ECE Work Session on Gender Statistics Geneve, 18-20 October 2004 Joint ECE-UNDP Assessment of official statistics related to gender equality in Eastern Europe and.

Report
ECE Work Session on Gender Statistics
Geneve, 18-20 October 2004
Joint ECE-UNDP Assessment of official
statistics related to gender equality in
Eastern Europe and CIS
Social and Demographic Statistics Section
UN Economic Commission for Europe - Statistical Division
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Why the assessment
UNDP wanted to re-focus the activities on gender
statistics in the region in order to better target it
to the needs of countries
Objective fully shared by ECE
An opportunity for ECE to better focus its own
activities to the needs of the countries
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Countries participating in the
assessment
Albania
Armenia
Estonia
Georgia
Macedonia
Moldova
Slovenia
Tajikistan
Azerbaijan
Hungary
Poland
Turkey
Belarus
Kazakhstan Romania
Turkmenistan
Bulgaria
Kyrgyzstan Russia
Ukraine
Croatia
Latvia
Czech Republic Lithuania
UNECE Statistical Division
Serbia
& Uzbekistan
Montenegro
Slovakia
WS Gender Statistics 2004
How the assessment was carried out
 Questionnaire sent to Gender Statistics Focal Points
(GSFP) in NSO
 Ad-hoc country visits (Ukraine, Serbia &
Montenegro, Azerbaijan)
 Consultations with donor active in gender statistics
in the region (Statistics Sweden)
 Workshop on gender statistics for Central Asian
countries (Ashgabat, July 2004)
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Key results
 Gender is recognized as an issue to be addressed
in the social and economic development of the
countries by most government officials but not all
 Most of the NSOs have an institutionalized
programme on gender statistics but no legal
framework
 Gender statistics programmes are confined into
social and demographic statistics and there is little
gender mainstreaming in NSOs
 Some GSFP act as such on an ad-hoc basis
 There are data gaps
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Key results
 Some users are frustrated because they find
official statistics not easy to access and not providing
the information they need
 Only three countries have not produced gender
publications in the last 5 years, but the coverage and
quality of the existing ones vary from country to
country
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Key results
 Gender statistics is an area where the donor
community provided a lot of support and results are
visible
 UNDP-ECE could identify the areas where
future assistance may be needed
 It is possible to distinguish two sets of countries
in respect to the development of gender statistics
programmes
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Data Gaps


Poverty
Participation in decision making
o Participation in elections
o Entrepreneurship





Gender attitudes
Domestic violence and other VAW
Informal employment
Time-use
School attendance
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Data Gaps
The need to have data on these areas is
particular relevant for the CIS and
EE region where there is a general
tendency to underestimate gender
issues
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
The reasons for the data Gaps
 Lack of sex-disaggregation in on-going
data collection activities
 Lack of resources to initiate new data
collection activities
 Underutilization of existing data
 Underutilization of existing data
collection activities to include genderrelevant modules
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Lack of sex disaggregated
data
 Production of statistics
 Business
 Agriculture
 Transport
 Dissemination of statistics
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
An example: Entrepreneurship
Number of countries with sex-disaggregated data
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Regular data dissemination
Sex is forgotten when data are
disaggregated using other
classifications
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
It is a matter of …
Data Collection
Gender Sensitization
Data Presentation
Gender Mainstreaming
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Lack of resources




VAW
Time-use
Informal employment
Trafficking
Lack of technical resources
Lack of financial resources
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Underutilization of existing data
 Poverty
 Wages
 Employment by occupation and status
 Census data
Better understanding of users’ needs
Better understanding of data availability
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Inclusion of ad-hoc modules on
on-going data collection
 Informal employment
 Labour Force Surveys
 School attendance
 Social and demographic surveys
 Census
GSFP to interact with the methodology department and
more involved in the activities of the NSO
Technical assistance to design such modules
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Main message
To Countries
Commitment to Engender the production
and dissemination of official statistics




Laws/regulations
Tools to mainstream gender into NSO
Optimal placing of GSFP in the organization of NSO
Permanent mechanisms to assure a constant dialogue
with users
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Main message
To International Organizations
To continue the support of gender statistics
- technical and financial assistance  To help countries to implement the above
 To help countries to address “emerging” issues
o VAW
o Time-use
o Informal employment
o Gender attitudes
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Main message
To International Organizations
Two approaches
 To address emerging statistical issues common to countries
o VAW
o Gender attitudes
o Time-use
o Informal employment
 To address the improvement of gender statistics
programmes – two-tier approach
o More developed programmes
o Less developed programmes
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Main message
To International Organizations
Two approaches
 To address emerging issues
 To help countries to address “emerging”
issues
o VAW
o Time-use
o Informal employment
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics
o Gender attitudes
2004
Production of Sex disaggregated data
100%
95%
91%
89%
90%
77%
80%
72%
68%
70%
61%
60%
59%
59%
55%
50%
50%
50%
50%
44%
40%
33%
28%
30%
18%
20%
17%
10%
0%
INCOME
POVERTY
MIGRATION
AGRICULTURE
BUSINESS
SME
WEST
UNECE Statistical Division
TRANSPORT
INFORMAL
EMPLOYMENT
TIME USE
VIOLENCE
HUMAN
TRAFFICKING
EAST (available data only for 18 countries)
WS Gender Statistics 2004
in
co
m
UNECE Statistical Division
WEST
1
ig
ra
tio
n*
1
m
1
po
ve
r ty
3
al
se
ct
or
*
life
3
ily
e*
3
fa
m
cr
im
3
an
d
*
4
in
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nc
e
1
us
e
sh
ip
3
t im
e
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pr
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ak
in
g
1
he
al
th
number of countries
8
vio
e
ed
uc
at
io
n
an
d
de
cis
m
ar
ke
t
po
we
ra
nd
la
bo
r
Emerging issues
12
11
10
8
8
7
6
4
4
3
2
2
2
1
0
0
EAST
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Legal framework
12
10
10
9
number of countries
8
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
5
4
4
3
3
2
0
STATISTICS LAW
STATISTICS
REGULATION
STATISTICS NATIONAL
ACTION PLAN
WEST
UNECE Statistical Division
GENDER RELATED
LAW
GENDER RELATED
REGULATION
GENDER RELATED
NATIONAL ACTION
PLAN
EAST (data available only for 17 countries)
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Common issues in ECE
 Mainstreaming of gender into the production of
statistics
 Data gaps
 VAW
 Human trafficking
 Informal employment
 Legal framework
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004
Issues to address in ECE
Gender sensitization programmes in statistics
Legal framework: good practices?
Reorganization of gender statistics
programmes
Development of methodologies in emerging
areas
UNECE Statistical Division
WS Gender Statistics 2004

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