Essential Biodiversity Variables for Global Earth Observation

Report
Essential Biodiversity Variables
for Global Earth Observation
Henrique M. Pereira
Centre for Environmental Biology
Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
1st plenary of IPBES, Bonn,
21-25 Jan 2013
The complexity of
biodiversity change
Monitoring initiatives rarely
cover all major dimensions
of biodiversity change
2
Pereira, H.M. et al (2012) Annual Review of the
Environment and Resources.
Spatial gaps
Living Planet Index Populations
3
Pereira, H.M. et al (2012) Annual Review of the
Environment and Resources.
Spatial gaps (2)
Vertebrate species richness
4
Pereira, H.M. et al (2012) Annual Review of the
Environment and Resources.
Taxonomic gaps
Estimated species richness
5
Species assessed in the Red List
Pereira, H.M. et al (2012) Annual Review of the
Environment and Resources.
The state of
national biodiversity monitoring
6
Bubb, P., et al. (2011) National Indicators, Monitoring and
Reporting for the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. UNEPWCMC, Cambridge.
The need for Essential Biodiversity
Variables
• What are the most important variables to monitor to
understand global biodiversity change?
– Biodiversity observation systems would be structured around
these variables: protocols, sampling schemes, etc.
– Biodiversity information systems would also be structured
around these variables
• Users of the EBV’s:
– Scientists will use the data for the study of global biodiversity
change
– Conservation professionals would assess effectiveness of
management strategies
– NGO’s would develop communication tools (e.g. indicators)
– Policy-makers would be able to assess both national targets
and global targets
The questions EBVs must help
answer
The questions EBVs must help
answer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
How is biodiversity change?
Why is biodiversity changing?
What are the consequences for human well-being?
Are responses being taken effective?
What is the future risk of harmful biodiversity change?
Essential biodiversity variables
• Characteristics of EBV’s
– Ability to detect change (temporal sensitivity)
– Scalability
– Feasibility
– Relevance
– Biological
– Emphasis on State
• Cover the different dimensions of
biodiversity
10
Essential Biodiversity Variables
Pereira, H.M. et al (2013) Science
EBV Classes
Pereira, H.M. et al (2013) Science
EBVs and Ecosystem Services
EBV category
EBV useful to measuring ecosystem services
Beneficial genes
Species populations
Functional groups
Ecosystem extent
Ecosystem function
(breed diversity, crop diversity)
Beneficial species trends
(hardwood spp, medicinal spp,
fish stocks, endangered spp)
Beneficial functional traits
(raptors biocontrol, pollinators)
Beneficial ecosystem extent
(Forests, estuary nurseries,
wetlands, mangroves, coral reefs)
Beneficial functions
(photosynthesis, respiration,
carbon sequestration, erosion control)
Other inputs / variables
Genetic composition
ES
Provisioning
Regulating
Supporting
Cultural
Developing the EBV’s
• An on-going process
– First steps at GEO BON adequacy report (2011)
– Frascatti workshop dedicated to identifying EBV’s
with 35 experts (2012)
– Paper with the EBV concept in Science (2013)
– Report
• An open process
– Feedback is welcome and will be requested over
the next few months, from scientists and other
users
14
http://www.earthobservations.org/geobon_ebv.shtml

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