How Rhetorical Devices Enhance Characterization in Chapters 5-9 Abigail Fuad Catarina Olmstead Everett Wu Naomi Fuad Thesis James Thurber transports readers into his teen and young adult years in chapters 5-9, introducing us to both old and new characters. His anecdotal style enhances each character; and through his use of rhetorical devices, Thurber is able to enhance distinctive personality traits and reflect upon his own opinion of the person. Ch. 5: More Alarms at Night Mother: the peacekeeper Father: supposedly calm/collected, contrasted in chapter James Thurber: crazy Roy (also Buck): the teenage prankster Herman: the lost bystander Ch. 5: More Alarms at Night Hyperboles Alliteration Repetition Assonance Caesuras Diction Ch. 5: More Alarms at Night Hyperboles “...my brother was the last person in the world to give way to delirium.” (pg 41) Repetition “...thousands and millions and hundreds of thousands of millions of times…”(pg 43) [Thurber laying awake at night] Assonance “...terra cotta, Walla-Walla, bill of lading, vice versa, hoity-toity, Pall Mall, Bodley Head, Heink…” (pg 43) [Thurber trying to think of the name Perth Amboy] Caesuras “While he hastily pulled his clothes--I remember he left his socks off and put his shoes on his barefeet--father began to name…” (pg 44) “...which I understand now--but didn’t then--was meant to humor me.” (pg 44) Ch 5: More Alarms at Night Diction “...vexed…” (pg 41) [irritated, annoyed] “...nettled…” (pg 42) [irritated, provoked] “...aberrancy…” (pg 43) [deviating from the ordinary, abnormal] Ch. 5 More Alarms at Night Caesura (continuation) “‘Jersey City, Atlantic City, Elizabeth, Paterson, Passaic, Trenton, Jersey City, Trenton, Paterson--’” (pg 44) [Father giving Thurber cities] Alliteration “...stood in front of a bureau mirror, brushing his hair with a pair of military brushes; it always seemed to calm father to brush his hair.(pg 42) [Father calming himself after “Buck” scared him] Theriomorphism “...unruly, becomes monstrously tousled and snarled at night…” [Thurber’s state when waking his father up] Apostrophe “‘Wha’s it?’” (pg 44)[Thurber’s father’s response to the waking] Ch. 6: A Sequence of Servants Alliteration-”They were (in addition to Juanita) Juanemma, Juanhalen, and Juangrace” (page 47) Hyperbole - “I remember clearly ten or twelve of them. (we had about a hundred and sixty-two, all told, but a few of them were memorable” (page 46) Anaphora- “Heah eh come! Heah he come! (page 50) [Vashti] “Doah go up dere, doah go up there” (page 50) Simile - “She was in and out of our house like a comet” (page 50) [Belle Giddin] Continued Oxymoron - “unholy priest” (page 47) [ Juanemma and her different periods of being hypnotized] Caesura- “ All the time she was with u, quietly and efficently attending to her work, until the night we had Carson Blair and F. R. Gardiner to dinner - both men of importance to my father's ambitions” (page 53) [Edda and her episode] Characters Dora Gedd- The memorable servant: a quiet mousy girl, who threw the house into an uproar Juanemma Krammer- The Favorite: Her fears were very apparent as well as her mom’s love for the name Juanita. One of the most quirky characters presented in the chapter Belle Giddin - The passing one: She burnt her finger one night to try and test if painkillers that she bought worked or not Vashti- The Negress: She was always able to find things that mother had lost, she claimed that her stepfather desired for her. However, she did not have a stepfather and Charley left her for another women Mrs. Doddy- The fast one: She chased father around the home on the second day and was dismissed after that Mrs. Robertson - The Slave: She was a slave in the South and she constantly feared that something was going to happen to her. Edda Millmoss - The one who is forgotten: She is mentioned last and for only a paragraph. She claims father done her out of her rights for land Ch. 7: The Dog That Bit People James Thurber Mother Muggs Uncle Horatio Ch. 7: The Dog That Bit People Alliteration Personification Caesura Understatement Simile Hyperbole Diction Ch. 7: The Dog That Bit People Alliteration ● “...big, burly, choleric dog” [pg 55] Personification ● “he always acted as if he thought I wasn’t one of the family” [pg 55] ● “He was sorry immediately... He was always sorry” [pg 55] ● “Muggs could read him like a book” [pg 56] ● “...but that he didn’t hold a grudge” [pg 56] ● “Muggs wavered on past him...grumbling to himself...” [pg 62] Ch. 7: The Dog That Bit People Caesura ● “Muggs -- he acted poisoned once in a while -- and old...” [pg 56] Understatement ● “...Muggs emerged from under a davenport where he had been quietly hiding all the time, and bit her again. Mother examined the bite and told Mrs. Deitweiler that it was only a bruise. “He just bumped into you” [pg 60] Ch. 7: The Dog That Bit People Simile ● “Muggs came wandering in like Hamlet following his father’s ghost” [pg 62] Hyperbole ● “He gave me more trouble than all the other fifty-four or -five put together...” (Thurber)[pg 54] ● “...he wasn’t afraid of any dog that ever lived...” (Uncle Horatio) [pg 60] Diction [Uncle Horatio] ● “...splutteringly indignant...” [pg 60] Ch 8: University Days James Thurber Botany Professor Bolenciecwcz Professor Bassum (Economics) Ch. 8: University Days Simile Hyperbole Caesura Theriomorphism Onomatopoeia Anaphora Personification Diction Ch. 8: University Days [Botany Prof.] Simile ● “The professor had come back from vacation brown as a berry” [pg 65] ● “He cut off abruptly for he was beginning to quiver all over, like Lionel Barrymore...” Hyperbole ● “...the professor said to me, grimly, ‘with every adjustment of the microscope known to man.’” [pg 65] Ch. 8: University Days [Botany Prof.] Caesura ● “‘In twenty-two years of botany, I --’” [pg 65] Personification ● “...a smile on his lips and his eyebrows high in hope...” [pg 65] Onomatopoeia ● “‘you didn’t, you didn’t, you *fefrft!’” [pg 65] Ch. 8: University Days [Bolenciecwcz] Simile ● “...he was not dumber than an ox...” [pg 67] Theriomorphism ● “No light came into the big tackle’s eyes.” [pg 67] Hyperbole ● “Bolenciecwcz had the look of a man who is being led into a trap.” [pg 67] Ch. 8: University Days [Bolenciecwcz] Onomatopoeia ● ● ● ● “‘Choo-choo-choo,’ [Mr. Bassum] said” [pg 67] “‘Toot, toot, toooooooooot!’” [pg 68] “‘Ding, dong, ding, dong,’” [pg 68] “‘ChufEa. chuffa, chufiz chuffa.’” (Mr. Bassum) [pg 68] Anaphora ● “...his great brow furrowed, his huge hands rubbing together, his face red.” [pg 68] Ch. 8: University Days [Bolenciecwcz] Diction ● “‘M’father sent me’” [pg 68] ● “‘I git an ‘lowance’” [pg 68] Ch. 8: University Days [Thurber] Simile ● “The uniform which... had made me look like an interurban railway conductor...” [pg 71] ● “...made me look like Bert Williams in his bellboy act.” [pg 73] Anaphora ● “I didn’t like the swimming pool, I didn’t like swimming, and I didn’t like the swimming instructor...” [pg 68] Ch. 9: Board Nights: Grandfather Thurber speaks of him in a fond way, despite of all the crazy and negative things the Grandfather is described to do. The character created is that of an uncontrollable family member who is loved despite his strange behavior and sometimes unpredictable personality. Rhetorical Devices In Draft Board Nights “A famous old horseman, he approached it as he might have approached a wild colt… He always leaped into it quickly, as it it might pull out from under him…” pg.76 Draws connection from the grandfather to his past, and the way he approaches everything in his life. Rhetorical Devices cont. “Pulling too savagely on the guiding-bar- to teach the electric a lesson- was what took him around in a circle… He had the notion that if you didn’t hold her, she would throw you.” pg.76 “...he never got it out of his head that when he took the driver’s seat the machine flattened its ears on him, so to speak.” pg.78 Dr. Ridgeway/Doctors As the only doctor fully described in the chapter, he represents doctors in a negative light, as slightly incompetent and unpleasant, which corresponds with the way authority figures are portrayed in the rest of the novel. Dr. Ridgeway ● Represents the draft board as a whole and the rest of the doctors ● Humorous that doctors that determine if people are fit for war seem incompetent ● Characterization is achieved through Thurber’s style of digression and anecdotes Byron Landis The manager of an amusement park, a character that comes out of the blue. “...the manager of which was a tall, unexpected young man named Byron Landis.” pg.81 Thurber uses anecdotes to describe Byron’s behavior and attitude towards the world.