Unit 8 Travel Text A In the jungle Text B Illinois journey Sharing the following quotations with students Travel can be one of the most rewarding forms of retrospection. ----Lawrence Durrell The use of traveling is to regulate imagination by reality,and instead of thinking how things may be, to see them as they are. ----Samuel johnson Test A In the jungle jungle In the jungle In the jungle In the jungle picture2 Pre-reading tasks Discussing the following questions 一What are some distinctive features of an out-of-the-way，inaccessible place such as a jungle, desert, or remote mountainous area？ 一Why would such a place appeal to many people today？ A brief introduction to Test A The author Annie Dillard tells of her visit to the Napo River in the heart of the Ecuadorian jungle,one of nature’s most unspoiled places. She describes the beauty of nature’s most unspoiled places.She describes the beauty of the forest and her admiration for the people who live there. The author Annie Dillard (1945-)is a renowned nature writer and Prize winner.This reading is from Teaching a Stone to Talk(1988). Cultural background The Napo River Ecuador The Amazon River Andes The Napo River Ecuador Introduction to Ecuador (1) Ecuador：republic in northwestern South America，bounded by Colombia on the north，by Peru on the east and south，and by the Pacific Ocean on the west．The country also includes the Galapagos islands（Colon Archipelago）in the Pacific，about 965 km（about 600 mi）west of the mainland． Ecuador straddles the equator （Ecuador is the Spanish word for“equator”） and has an area of 272,045 sq km（105,037 sq mi）． Quito is the country’s capital． Introduction to Ecuador (2) • • Ecuador has a diverse population composed of people of European，Native American，and African descent． The majority are mestizos， individuals of mixed European and Native American ancestry. Most of the Native Americans live in poverty in the highlands region， where a small elite of European descent controls most of the land and wealth． Ecuador was a Spanish colony until 1822 when independence forces won a decisive victory over Spain． Ecuador has had a democratically elected government since 1979，but historically the government has alternated between civilian rule and military dictatorship．Most political conflicts involved squabbles among groups within the upper classes who controlled the nation’s Wealth． Andes Introduction to Andes (1) Andes： the principal mountains of South America and one of the greatest mountain systems of the world．The Andes include some of the world’s highest peaks．more than 50 of them soar higher than 6,100 m（20， 000 ft ） above sea level ． Only the Himalayas of south central Asia are higher. The lofty plateaus and high mountain valleys of the Andes contain some of the highest permanent human settlements in the world． Introduction to Andes (2) The Andes are the longest system of high mountain ranges on earth．They extend for more than 8000 km （5000 mi） in a narrow belt along the western edge of the South American continent，from the coast of the Caribbean Sea in the north to the island of Tieffa del Fuego in the extreme south．Along almost its entire length，the Andes rise abruptly from the Pacific coast．The mountains reach into seven countries： Venezuela， Colombia，Ecuador，Peru，Bolivia， Chile and Argentina． Amazon river Amazon river Amazon river from the air Introduction to Amazon river (1) Amazon（river）： river in northern South America， largely in Brazil， ranked as the largest in the world in terms of watershed area， number of tributaries， and volume of water discharge Measuring 6，400 km（4，000 mi） from source to mouth， lt is second in length only to the Nile among the rivers of the world With its hundreds of tributaries， the Amazon drains a territory of more than 6 million sq km（2．3 mullion sq mi）， roughly half of which is in Brazil； the rest is in Peru， Ecuador, Bolivia， and Venezuela． Introduction to Amazon river (2) It is estimated that the Amazon discharges between 34 million and 121 million liters （ 9 million and32 mullion gallons） of water per second and deposits a daily average of 3 million tons of sediment near its mouth．The annual outflow from the river accounts for one-fifths of all the fresh water that drains into the oceans of the world．The outpouring of water and sediment is so vast that the salt content and color of the Atlantic Ocean are altered for a distance of about 320 km（about 200 mi）from the mouth of the river. While-reading tasks Understanding text structure:it can be divided into three parts Part 1(Par.1-5) Part 2(Par. 6-8) Part 3(Par. 9-18) Teacher explain the language points (see language study) Text structure analysis Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas Part 1 Par. 1-5 Description of the Napo River and surrounding jungle scenery at night, together with the author’s reflections on it. Part 2 Par. 6-8 Recalling what happened to her at their arrival at the village and what others felt about the Napo River and the people there. Part 3 Par. 9-18 Detailed description of journeying in the jungle and her feelings about it. Language study (1) 1.in the heart of： in the center of 1． Examples： 1) The metropolitan museum is located in the heart of the city． 2) Apartments in the heart of the city are too expensive to purchase． 2． hush： be or become silent Examples: 1) Hush， you’11 wake up the baby！ 2) Having cried for half an hour, the little boy hushed． Language study(2) 3．illumine：shine light on Examples： 1) 2) The sky was illumined by flashes from the volcano. My balloon was illumined by the sun that was just rising． 4．now．．．now．．．：at one time．．． at another time．．． Examples： 1) The junior officer who came into the room looked nervous； his eyes swiveled quickly, now this way now that， as if he were scanning the room for danger． Language study(3) 5. in（all/complete）silence：with（complete） absence of sound or noise Examples： 1) The kids were listening to the music in the classroom， in complete silence． 2)The soldiers stood in the glaring sun as the minutes ticked away， in all silence． note： Students should be advised that “in all silence” is rather literary and can sound odd in normal contexts． Simply“in silence”or“in complete silence”is safer for them to use． Language study(4) 6．tangle：catch in or as in a net，trap；mix together or intertwine in a confused mass Examples： 1) The bushes were tangled with vines. 2) I have the soft of hair that tangles easily． 7．trail：extend over a surface Examples： 1) Roses trailing over the walls made her garden so beautiful． 2) The strawberry is a trailing plant belonging to the rose family． Language study(5) 8．loop：form or bend into a loop Examples： 1) The man looped the rope over the wooden pole. 2) She looped the scarf round her neck and went out into the cold night air． 9．mute：reduce or stop the sound of Examples: 1) At the sight of their teacher walking into the classroom， they muted their voices. 2) The strings are muted throughout the closing bars of the symphony. Language study(6) 10． dissolve： fade away， disappear Examples： 1) The panda ate the bamboo rapidly and then dissolved into me shadows． 2) The characteristics of gases vary widely．Some gases are transparent，some dissolve in water，and some have a strong smell． 11．loose：untie，release Examples： 1) The hunter loosed the arrow without warning. 2) It’s not a healthy habit to loose your belt when you full. Language study(7) 12．slump：sit or fall down heavily Examples： 1) Kennedy had been hit and slumped to the floor of the automobile． 2) He slumped into a chair ， completely exhausted． 13. be dying to do sth/for sth：desire（to do） sth． ; eagerly Examples： 1) She was dying to tell them the good news that she had won first prize in me speech contest. Language study(8) 14． get one’s hands on： catch hold of, find or get（sth.）; same as lay one’s hands on Examples： 1) I wish I could get my hands on a copy of Hurry Potter． 2) I need to get my hands on a good computer. 3) The book’s here somewhere， but I don’t seem to be able to get my hands on it just now． 15．take apart：separate into its different parts Examples： 1) When I was young， my parents never blamed me for taking my toys apart． ．Language study(9) 16. spectacular：extraordinary；very attractive or impressive Examples: 1) The British museum, one of the most spectacular museums in the world, is renowned for its extensive and diverse collections. 2) The Sun’s movement can produce spectacular sunrises and sunsets under the right atmospheric conditions. 17. fringe：the outer edge or limit of sth． Examples： 1) Near the outer fringes of the solar system lies dark blue Neptune, a gas giant that probably has no true surface. Language study(10) 18．hollow：a space sunk into something Examples： 1) The explorer fell into a muddy hollow while walking in the forest． 2) water gathers in a hollow and forms a pond． 19. in detail: with specifics Examples： 1) The Police asked the victim of the robbery to describe what happened to him in detail． 2) To maintain their place in the media world, newspapers try hard to cover news events in greater detail than television and radio do． Language study(11) 20.opaque： not clear enough to allow light through Examples： 1) Usually transparent，glass can nonetheless also be opaque． 21. smear： make（sth.）dirty；spread（a thick liquid ，etc.）over a surface（used in the patterns: smear on ／over sth.／sb．;smear sth.／sb．with sth．) Examples： 1) Don’t smear the glasses；I’ve just polished them. 2) The boy’s face was smeared with mud． Language study(12) 22．flock：a group of certain animals Examples： 1) Large flocks of geese Pass this way in autumn ， searching for a resting Place. 2) The police are warning moonsets that a flock of sheep has／have escaped onto the road in flocks： in groups Examples： Many small birds feed in flocks． 23．dart：move suddenly and rapidly Examples： 1) The lizard darted out its tongue at a fly. Pictures for a short break Language study(13) 24. repute： believe， consider（If you say that something is reputed to be true， you mean that people say it is true， but you don’t know if it is definitely true； often used in passive；a formal word．） Examples： She is widely reputed to be over twenty years younger than her husband． 25. strip：a long narrow region of land or body of water；a long narrow piece Examples： About 30 million People live along the Californian coastal strip Language study(14) 26. paddle： move（a canoe） through the water using a paddle Examples： 1) Canoes can be Paddled by one or more Persons. 2) One of the things you will be taught at the training school is how to paddle a Canoe. 27. out of sight： no longer in view Examples： 1) When out of slight of land， ancient seafarers used to derive clues about their location by observing the position of the Sun． Language study(15) 28. striped：marked with or having stripes Examples： 1) She looked slim in her green and white shirt. 2) The room was decorated with striped wallpaper． 29. clatter： vi．move quickly and noisily；make continuous loud noises by hitting hard objects against each other Examples: 1) she dropped the bucket and it went clattering down the stairs. Language study(16) 30. fuss： bustle about； give too much attention to small and unimportant matters（often followed by about／over） around／ Examples： 1) As soon as they saw the manager the waiters began fussing around the tables． 2) My wife was fussing over the food we were going to take ． 31.slap：shoot，throw with force； hit with something flat Examples： 1) Catherine responded to the man’s attempt by slapping him. Language study(17) 32．out of range：too for away to be reached， seen or heard Examples： 1) We thought that we were out of range of their rifles until the bullets started kicking up the dust in front of us． 2) It was said the flying object was well out of range of their rockets． 33．thrash： move wildly or violently （followed by about／around） Examples： 1) The swimmers were thrashing about in the water． Language study(18) 34. heap：an untidy pile of something； plenty of， a lot of（usu． in plural） Examples： 1) He left this books in a heap on the floor． 2) There is heaps of time before take the examination. 35. glide:move quickly and silently with ease ； fly through the air without power Examples： 1) At the sight of me she glided across the dance floor to greet me． 2) The waiters glided between tightly packed tables bearing trays of pasta. Language study(19) 36. swarm： move in a crowd Examples： 1) A dark cloud of bees came swarming out of the hive. 2) Panic-stricken ， people swarmed to the shops ， buying up everything in sight. 37. hop：（or a person）jump on one foot； （of a bird or other animals）Jump with two or all feet at once） Examples： 1) He hopped down the steps like an athlete． Post-reading tasks Text Analysis The text is beautifully written．That’s why we arrange a post-reading activity simply for students to share favorite sentences with each other. It may be true that the functional use of English will dominate in their life，but it pays to expose them to the aesthetic side of English． There is an abundance of sensory impressions in the essay． Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks Group Discussion: Tell about your impressions of a science area you have visited. Essay Writing: How to write reservations? Homework(1)Translation exercise: Translating the following passage into English ,using the words and phrases given below: loop ; fuss ; hush ; flock; be dying for ; now…now… ; glide ; in all silence; spectacular; out of range 昨天，我和我的同学大卫一起游览了朱家角，那是一个 四周环水的著名城镇。当我们到达时，大卫激动地向他看到 的第一座桥飞奔过去，然后便在那里高声唱了起来。突然他 的嗓音静了下来，原来他发现自己惊动了离我们不远的一群 鸭子。当时大卫太想乘船了，于是我们决定坐船游览。大卫 跟河里的所有的动物时而高声、时而低语说着话而且不停地 瞎忙乎，而我则默默地看着船儿在水面上轻轻地滑过。虽然 我们没有见到任何壮观的景物，我们享受了在这个远离大城 市喧嚣的镇里度过的每一分钟。 Key to the above translation Yesterday, my classmate David and I visited zhujiajiao, a well-known town looped all around by streams. When we arrived at the town, David was so excited that he darted towards the first bridge he saw and began singing loudly there. Suddenly his voice hushed when he found that he had startled a flock of ducks not too far from us. Now as David was dying for a boat ride, we decided to tour the town by boat. Now loud, now soft, David talked to all the creatures in the stream and was fussing about everything while I looked at the boats gliding over the water in all silence. Though we did not see anything spectacular, we enjoyed every minute in the town that lies out of the range of the heavy traffic and noise of the large city. Homework(2) Test B for home reading: presentation for next week ---Describe the author’s impressions of the cornfield of Illinois. Suppose you are thinking of taking a trip to a holiday resort and you would like to reserve a room in a hotel.Write to a resort hotel requesting that a room be reserved.