Amakhosi`s perspective on making RLED work

Report
REGIONAL AND LOCAL
ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT
2013
AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING
RLED WORK
12 NOVEMBER 2013
Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize
DETAILS
KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE
OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO
COMMITTEE
Tel: (033) 897-5644
Acting Secretary: Mrs. Khanya Ngwenya
[email protected]
INTRODUCTION
• KZN Provincial Growth & Development Strategy:
“KZN is one of the most rural provinces in SA”
• 10.4 million people in KZN
• 54% of population in rural areas
• Argument that figure higher than that
• Diet system collapsed, leading to high mortality
rates
• PGDS: “Adult life expectancy in the Province has
dropped from 53 years in 1996, to 51.6% in 2000,
to 43 in 2009” ***
WHAT IS A DICTATOR?
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•
•
•
•
•
•
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Are amaKhosi dictators?
Authoritarian, not elected, cruel
Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Sadam Hussein, Hosni Mubarak
Deng Xiaoping: Communist Party head (1978-92) – led
China to market economy and higher standard of living
Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore) vs Ben Ali (Tunisia)
Late King Hussein (Jordan) and Park Chung Hee (S. Korea)
Augusto Pinochet (Chile) vs Boris Yeltsin (Russia)
Diving world between black and white term between
dictators and democrats misses complexity of the
geopolitics on the ground
ORGANOGRAM
KZN PHTL
LOCAL
HOUSE 1
TCs
LOCAL
HOUSE 2
TCs
LOCAL
HOUSE 3
TCs
RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT
• What do we mean?
• The colonialism question: are we still victims of
colonialism?
• Under colonialism rural backwards and somewhat
barbaric; urban progressive
• Eurocentric ideology and definition: stigma created
• Sir Arthur Lewis (1954): definition of modernisation:
traditional was lazy and underdeveloped, modern was
progressive
• Result: majority of African countries underdeveloped
RETHINKING RURAL
DEVELOPMENT/cont.…
• W.W. Rostow: “traditional” does not grow;
paradox: most Black people live there
• Agricultural production very crucial but
conceptually rural development is not
agriculture!
• Exercise caution in bringing development: too
much money does not solve problem
CHALLENGES
• Tense relations between amaKhosi/TC and councillors
• IDPs done by Municipality only; LHs should coordinate
IDPs of Traditional Authorities in Districts
• Substandard services in rural areas: electricity, water,
sanitation, roads (Saemaul Movement; South Korea)
• “Exploitative” development in rural areas: servitude
not paid; quarry/sand not paid for: create policy
• Rural finance/investment not existent: DFIs not coming
to table; rethink model of financing rural areas; STOP
BEHAVING LIKE COMMERCIAL BANKS!
CHALLENGES/cont…
• Planning to be done concurrently with Traditional
structures
• Democratisation, modernisation and transformation of
ubuKhosi
• Mentality of rural people and amaKhosi needs to
change: development not only about halls and
agriculture
• Mentality of government officials must be more
developmental rather than restrictive
• Lack of education and knowledge
• Engagements between ubuKhosi and government not
structured
DEVELOPMENT PLANNING
• Heart of rural development
• Planning must be result of consensus or
democratic process
• KZN Planning and Development Act, 2008
• Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act,
2013
• Municipal Structures Act, 1998
• Communicating with amaKhosi and TC: we are
planners in our own right
MAKING RLED WORK
• Planning concurrently as opposed to “consultation”
• “FUBU” projects financed
• Coalface of poverty: assist us in dealing with “bread
and butter” issues
• Encourage and finance education; no sustainable
development without education – emphasis on
boarding schools
• Teaching dangerously – shift paradigms of people (Dr.
Hugh High, Thinking About Business)
• Institutions can work directly with ubuKhosi
SUCCESS STORIES
• High performing rural schools: Inkamana High School
(Vryheid), St. Augustine’s High School (Nquthu), Buhlebethu
High School (Shinga TC, Mzumbe), Limehill High School
(Indaka), Michaelhouse School (Umgeni),
• AmaKhosi Rural and Local Economic Development
Programme
• Educational proposal with Eskom
• FDI from Israel for tomato tunnel project (Maphumulo TC,
eMdumezulu)
• Tertiary education funding (Tembe TC)
• Clinic (Xolo TC)
• Building of Administration blocks and participation of
Adopt-A-School Foundation (Mzimela TC)
CONCLUSION
• By 2050 estimated that global population
would have doubled; agricultural production
needs to be commercialised
• THE KZN PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL
LEADERS IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS AND IN
IMPROVING THE LIVES OF OUR PEOPLE.
THANK YOU
KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE
OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO
COMMITTEE
Tel: (033) 897-5644
Acting Secretary: Mrs. Khanya Ngwenya
[email protected]

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