Psychoanalytic Approaches Themes: 1. determinism 2. conflict 3. unconscious 4. psychoanalytic interpretation “life is not easy!” - Freud.

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Psychoanalytic Approaches
Themes:
1. determinism
2. conflict
3. unconscious
4. psychoanalytic interpretation
“life is not easy!” - Freud
Freud’s approach
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Case study
Psychoanalysis
Free association
Energy systems
Freud’s assumptions
1. Development is
driven by biology
2. Early experiences
engender adult
personality
3. Early social life is
important
4. Pleasure is sexual
from the get go
Emphasis on process of personality
• Energy system
– Libido
– thanatos
• Instincts/drives
• Anxiety
• Defense mechanisms
– Denial
– Repression
Freud’s Model of the Mind
Topographical model of
the mind
1. Conscious
2. Preconscious
3. Unconscious
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Primary process
thinking
Secondary process
thinking
Freud’s structure continued
Structural Model of the
Mind
• Id
• Ego
• Superego
Growth and Development of
Personality
Five Stages
1. oral
2. Anal
3. Phallic
4. Latent
5. genital
Oral Stage
• Oral stimulation
• Crucial task is
weaning
• Oral receptive
character
Anal Stage
• Bowel movements—
holding and expelling
• Crucial task is toilet
training
• Anal character –
obsessive, rigid,
overly perfectionistic
Phallic Stage
• Genitals – masturbation
• Oedipal complex
• Phallic character
– Male
– female
• Latent Stage
• Genital Stage
Thought Question
It has been said that psychanalytic theory
suffers from a number of cultural biases
due to the limitation in kinds of patients
seen and the Victorian era from which the
concepts were originally derived. Which
concepts or parts of the theory would be
particular targets for arguments of cultural
bias?
Assessment
Projective techniques
•
ambiguous stimuli
• Not told purpose
• Subjective
e.g. Rorschach
Behavior Change
1. Free association
2. Dream analysis
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Manifest content
Latent content
Symbols
3. Insight

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