Module 8: Skills of Leadership

Report
Module 8: Skills of Leadership
A course run for Scout
Leaders in North Yorkshire
June, 2007
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Introduction: aim of the course
To cover the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to become a more effective leader
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Introduction: objectives
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Describe and discuss a systematic approach to planning
Apply systematic planning to any future activity
Analyse the functions of leadership in terms of:
- the task to be done and actions to assist it
- actions to assist group cohesion
- actions to meet individual needs
Recognise leadership roles being exercised in the group and how the
leadership function may be shared and passed between the members
of the group
Identify a range of leadership styles and situations
Identify one’s own preferred style of operation
Identify how leadership skills of adults and young people may be
developed
Summary of pre-course tasks
4
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Prepare a short talk/presentation telling the group about an
activity/event/meeting that you organised, focusing on the
planning aspect, and the success or otherwise, of the event
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Be prepared to share your ideas on leadership with the group.
What sort of leader do you think you are? Do you think you are an
effective leader? What type of leadership do you prefer in others
when you are not the leader in a given situation?
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Bring to the course ONE good idea for developing leadership
skills, either in adults or in the young people in your Scout
section
Planning and Leadership
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Why should we plan?
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Complete the definition:
“Planning is a way of…………….”
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Is there ever a case for not planning
something for which we are responsible as
leader?
Planning and Leadership - DOOR
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Decide
Organise
Operate
Review
Planning and Leadership - DOOR
Decide
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What is needed
What you want to achieve
When it is required
Planning and Leadership - DOOR
Organise
“ARTS”
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Activity
Resources
Timescale
Skills
Planning and Leadership - DOOR
Operate
Do it!!
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Planning and Leadership - DOOR
Review
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Did you reach your goal?
How well did it go?
What could you learn for the future?
What is the next DOOR?
Planning and Leadership
Task (1)
Presentations by members of the group
(pre-course preparation: task 1)
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Planning and Leadership
Task (2)
You have 15 minutes in which to plan a Scout section
summer troop night activity on the local canal: open
canoeing (14 Scouts, 6 canoes, 3 qualified leaders).
Complete the D, O, and R elements of DOOR
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Planning and Leadership: the “actioncentred leadership” model
The Task
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What is it?
How is it to be achieved?
Is there an “objective”?
How detailed does the planning need to be?
Is there provision for monitoring/modifying the plan?
Does a review take place?
Planning and Leadership: the “actioncentred leadership” model
The Group
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“Ownership” of the activity
Group participation in planning
Shared direction
Team work – all involved/motivated?
Co-ordination
Encouragement
Planning and Leadership: the “actioncentred leadership” model
The Individual
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Awareness of role and responsibility
Understanding of nature of task/activity
Feeling of being “supported”
Special needs accommodated
Possibility of progress/development
Planning and Leadership: the “actioncentred leadership” model
Task (3)
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As a group, reflect on the canoeing activity
planning exercise you have just completed in
terms of the above model
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Did you take account of task, group, and
individual?
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Can you identify any “shortcomings”?
Planning and Leadership: possible
leadership styles
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Telling (directive) - based on instruction/supervision
Selling (persuading) – as above, but with explanation of
reasons, welcoming suggestions + support
Sharing (consultation) – suggestion-based; some
experimentation welcomed
Delegation – responsibility for decisions passed to others
while leader continues to “monitor" (and could intervene)
Try to relate the above choice of “style” to the ability of
the group and its degree of motivation
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Leadership Styles
Task (4)
(group discussion)
Be prepared to share your ideas on leadership
with the group. What sort of leader do you think
you are? Do you feel you are an effective leader?
What type of leadership do you prefer in others
when you are not the leader in a given situation?
In what areas, if any, do you think you might
need to develop as a leader?
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Leadership Skills
Task (5)
Course members are invited to share with the
group good ideas for developing leadership skills,
either in adults or in the young people in their
Scout sections
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Leadership Skills
Task (6)
In a leadership training exercise, it is imagined that a member of a
walking group falls and is seriously injured. There is a
need to apply an arm sling, support a broken leg, monitor
consciousness, and get help.
Use the 4 “styles of leadership” to demonstrate how
this might work out in practice. This requires 4 members of our
group here on the course to “lead” either by giving precise
directions; or using persuasive methods; or applying
consultation techniques; or by using a high degree of delegation.
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Reviewer briefing
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Did the group achieve the task?
Did the leader watch the group, evaluate and take
appropriate action?
Was leadership shared with the group?
Were any resources fully used?
Was the group co-ordinated to ensure successful working
together?
Was there good communication?
Were individuals helped and supported?
What leadership style was used, and how effective was it?

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