Teaching Change of Direction

Teaching Change of
Steve Murray CSCS
Head Strength and Conditioning Coach
Macalester College
Change of Direction
• Technique
• Functional Strength
• Muscle ability
• Reaction
• Foot Placement
– Feet Slightly wider then shoulder width
– Weight on Balls of your feet
– Circle of Balance
• Athletic Stance
– Load Your Hips
• Sit your butt back
• Do not allow your knees over your toes
– Posture
• Shoulders, knees , and ball of foot should be lined up
– Shin Angle
• Steps
– Avoid pivoting, jumping, extra steps
– Deceleration and Acceleration
Muscle Ability
• Functional Strength
– Ability to hold and control your body in an athletic
• Lower body and core strength
• Power
– Ability to call up that strength quickly
• Reaction Strength
– Stretch shorting cycle
• Ability to stop the eccentric load and use the built up energy
in the concentric movement
Teaching Change of Direction
Movement into a hold
Hold with a movement
Movement into a
• Reaction
• Designed to teach landing mechanics and proper posture
• Holds are performed for 3 – 60 sec.
• Longer holds in the start
– Need to start with fundamental strength before progressing
from holds
– Longer holds in the start allow you to create the muscle
memory in a fatigued state
– Also more opportunity to hammer home technique and form
– Progression
• DL Holds, SL Holds, Positive Shin Angle, Forward Push Back, Backwards
Push Forward
Movement into a Hold
Once they are able to properly perform the holds you will start creating ways to
increase force as they get into the holds
Opportunity to work the eccentric portion of the stretch shortening cycle
Important to emphasis “sticking the landing”
The holds are 3 to 5 sec.
– Start with small simple movements.
• Easy for athletes to progress themselves through these basic movements
• Vertical jump with hold, broad jump with hold, box jumps, vertical jump
with SL hold, broad jump with SL hold, lateral jumps with SL hold
– Move into complex movements
• Ski hops with hold, forward run w/ hold, backward run with hold, run into
lateral hold, bounding with hold, 45 degree jumps into holds
• Progress from set stopping points to stopping on command or visual
Movement into a Movement
• Opportunity to start incorporating the full stretch
shortening cycle into your movements
• It is very important that they have progressed through the
first 2 stages and are able to properly hold and stick the
landing in both single and double leg exercises
• Progression
– Jump into Jump
• Double Jump(vertical), Continuous Broad Jumps, Continuous Single
Leg Forward Jumps, Standing Triple Jump,
– Jump into Jump Changing Direction
• Continuous Lateral Bounds, Forward Jump into Backwards Push Off,
Backwards Jump into Forward Push Off, 45 Degree Bounds, Forward
Jump into Lateral Push Off, Lateral Push Off into Forward jump
Movement into a Movement
• Run into Change of Direction
– Start with a jog and build up to a sprint
– Run into Bound
• Run into Push Back, Run into Lateral Bound, Run into 45
Degree Bound Cut Back, Run into Side Step
– Run into Run
• Single Movement Cutback
– Work all angles and directions
• Cone Drills
– Start with single plan cone drills and progress to multi plan
cone drills
– Without a predetermined stopping point, the stress on the
joints and ligaments is increased greatly during change of
• To stay injury free an athlete must have the mechanics, strength
and technique mastered
– Progression
• Run into Bound with voice command
– Ex. Run forward and on your command Lateral Bound back
• Run into Run Single Movement with voice command
– Ex. Run forward and on your command cut at 45 degree angle
• Run into Run Multiple Movements with voice command
– Single plan
» 5 Movement Reaction
– Multiple Plans
» 5 Cone Reaction
– Progression Cont.
• Partner Single Movement Reaction from set position
– Pro Agility Single Movement Reaction
• Partner Single Movement Reaction with predetermined
cutting point
– Pro Agility Double Movement Reaction
• Partner Multi Movement Reaction with predetermined
cutting points
– 4 Corner Partner Reaction
• Partner Reaction single plan
– Partner 5 Movement Reaction
• Partner Reaction with different foot patterns
– Partner 5 Movement Reaction with Foot Movement
• Steve Murray
– [email protected]
– 651-696-6748
• Fitness at Macalester
– http://athletics.macalester.edu/sports/2008/11/5
• http://www.youtube.com
– Channel: Macalesterfitness

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