PEF methodology with Construction Products EN 15804
- > Currently, paint industry in between the construction / coatings world
26
PEF – Benefits for us
• Avoid multiplication of labels / schemes in EU
PEF = same calculation
-> different ways to communicate
27
PEF – Benefits for us
• Future use of PEF in voluntary schemes (e.g. Ecolabel)
• If LCI data available generally, potentially in mandatory policy
Being a part of the pilot phase
= making PEF work for us by
influencing methodology and
key parameters
28
Any question?
29

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