It`s Been 5 ½ Years Since the 2007 Head Start Reauthorization…

Report
It’s Been 5 ½ Years Since the
2007 Head Start Reauthorization….
Khari M. Garvin, M.Ed. Director
NC Head Start Collaboration Office
Office of Early Learning / DPI
[email protected]
Head Start Act 2007
• Children experiencing homelessness are
Categorically Eligible for enrollment*
• Head Start programs must use the McKinneyVento definition of homelessness
– Families lacking a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime
residence
• Children experiencing homelessness must be
identified and prioritized for enrollment
2
The state of things….
Children Experiencing Homelessness Served by
Head Start and Early Head Start
National Data
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
18,164 /
28,306 /
34,129 /
38,958 /
40,855 /
1.05M
1.11M
1.141M
1.146M
1.12M
(1.7%)
(2.5%)
(2.9%)
(3.3%)
(3.6%)
Source: Head Start National PIR Data
3
The state of things….
(cont’d)
Compared to “over-income” children
National Data
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
18,164
vs
28,306
vs
34,129
vs
38,958
vs
40,855
vs
52,734
50,291
53,825
54,480
55,462
Source: Head Start National PIR Data
4
The state of things….
(cont’d)
Compared to children with special needs
National Data
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
18,164
28,306
34,129
38,958
40,855
52,734
50,291
53,825
54,480
55,462
69,264
70,045
72,716
59,275 65,164
Source: Head Start National PIR Data
5
The Landscape….
• Approx. 42% of children experiencing
homelessness are under age 6
Source: National Center on Family Homelessness (2010)
– Approx. 52% of children living in shelters are under age 6
Source: Homeless Children and Youth (Child Trends Data Bank, 2013)
• Other data show significant increases in the
identification of homeless children & youth in
public schools (esp. in the last 3-4 years)
Source: A Critical Moment: Child and Youth Homelessness in Our
Nation's Schools (NAEHCY, 2010)
Where do homeless families live?
Source: 2011-2012 SY, U.S. Department of Education
Doubled-Up
75%
Shelters
15%
Hotels / Motels
6%
Unsheltered
4%
Identifying
MUST
use non-traditional sources for recruitment
–
–
–
–
Shelters
Faith community
M-V Liaisons
Motels
MUST
utilize enhanced Community Assessments
MUST
amend your screening protocol (i.e. types of
questions asked of prospective enrollees)
SHOULD
pay attention to children & families already
enrolled
SAMPLE Enrollment
Application Questions
1. Check the following living situations that apply:
__ Living in own home, rented home, or apartment
__ Living with friends or relatives temporarily
__ Living in a shelter
__ Living in a hotel or motel
__ Living in other circumstances (explain)
2. Have you moved in the last 12 months? If so,
how many times? What were the circumstances?
Prioritizing
• Selection Criteria
COMPUTERIZED & MANUAL SELECTION CRITERIA RATINGS
Children are selected for Center-Based enrollment, in Head Start and Early Head Start,
whose family income meets the current Head Start Family Income Guidelines or whose
family is categorically eligible and have the greatest number of points in the following
categories (select only one item from each category):
Age
4 year old next school year 25
3 year old next school year 15
Income/ Categorically Eligible
Homeless
50
Foster Care
40
Public Assistance 40
Below Income Guidelines 40
Working low income (Up to 130%) 05
Over Income
00
Disability
Disability diagnosed, multiple
Disability diagnosed, single
Disability suspected
No Disability
25
20
05
00
Parental Status
Single Parent
25
Other Family Type or Relative(s) 15
Two Parent
05
Other
Transition from the EHS Program 25
Referral from Protect Service/Emrg. Asst. 15
Prioritizing
•
•
•
•
Selection Criteria
Reserving slots*
Enrolling immediately (even w/o req’d paperwork)*
Strategically placing and/or delivering services in
ways that favor the population
– Partnering w/ shelters for classroom space (but not for self-contained
classrooms)
– Home-based services to address doubled-up
– Mobile classrooms
• Work to change State policies re: “homelessness”
(e.g. Childcare Subsidy laws and policies)
Program Impacts
•
•
•
•
•
Attendance / Enrollment
Family Partnerships & Goals
MH Supports
Transportation
Enhanced communication /monitoringtracking system in place with families
Resources
Office of Head Start
http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov
National Center for Homeless Education
http://www.serve.org/nche
U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
http://www.hud.gov
U.S. Dept. of Education
http://www.ed.gov
Horizons for Homeless Children
http://www.horizonsforhomelesschildren.org
The National Center on Family Homelessness
http://www.familyhomelessness.org
16
Questions?

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