Pg 247 #1 & 2 Interpreting Graphs • 1. Which two groups made up the vast majority of the population in Spanish America? – Indians and Europeans • 2. Of the Europeans, which group— peninsulares or creoles—probably made up a larger percentage? – Creoles Pg 248 Question A • A) How did the French Revolution affect the colonists in the Americas? – The French Revolution inspired Latin Americans; the Haitians rebelled against the French when they were least able to respond. Pg 251 #1 & 2 Interpreting Maps • 1) What two European countries held the largest colonial empires in Latin America in 1800? – Spain and Portugal • 2) Comparing the two maps, which independent countries had emerged by 1830 from Spanish territory in the Americas? – Mexico, United Province of Central America, Gran Columbia, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, United Provinces of La Plata Pg 252 #1 • 1. • peninsulare-colonists who were born in Spain • creole-colonists who were born in Latin America to Spanish parents • mulatto-persons of mixed European and African ancestry • Simon Bolivar-leader of independence movements in Latin America • Jose de San Martin-leader of independence movements in Latin America • Miquel Hidalgo-early leader of Mexican independence movement • Jose Maria Morelos-later leader of Mexican independence movement Pg 252 #2 • 2. Which independence movement was led by Toussaint L’Ouverture? – Haiti: slaves, fought France; new nation – Spanish South America: Creoles, fought Spain; new nations – Mexico: Indians, mestizos, creoles; fought Spain; new nation Pg 252 #3 & 4 • 3. How was Spanish colonial society structured? – Penisulares at the top, then creoles, mestizos, mulattos, slaves, and Indians • 4. How was the Haitian Revolution different from revolutions in the rest of Latin America? – This revolt was accomplished by slaves. Pg 252 #5 & 7 • 5. Which groups led the quest for Mexican independence? – Creoles, mestizos, mulattos, and Indians • 7. Would creole revolutionaries tend to be democratic or authoritarian leaders? Explain – Democratic—Creoles are educated, knew Enlightenment ideas, economic interests – Authoritarian—military background, felt superior to lower classes; economic interests to protect Pg 252 #8 • 8. How were events in Europe related to the revolutions in Latin America? – French Revolution set off events linked to Haiti and the Spanish-held colonies. Napoleon's conquest of Europe also contributed.