Paper Recycling System in Malaysia

Report
Report of Malaysia
Paper Industry
By The Malaysian Pulp and Paper
Manufacturer Association
(MPPMA)
Year 2012
Malaysia Participants
1. Mr Tan Chaik Phoay – Muda Paper Mills, Tasek
2. Mr Wong Peng Khoon – Muda Paper Mills, Kajang
3. Ms Lee Hooi Fung – Nibong Tebal Paper Mill
4. Mr Mohamad Razi Bin Idris – Pascorp Paper
Industries
5. Mr Chua Keat Lee – Malaysian Newsprint Industries
Malaysia Facts
•
Consists of : West & East Malaysia with 13 states and 3 federal territory
•
Area : 329,847 Square Kilometer
•
Length : West Malaysia 748 km (465 mi) SSE-NNW & 322 km (200 mi) ENE-WSW
: East Malaysia ( Sabah )12 km (256 mi) E-W & 328 km (204 mi) N – S
: East Malaysia ( Sarawak ) 679 km (422 mi) NNE-SSW & 254 km (158 mi) ESE-WNW
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Population ( 2012 ) : 29.2 Mil
•
Ethnic Groups : Malay , Chinese, Indian, Others
•
Capital City : Kuala Lumpur
•
GDP 2012: USD 472.9 bil; USD 16,186 per capita
•
Language: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English (widely used in business), Mandarin, Tamil and Iban
•
Local currency: Ringgit (MYR)
Source :- Encyclopedia of Nation
Malaysia Major Trade Partner’s
*
Source :- Malaysia Statistic Dept
Malaysia Major Export Country 2011
*
*
Malaysia-Japan export trade value is at 79.87 billion for year 2011
Source :- Malaysia Statistic Dept
Malaysia Major Import Country 2011
*
Malaysia-Japan import trade value is at 65.46 billion for year 2011
Source :- Malaysia Statistic Dept
Malaysia Major Export Country 2012
*
*
Malaysia-Japan export trade value is at 63.59 billion for year 2012 up to Sept
Source :- Malaysia Statistic Dept
Malaysia Major Import Country 2012
*
Malaysia-Japan export trade value is at 48.46 billion for year 2012 up to Sept
Source :- Malaysia Statistic Dept
Malaysia Paper Manufacturing Industry
Comprises 3 sub-sectors :
- Paper Manufacturing
- Paper Products
- Printing and Publishing
Paper Mills In Malaysia
Major producers in Malaysia
Initial Start up
capacity
(‘000 Mt)
Capacity
Today
(‘000 Mt)
Growth
Multiple
(‘x)
Growth
rate
MUDA (1964)
3
480
160.0
15,900%
NTPM (1979)
2
105
52.5
5,150%
Pascorp (1992)
55
240
4.4
336%
GSPP (1992)
150
285
1.9
90%
MNI (1999)
250
280
1.2
12%
SFI
150
165
1.1
10%
Total
610
1,555
2.6
155%
Paper capacity in Malaysia
Major capacity increased in
Containerboard paper
(+300,000 tons)
Source :- MPPMA
Paper – Supply & Demand
(‘Mil Tons)
Source :- MPPMA
Economic sectors supported by Paper Mills
Paper Mills
Intermediate Users
Industries / Consumers
Containerboard
Packaging / Box Plants
Packaging / boxes for Electrical &
Electronic sectors (E&E), Solar Panels,
Food & Beverages (F&B), Fast Moving
Consumer Goods (FMCG), Textiles,
Rubber gloves, Furniture, Pharmaceutical
goods etc
Newsprints
Publisher, Printers
Consumers, education
Tissue or hygiene
paper
Packers
Hotels, Restaurant, Hospitals, End
consumers
Printing & Writing
Printers, Publishers
Education, Office use
Wastepaper – Domestic Supply & Demand
(‘000 Tons)
Source :- MPPMA
Wastepaper Consumption By Types
(‘000 Tons)
Source :- MPPMA
Challenges faced by the industry
 Shortage of domestic
wastepaper supply continues
due to new capacities
 Quality of waste paper is getting
deteriorated – High moisture and
high out-throw
High imports of wastepaper
(‘000 Tons)
30%
imports
20%
imports
14%
imports
Source :- MPPMA
Paper Recycling
System Malaysia
By The Malaysian Pulp and Paper
Manufacturer Association
(MPPMA)
Year 2012
Paper Recycling System in Malaysia
Major Recovered Paper Sources
Household /
Residential
Newspaper
Publishers
Town
Councils
School’s
Network
Charity’s
Association
Industrial
Factories
Commercial
Centres
4 Major Recovered Paper Classification
ONP
OLD NEWSPAPER
Included Leftovers from
publishers,
OMG
B&W
OCC
OLD MAGAZINES
OFFICE A4 PAPER
OLD CORRUGATED
Weekly / monthly leftovers
from publishers, books,
Waste paper from printers,
office shredded paper,
Cardboard boxes, trimmings
waste from electrics appliances,
packaging manufacturers,
textiles, fruits…etc
Paper Recycling System in Malaysia
Current Distribution of Recovered Paper
Major Recovered Paper Sources
Household / Residential
School’s Network
Charities Association
Industrial Factories
Commercial Centres
¥11-12
Paper Mills
Town Councils
¥7-8
Main Collectors / Packers / Wholesaler
( Most of them have their own baling machine)
¥4-5
Small Collectors / Packers
(No Baling Machine)
(Most of them own/rent 3MT Lorries)
Newspaper Publishers
Incentive / Rebate Support
Collection Activities to
Confidential Documents
* Price can be varies due to move of International Price
School / Charities
Paper Recycling System in Malaysia
Higher Collection / Recovery of Recovered Paper By States
High Volume of Collection / Recovery
Paper Recycling System in Malaysia
Small Collectors / Packers (No Baling Machine)
What We Learn From This Training
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
JPA & JRPA have a very active roles in promoting the recycling system in Japan
Active association memberships as advisor roles in promoting recycling program in
each of the designated areas.
A strong / active action / Implementation Group such as Paper Recycling Promotion
Center by JRPA
Noted that Japan have a very details classification of recycle waste for the residential,
business and industrial communities / channel (Implemented since 1974)
Effective Recycling Message to the Public / Residences with A Good Government
Support & Local Municipals
Japan Local municipals providing the facilities to the communities to ensure the
success of the recycling system.
Good & Pro-active cooperation between paper mills and recycling industries in
sharing information and relationship business trust.
A very matured legal system of Paper Recycling system established since 1974 or
during the Pre-Edo
We need an on-going process to promote recycling program in all levels
Paper mills in Japan have created a very strong quality control of waste at
wholesalers level and then to the collectors (reduce the incoming check of waste at
paper mill)
What can we work/promote from now?
1. Exploring more public awareness of recycling of waste in all channels which can
provide immediate impact towards the recovery of waste collection and quality
incoming of the waste ( Example : schools, industrials, commercial, and residence
areas)
2. Recently, some of the waste paper have been exported out from Malaysia which was
reported by local customs. This definitely are some of the potential issue facing
which reduce the rate of local collection recovery rate. (Working with local customs
authorities to reduce the exporting of waste due to local shortage)
3. Paper mills in Malaysia, receiving most of the left-over / poor quality of in-coming
waste from the wholesaler ( mainly OCC segment). We need get more guidelines or
process details to overcome the in-coming from the wholesalers.
4. Malaysia’s waste paper specification need to be revise to Japan classification which
can have a significant improvement on the quality of the waste papers collected. (Preprint brochures, leaflets, sharing information to household, PTA…etc)
5. Looking at under-recovered areas / states in Malaysia which having a significant
growth due to the developments by the state government ( East Malaysia : Sabah &
Sarawak)
Possible cooperation/support from Japan?
1. To share more new ideas or technical knowledge in improving manufacturing yield
within 2-3 years from now ( All paper production makers ). Targeting to reach 90 to
94% yield.
2. Malaysia at this moment still imports a significant volume of waste paper from
Europe, USA and Australia. Therefore, with the excess of waste papers currently
available which we hope Japan can provide some incentives to support us while we
are still developing the strategy to recover more waste from the local market.
3. Japan have a well establishment of paper recycling system since 1974 till today
which we hope we can be get more details pertaining the set-up which we can use to
be implement / as a guidelines within the associations , members, communities and
with our government bodies.
4. Existing methodology or quality checks implemented in Japan which can be use to
assist to reduce our moisture issues and prohibited materials from the wholesalers.
5. Setting up WTE (Waste To Energy) plant for all paper mills by providing special grant
to set-up the facilities
6. Possible to assist us or to provide a TIMELINE details how to set up A very establish
paper recycling system ( Example : What we must do 1st before we move to 2nd Step)
Thank You
Year 2012

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