Resources to Support a StandardsBased Education for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities Ricki Sabia edCount, LLC Senior Associate and NCSC Technical Assistance and Parent Training Specialist NCSC Background • NCSC received a federal grant in 2010 and began developing a new alternate assessment in math and ELA to be completed by the 2014-15 school year.* • NCSC also developed curriculum/instructional resources for teaching students with significant cognitive disabilities for use by any state: https://wiki.ncscpartners.org. • Twenty-four partner states and five national centers comprise NCSC: http://www.ncscpartners.org/. *Individual states may have different implementation timelines for the NCSC assessment. NCSC Member States • NCSC’s original states are Arizona, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Indiana, Louisiana, Pacific Assessment Consortium (PAC‐6), Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Wyoming. • States that joined later are Arkansas, California, Delaware, Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Montana, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and the US Virgin Islands. Importance of NCSC Resources for Parents and Advocates • Free online curriculum and instruction resources support access to standards-based education for students with significant cognitive disabilities: https://wiki.ncscpartners.org. • Resources for parents (and others) summarize NCSC curriculum and instructional resources, assessment, and related issues: http://www.ncscpartners.org/resources. • There is a lot of state discretion, so follow up with your state’s Department of Education. NCSC and Common Core State Standards (CCSS) • NCSC’s work is based on the CCSS because almost all states had adopted those standards at the time NCSC was created. • Some partner states are no longer using CCSS, but still value the NCSC resources. • Much of the content covered by NCSC instructional resources is covered in the instruction for any state math and ELA standards. College and Career Readiness Includes Community Readiness • The NCSC definition of college and career readiness includes readiness for success in the community. • Without college and career ready skills, students with significant cognitive disabilities will likely: – – – – need greater supports throughout their lives; live and work in more segregated environments; have more difficulty finding and keeping employment; have more difficulty learning about and engaging in community activities; and – be easier to victimize. College and Career Ready Skills Important skills for ALL students, including those with significant cognitive disabilities, to obtain: • • • • • • Communicative competence Social skills to function well in small groups Independent and teamwork skills Problem solving Reading, writing, and math Skills for identifying and requesting supports See Parent Resources on College and Career Readiness and Communicative Competence NCSC Framework for Assessment and Curriculum/Instructional Materials Career College Community Curriculum Common Standards Learning Progressions Core Content Connectors Instruction Assessment Grade-Level Lessons Formative (ongoing during school year, monitors learning) Accommodations Systematic Instruction (carefully planned sequence for instruction) Summative (end of year or course, evaluates learning) Communicative Competence NCSC Curriculum and Instructional Resources: https://wiki.ncscpartners.org Learning Progressions Framework (LPF) • Shows the steps students typically take as they progress in a content area (e.g. math) towards a deeper, broader, more sophisticated understanding • Represents the essential core concepts and processes learned in a content area (sometimes called the “big ideas”) Hess, Karin K., (December 2011). Learning Progressions Frameworks Designed for Use with the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts & Literacy K-12. Core Content Connectors (CCCs) • NCSC used the LPF to identify key knowledge and skills (the “big ideas”) in each grade of the CCSS needed to make progress in later grades. • The “big ideas” were broken down into more teachable and assessable segments of content called CCCs, which are relevant even with nonCCSS standards. • CCCs operate as a starting point for instruction based on the CCSS. CCC Example • CCSS – Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. • CCC – Ask and answer* questions about key details in a text. *Instead of an oral or written response, some students may use picture symbols, character figures, props, etc. Content Modules Modules provide teachers with a deeper understanding of content to support effective planning, teaching, and learning. The Content Modules include: • Explanations and examples of the concepts • Key vocabulary • UDL tables with adaptations and modifications for a variety of student needs • Ideas for linking academic activities to real-world uses and college and career ready skills • Additional resources such as links, articles, PowerPoints, and sample lesson plans Instructional Families • Related CCCs grouped into families to show how they develop and work together across grades and grade bands (e.g. grades 6-8), and within a grade • Help educators see what is coming next so they can prepare students for future learning • Can be used to inform standards-based IEP goal-writing. Grade-span Learning Target from the Learning Progression Frameworks 16 Instructional Families for Data Analysis I (K-4) Reference to related CCSS Distribution of CCCs by Instructional Families and grade Element Cards • Help teachers plan instruction that promotes UDL and includes students with a wide range of abilities and needs • Provide suggested instructional strategies and supports • Are already written for many CCCs; these are meant to serve as models • A blank template is expected to be available as part of the post-project work by states Element Cards Curriculum Resource (CR) Guides Provide: • Examples of how the content is taught by general educators (e.g. essential knowledge, common misunderstandings, prior knowledge/skills needed, and activities used to teach the content) • UDL tables with adaptations and modifications for a variety of student needs • Ideas for linking academic activities to real-world uses and college and career ready skills • CCCs covered in the topic and performance examples Example of UDL Table in ELA Curriculum Resource Guide UDL Units and Lessons For more info on UDL, please visit www.udlcenter.org . • Purpose is to model how to plan for ALL students using the principles of UDL (multiple means of engagement, representation, and expression) • Structure: – One unit for math and one for ELA for each gradespan (ES, MS and HS) – Several lessons in each unit plus a “culminating activity” to tie the lessons together • Provides additional considerations for Emerging Readers and Emerging Communicators • Contains objectives, essential questions, vocabulary, and a list of materials Math/Language Activities for Scripted Systematic Instruction (MASSIs and LASSIs) • Provide intensive instruction on key concepts and symbols for use in any instructional setting • Incorporate evidence-based instructional practices • Provide teaching scripts to help teachers with systematic instruction • Designed with graduating levels of difficulty • Can be used in any educational setting, including general education classes and after school or weekend tutoring Math/Language Activities for Scripted Systematic Instruction (continued) • Provides examples of different ways a student can respond (e.g. writing, typing, speaking, eye gaze, and pointing) • Explains how to use the least intrusive prompts, to support independence • Describes other instructional strategies • Designed for use with MASSIs and LASSIs but can be used with UDL lessons Professional Development • Communities of Practice in partner states received professional development about the curriculum and instructional resources via webinars that are now publicly available at http://www.ncscpartners.org/resources-coppresentations. • Interactive professional development modules, including a communication toolkit, are available on the NCSC wiki at https://wiki.ncscpartners.org. Assessment Note: Details regarding the assessment are subject to change. NCSC assessments are in math and ELA, which includes reading and writing, for grades 3-8 and one in high school. NCSC Assessment Participation • States that will use the NCSC test in Spring 2015 for accountability purposes: AR, AZ, CT, DC, ID, IN, ME, MT, NM, PAC 6 (6 Pacific territories such asGuam), RI, SC, SD, US Virgin Islands • A state partnership has formed that will take the NCSC resources forward and secure a testing vendor to administer the test in the future. • Some states will secure their own testing vendor and pay a fee to the state partnership . • Other states may be continuing their existing AAAAS into the future. Assessment Details See parent documents about the assessment and talk to the school or education agency for more information. • Will contain 30-35 selected response (e.g. multiple choice) and constructed response items (for assessing writing skills – various ways to respond) • Can be taken in one day or paused and resumed as needed over multiple days • Emphasis on optimal testing conditions for students: built-in assessment features and accommodations for individualization • Taken online unless student has accommodations for paper version/scribe Parent Resources http://www.ncscpartners.org/resources https://wiki.ncscpartners.org Resources for Parents and Others More information can be found mid-page at http://www.ncscpartners.org/resources . • NCSC Alternate Assessment – NCSC Alternate Assessment FAQs – NCSC Commonly Asked Parent Questions – NCSC IEP Team Guidance For Participation in Alternate Assessment – NCSC Assessment Policies • College and Career Readiness – NCSC College and Career Readiness – NCSC College Career Ready (CCR) Policy Paper Summary Resources for Parents and Others • Communication Skills – NCSC Commitment to Communicative Competence • Tools for Sharing Information – NCSC Newsletter and Website Information for Parents – NCSC Discussion Points with Research – NCSC Value in States Without Common Core State Standards * There are also PowerPoints on the main topics and one that is comprehensive. Parent Resources – NCSC Wiki • There is also a link to the Resources for Parents (and Others) from the main page of the wiki. • Documents below will only be found through the main page of the wiki: – NCSC Wiki Navigation (single page and a more detailed document) – NCSC Tips for Parent Wiki Use – eight document series Wiki Navigation How to Find the Wiki • The NCSC wiki is an online site that is available to the public. • It can be easily accessed by entering wiki.ncscpartners.org in your browser’s search bar. • You can also find it by searching for the term “NCSC wiki.” The Wiki Main Page The main page of the wiki displays: • • • • • • links to other pages in the wiki; the NCSC schema; the NCSC Partners website; quick links to all resources by name; a tool bar at the top of the screen; and a search field is in the upper right corner. The Wiki Main Page The Wiki Main Page The organization of the wiki follows the NCSC schema. The schema is displayed on the home page to serve as a visual content guide. The Wiki Main Page NCSC wiki main page menu • • • • • Can be found on the left side of the screen Visible in all pages (or views) in the wiki Has active links to pages in the wiki Activated by clicking on the link Clicking on “Main page” or the NCSC icon will return the user to the home or main page The Wiki Main Page There are four links at the top of the page in Wiki Resources: • Curriculum Resources – resources found in the What to Teach section of the schema • Instructional Resources – resources found in the How to Teach section of the schema • Educator Professional Development and Parent Resources – presentations and interactive modules • Parent Tips and Tools – a long and short guide to navigation for parents and the wiki tips series The Wiki Main Page There are three links in the Quick Links section: • All Resources – a browser bar that displays curriculum and instructional resources by name • NCSC Partners – Parent Resources – the resources that are hosted in the NCSC Partners website, which include summaries, explanations, and descriptions of work related to the NCSC project • NCSC Partners – the NCSC partners’ website homepage, which contains more information about the National Center and State Collaborative All Resources Link (Bar) Once you are familiar with the names of the resources, this is a very quick way to go directly to the resource you want to view: Finding What You Need • Use the search bar in the top right corner of the wiki page to search for content within the wiki. • “Go” assumes you know the exact name of the page or document, “search” will bring up internet-like search results. Searching the Wiki Tools and Aids within the Wiki At the bottom of the page, look for links to printable materials that can be used with the NCSC resources, or for links to printable versions of the online content: At the top of the page, look for links to return you to primary pages: Tools and Aids within the Wiki • Links to additional resources appear throughout the wiki. • These links appear in lists and within the text. Tools and Aids within the Wiki The wiki provides references to assist with interpreting the NCSC resources. Conclusion • The wiki provides a quick way to navigate a large number of NCSC resources. • The wiki provides links to helpful outside resources. • The NCSC Curriculum and Instruction resources can be used by parents, as well as educators. • The NCSC Partners website has a resources tab that contains parent resources and other informative/summarized information about the work of NCSC Partners.