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dpctl
• dpctl: command-line utility that sends basic OpenFlow
messages, useful for viewing switch port and flow stats,
plus manually inserting flow entries.
• little tool for first steps and debugging
• talks directly to the switch (This does not need any
controller or respect any Flowvisor restrictions! )
• so no infrastructure needed
• part of the reference controller
• switch must support it, listening port either
configurable or 6633.
dpctl Example Usage
– Create a SSH window if you don't already have
one.
– Connect all team members via screen.
– Create wired connections from your host to your
VLAN.
– Run:
• $ dpctl show tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
– The 'show' command connects to the switch and
dumps out its port state and capabilities.
dpctl Example Usage
– dpctl show tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
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features_reply (xid=0x21355842): ver:0x1, dpid:a2c27d7772d80
n_tables:2, n_buffers:256
features: capabilities:0x87, actions:0x7ff
23(23): addr:2c:27:d7:77:2d:a9, config: 0, state:0
current: 1GB-FD AUTO_NEG
supported: 10MB-HD 10MB-FD 100MB-HD 100MB-FD 1GB-FD
AUTO_NEG
24(24): addr:2c:27:d7:77:2d:a8, config: 0, state:0
current: 1GB-FD AUTO_NEG
supported: 10MB-HD 10MB-FD 100MB-HD 100MB-FD 1GB-FD
AUTO_NEG
LOCAL(local): addr:2c:27:d7:77:2d:80, config: 0, state:0
get_config_reply (xid=0xec6a5f73): miss_send_len=0
dpctl Example Usage
• Dpctl status shows us information about the
switch
– Mostly controller related
– Whether on not connected
– Connected since
– Address of controller
– Messages sent and received
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl status tcp:127.0.0.1:6634 (not on HP)
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config.datapath-id=0000000000000001
switch.now=16068
switch.uptime=6825
switch.pid=6811
remote.name=tcp:127.0.0.1:6633
remote.state=BACKOFF
remote.backoff=8
remote.probe-interval=5
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl status tcp:127.0.0.1:6634
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remote.is-connected=false
remote.sent-msgs=0
remote.received-msgs=0
remote.attempted-connections=856
remote.successful-connections=0
remote.last-connection=6825
remote.last-received=6825
remote.time-connected=0
remote.state-elapsed=2
dpctl Example Usage
• Let us add some first flow entries so we can
ping from h1 to h2
– Test to ping Host 1 from Host 2 (should fail as we
do not have any flow entries yet)
– Add the flow entries (change port numbers):
• $ dpctl add-flow tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
in_port=1,actions=output:2
– $ dpctl add-flow tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
in_port=2,actions=output:1
• Ping should work now!
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl show-protostat tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
(not on HP)
– error_msg (xid=0xe02519b2): type1(OFPET_BAD_REQUEST)
code3(OFPBRC_BAD_VENDOR) payload:
– vendor (xid=0xe02519b2):
– dpctl: bad reply
Dpctl protostat example output
OpenFlow protocol version 0x97 statistical information
Protocol message:
Rcvd: 12642 total msgs, 0 unknown msgs
1 hello, 0 errors, 0 echo, 0 echo reply, 0 vendor
1 feats, 0 feats reply
0 get config, 0 get config reply, 1 set config
0 packet in, 0 flow expried, 0 port status
10799 packet out, 1829 flow mod, 0 port mod
11 stats, 0 stats reply
Sent: 13151 total msgs, 0 unknown msgs
1 hello, 3 errors, 0 echo, 0 echo reply, 0 vendor
0 feats, 1 feats reply
0 get config, 0 get config reply, 0 set config
11461 packet in, 1674 flow expried, 3 port status
0 packet out, 0 flow mod, 0 port mod
0 stats, 11 stats reply
Flow manipulation:
Rcvd: 1764 add, 0 modify, 0 modify strict
65 delete, 0 delete strict, 0 unknown ops
Sent: 0 add, 0 modify, 0 modify strict
0 delete, 0 delete strict, 0 unknown ops
Error notification:
Rcvd: 0 hello fail: 0 incompat
0 bad request: 0 version, 0 type, 0 stat
0 vendor
0 bad action: 0 type, 0 len, 0 vendor, 0 vendor
type
0 out port, 0 argument
0 flow mod fail: 0 all tables full
0 unknown type, 0 unknown code
Sent: 0 hello fail: 0 incompat
0 bad request: 0 version, 0 type, 0 stat
0 vendor
3 bad action: 0 type, 0 len, 0 vendor, 0 vendor
type
3 out port, 0 argument
0 flow mod fail: 0 all tables full
0 unknown type, 0 unknown code
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl dump-ports tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
– Gives physical port information
– Rx, Tx counters
– Error counters
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl dump-ports tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
– stats_reply (xid=0xb2eeb981): flags=none type=4(port)
– 3 ports
– port 23: rx pkts=2756, bytes=527428, drop=0, errs=0,
frame=?, over=?, crc=?
–
tx pkts=2721, bytes=523911, drop=0, errs=0, coll=?
– port 24: rx pkts=2733, bytes=525187, drop=0, errs=0,
frame=?, over=?, crc=?
–
tx pkts=2727, bytes=525296, drop=0, errs=0, coll=?
– port 65534: rx pkts=?, bytes=?, drop=?, errs=?, frame=?,
over=?, crc=?
–
tx pkts=?, bytes=?, drop=?, errs=?, coll=?
dpctl Example Usage
• dpctl mod-ports tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
• Allows manipulation of the switch ports
– Possible commands are:
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Up
Down
Flood
Noflood
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl mod-ports tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633 2
down
– Ping should fail now
• $ dpctl mod-ports tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633 2 up
– Ping works again
• Possible commands are
up/down/flood/noflood
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl dump-flows tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
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Gives us information about the flows installed
Rule itself
Timeouts
Actions
Packets and bytes processed by flow
dpctl Example Usage
• $ dpctl dump-flows tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
• stats_reply (xid=0x63b24b68): flags=none type=1(flow)
• cookie=0, duration_sec=460s,
duration_nsec=129000000s, table_id=1,
priority=32768, n_packets=456, n_bytes=43680,
idle_timeout=60,hard_timeout=0,in_port=3,actions=ou
tput:2
• cookie=0, duration_sec=464s,
duration_nsec=401000000s, table_id=1,
priority=32768, n_packets=456, n_bytes=43680,
idle_timeout=60,hard_timeout=0,in_port=2,actions=ou
tput:3
dpctl Example Usage
• Lets change the flow to work on IP’s
• dpctl add-flow tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
ip,nw_dst=10.0.0.2,priority=33000,actions=ou
tput:2
• dpctl add-flow tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633
ip,nw_dst=10.0.0.3,priority=33000,actions=ou
tput:3
• Priority changed!
dpctl Example Usage
Flow fields and syntax:
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in_port=port_no
dl_vlan=vlan
dl_src=mac
dl_dst=mac
dl_type=ethertype
nw_src=ip[/netmask]
nw_dst=ip[/netmask]
nw_proto=proto
dpctl Example Usage
Flow fields and syntax:
nw_tos=tos/dscp
tp_dst=port
icmp_type=type
icmp_code=code
The following shorthand notations are also
available:
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ip
icmp
tcp
udp
arp
Same as dl_type=0x0800
Same as dl_type=0x0800,nw_proto=1
Same as dl_type=0x0800,nw_proto=6
Same as dl_type=0x0800,nw_proto=17
Same as dl_type=0x0806
dpctl Example Usage
– What could be done with static flow rules?
• Using nw_src – Load balancing flows from different
sources to webservers
• Using dl_src – sort wireless from wired clients by
looking for mac-address prefixes coming from wireless
vendors
• Using In_port + Out_port – create basic virtual circuits
between end points
dpctl Example Usage
• dpctl benchmark tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633 100 100
• Sending 100 packets * 108 bytes (with header) = 10800
bytes total
• Finished in 9.7 ms (10349 packets/s) (1117665 bytes/s)
• dpctl benchmark tcp:10.101.1.1?:6633 1000 1000
• Sending 1000 packets * 1008 bytes (with header) = 1008000
bytes total
• Finished in 94.4 ms (10594 packets/s) (10678984 bytes/s)
Dpctl command list
For local datapaths and remote switches:
•
show SWITCH
show basic information
•
status SWITCH [KEY]
report statistics (about KEY)
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show-protostat SWITCH
report protocol statistics
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dump-desc SWITCH
print switch description
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dump-tables SWITCH
print table stats
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mod-port SWITCH IFACE ACT
modify port behavior
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dump-ports SWITCH [PORT]
print port statistics
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desc SWITCH STRING
set switch description
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dump-flows SWITCH
print all flow entries
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dump-flows SWITCH FLOW
print matching FLOWs
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dump-aggregate SWITCH
print aggregate flow statistics
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dump-aggregate SWITCH FLOW
print aggregate stats for FLOWs
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add-flow SWITCH FLOW
add flow described by FLOW
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add-flows SWITCH FILE
add flows from FILE
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mod-flows SWITCH FLOW
modify actions of matching FLOWs
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del-flows SWITCH [FLOW]
delete matching FLOWs
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monitor SWITCH
print packets received from SWITCH
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execute SWITCH CMD [ARG...]
execute CMD with ARGS on SWITCH

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