Shurley Grammar Unit 4

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Shurley Grammar
Unit 4
Lesson 100
Predicate Noun Jingle
1. A predicate noun is a noun or pronoun.
2. A predicate noun means the same thing as
the subject word.
3. A predicate noun is located after a linking
verb.
4. To find the predicate noun as WHAT or WHO
after the verb.
Lesson 100
Earlier you learned that nouns can have
different jobs or functions in a sentence. You
have studied four of these jobs already:
1. A noun can be a subject.
2. A noun can be an object of a preposition.
3. A noun can be an indirect object.
4. A noun can be a direct object.
Lesson 100
• Name the 4 jobs of nouns we have learned so
far.
• subject noun (SN), object of the preposition
(OP), indirect object (IO), direct object (DO)
Lesson 100
• Pattern 4 has only two nouns in the basic
sentence pattern: N LV N
• The first noun is the subject noun (SN).
• The second noun is called a predicate noun
and is abbreviated as PrN.
• Notice that the verb in this pattern is a
different type—the linking verb.
Lesson 100
•
•
•
•
How do we abbreviate predicate noun?
PrN
What kind of verb is used in Pattern 4?
linking verb
Lesson 100
• The fourth pattern in the Shurley Method is
subject noun / linking verb / predicate noun /
Pattern 4.
• It is written SN LV PrN P4.
Lesson 100
• What is the fourth pattern?
• subject noun / linking verb / predicate noun /
Pattern 4
Lesson 100
5 things to know about a predicate noun
1. A predicate noun is a noun or pronoun after the
verb that means the same thing as the subject.
2. A predicate noun is labeled as PrN.
3. To find the predicate noun, ask WHAT or WHO
after the verb.
4. A predicate noun is often called a predicate
nominative.
5. A predicate noun is always after a linking verb.
Lesson 100
• A predicate noun is always what part of
speech?
• a noun or a pronoun
• A predicate noun always comes after what
type of verb?
• linking verb
Lesson 100
The rhinoceros is an animal.
Lesson 100
The rhinoceros is a large,
thick-skinned animal
in Africa and Asia.
Lesson 100
My sister is a very agreeable person.
Lesson 100
During the weekends my mother
is an elevator operator
at an expensive hotel.
Lesson 100
Squirrels and chipmunks
are industrious animals.
Lesson 101
In this lesson you will learn
• how to identify regular and irregular verbs,
• how to identify the simple verb tenses,
• and how to identify tenses of helping verbs.
Lesson 101
• Most verbs are regular verbs.
• Regular verbs form past tense merely by adding
–ed, -d, or –t to the main verb.
• Example: race, raced
• Verbs that do not form past tense in this regular
way are called irregular verbs.
• Most irregular verbs form the past tense by
having a vowel spelling change in the word.
• Examples: sing, sang, sung or eat, ate, eaten
Lesson 101
• Regular verbs are made past tense by
adding...?
• -ed, -d, -t
• Irregular verbs usually require this kind of
change.
• vowel spelling change
Lesson 101
Identify each verb as regular or irregular and then
determine the past tense of the verb.
dance
regular, danced
grow
irregular, grew
shoot
irregular, shot
try
regular, tried
Lesson 101
Identify each verb as regular or irregular and
then determine the past tense of the verb.
drive
irregular, drove
build
regular, built
Lesson 101
• When you are writing paragraphs, you must use
verbs that are in the same tense.
• Tense means time.
• The tense of a verb shows the time of the action.
• There are three basic tenses that show when the
action take place:
1. present tense
2. past tense
3. future tense
Lesson 101
• The simple present tense shows that
something is happening now, in the present.
• The present tense form usually has no ending
unless it ends in –s or –es.
• Regular present tense form: race, races
• Irregular present tense form: fall, falls
• Example: The cars race toward the finish line.
• Example: The snow falls silently.
Lesson 101
• The simple past tense shows that something
has happened sometime in the past.
• The regular past tense form ends in –ed, -d, or
–t. Most irregular past tense forms should be
memorized.
• Regular past tense form: raced
• Irregular past tense form: fell
• Example: The cars raced toward the finish line.
• Example: The snow fell silently.
Lesson 101
• The future tense shows that something will
happen sometime in the future.
• The future tense always has the helping verbs will
or shall before the main verb.
• Regular tense form: will race
• Irregular tense form: will fall
• Example: The cars will race toward the finish line.
• Example: The snow will fall silently.
Lesson 101
• This tense references something happening
now.
• simple present tense
• This tense shows something that happened
before now.
• simple past tense
• This tense requires a helping verb.
• future tense
Lesson 101
Identifying Simple Present Tense
Look for: one verb
with s, es, or plain ending
Example: He walks to the car.
Example: They drive the car.
Lesson 101
Identifying Simple Past Tense
Look for: one verb
with –ed, -d, -t or irregular spelling change
Example: He walked to the car.
Example: They drove the car.
Lesson 101
Identifying Future Tense
Look for: will or shall
with a main verb.
Example: He will walk to the car.
Example: They will drive the car.
Lesson 101
Identify the verb tense as present, past, or future.
1. My sister swims every weekend.
present tense
2. We had laughed at his funny jokes.
past tense
3. Were you painting the house?
past tense
4. I will be leaving soon.
future tense
Lesson 101
• In a sentence with a helping verb and a main
verb, the tense of both verbs will be
determined by the helping verb (not the main
verb).
• Present tense helping verbs: am, is, are, has,
have, does, do
• Past tense helping verbs: was, were, had, did,
been
• Future tense helping verbs: will, shall
Lesson 101
Determine the tense of the helping verb.
am
present tense
are
present tense
had
past tense
shall
future tense
does
present tense
did
past tense
Lesson 101
• Sometimes a present tense helping verb will
be paired with a regular verb that has an –ed
ending; the verb tense is still present since the
helping verb determines the verb tense.
• Example: I have walked to school.
present tense
• Example: She has cried every day.
present tense
Lesson 101
Practice Sentence
A Adj SN LV PrN P A Adj OP.
Lesson 103
Copper is an excellent conductor
of heat and electricity.
Lesson 103
Stacey’s husband was
a hysterical man
at the press conference.
Lesson 103
His command was a ridiculous
joke.
Lesson 103
The general from the military base
is a generous and kind man.
Lesson 103
Wheat, gold, and clothes
are commodities.
Lesson 103
• Every main verb has four principal parts.
• These parts are:
– present
– present participle
– past
– past participle
• These parts are the same for regular and
irregular verbs.
Lesson 103
• Present participle part has a present tense
main verb and no helping verb.
• Examples: He walks home. He grows fast.
They grow fast.
• Past participle part has a past tense main verb
and no helping verb.
• Examples: He walked home. He grew fast.
Lesson 103
• Past participle principal part has a past tense
main verb and a present or past tense helping
verb.
• Examples: He has walked home. He has grown
fast.
• Present participle principal part has a main verb
ending in –ing and a present or past tense helping
verb.
• Examples: He is walking home. He is growing
fast.
Lesson 105
The weasel is a deadly enemy
of small animals in the forest.
Lesson 105
A periodical is a magazine
in the magazine section
of the library.
Lesson 105
A desert is an arid region.
Lesson 105
The earth’s largest land areas
are continents.
Lesson 105
A revolver is a pistol with a supply
of bullets in a revolving cylinder.
Lesson 107
• Why do we study verb tenses?
• It is very important to study verb tenses,
because you will use it in your writing.
• Verb tenses in sentences tell the reader the
time period an event takes place.
• Mixing verb tenses, a common mistake, can
make your writing awkward and confusing to
your reader.
Lesson 107
• Example of mixed verb tenses:
– The door opened, and my sister comes into the
kitchen and grinned.
• In this sentence, opened and grinned are past
tense and comes is present tense.
• The shift from past to present to past leaves
your reader wondering about the time these
actions take place.
Lesson 107
• Bessie kicks over the milk pail every morning.
The warm, white milk spills upon the ground.
Mama talks angrily to Bessie. Bessie rolls her
eyes at Mama. Mama stands up, and she calls
for Papa. Papa gets Bessie. Then he sits down
and milks her without any trouble. Bessie just
grins at Mama.
• Identify all the verbs.
Lesson 107
• Bessie kicks over the milk pail every morning.
The warm, white milk spills upon the ground.
Mama talks angrily to Bessie. Bessie rolls her
eyes at Mama. Mama stands up, and she calls for
Papa. Papa gets Bessie. Then he sits down and
milks her without any trouble. Bessie just grins at
Mama.
• Looking at the verbs, what is the tense of this
paragraph?
• present tense
Lesson 107
• We will now change the paragraph to past tense.
• To do this, we must change each verb to past
tense one at a time.
• Bessie kicks over the milk pail every morning.
The warm, white milk spills upon the ground.
Mama talks angrily to Bessie. Bessie rolls her
eyes at Mama. Mama stands up, and she calls for
Papa. Papa gets Bessie. Then he sits down and
milks her without any trouble. Bessie just grins at
Mama.
Lesson 107
• Bessie kicked over the milk pail every
morning. The warm, white milk spilled upon
the ground. Mama talked angrily to Bessie.
Bessie rolled her eyes at Mama. Mama stood
up, and she called for Papa. Papa got Bessie.
Then he sat down and milked her without any
trouble. Bessie just grinned at Mama.
• Let’s read these both again to compare.
Lesson 107
• Bessie kicks over the milk pail every morning.
The warm, white milk spills upon the ground.
Mama talks angrily to Bessie. Bessie rolls her
eyes at Mama. Mama stands up, and she calls for
Papa. Papa gets Bessie. Then he sits down and
milks her without any trouble. Bessie just grins at
Mama.
• Bessie kicked over the milk pail every morning.
The warm, white milk spilled upon the ground.
Mama talked angrily to Bessie. Bessie rolled her
eyes at Mama. Mama stood up, and she called
for Papa. Papa got Bessie. Then he sat down and
milked her without any trouble. Bessie just
grinned at Mama.
Lesson 108
• My two-year old sister is a demolition squad. She
smears syrup on her pancakes, on the table, and
on her hair. Then she rolls the dog’s hair, her
doll’s hair, her hair, and the kitchen tablecloth.
She does not know the meaning of nap time. She
cries until Mom picks her up. The rest of the day
she is grumpy and gets into everything. Poor
Mom! By supper time our little demolition squad
sleeps in her highchair, and no one even blinks
hard!
• Identify all the verbs.
Lesson 108
• My two-year old sister is a demolition squad. She
smears syrup on her pancakes, on the table, and
on her hair. Then she rolls the dog’s hair, her
doll’s hair, her hair, and the kitchen tablecloth.
She does not know the meaning of nap time. She
cries until Mom picks her up. The rest of the day
she is grumpy and gets into everything. Poor
Mom! By supper time our little demolition squad
sleeps in her highchair, and no one even blinks
hard!
• Looking at the verbs, what is the tense of this
paragraph?
• present tense
Lesson 108
• We will now change the paragraph to past
tense.
• To do this, we must change each verb to past
tense one at a time.
Lesson 108
• My two-year old sister is a demolition squad.
She smears syrup on her pancakes, on the
table, and on her hair. Then she rolls the dog’s
hair, her doll’s hair, her hair, and the kitchen
tablecloth. She does not know the meaning of
nap time. She cries until Mom picks her up.
The rest of the day she is grumpy and gets into
everything. Poor Mom! By supper time our
little demolition squad sleeps in her highchair,
and no one even blinks hard!
Lesson 108
• My two-year old sister was a demolition squad.
She smeared syrup on her pancakes, on the table,
and on her hair. Then she rolled the dog’s hair,
her doll’s hair, her hair, and the kitchen
tablecloth. She did not know the meaning of nap
time. She cried until Mom picked her up. The
rest of the day she was grumpy and got into
everything. Poor Mom! By supper time our little
demolition squad slept in her highchair, and no
one even blinked hard!
Lesson 108
The clock on the mantle
is an antique
from my grandfather’s collection.
Lesson 108
The mink is a slender, aggressive,
water-loving member
of the weasel family.
Lesson 108
Joey was an ace at tennis
during his youth.
Lesson 109
The school children are
honorary members
of the fire department.
Lesson 108
Our dog is a champion collie.
Lesson 109
• Today we are going to fix paragraphs with
mixed tenses.
• This means that some verbs are in present
tense and others are in past tense.
• We will change all the verbs to the past tense
in our example.
Lesson 109
• I did not understand my neighbor. He has an
okay yard. It never grows very much unless it
rained a lot. Then he decides to sod his yard.
The sod looked like square of carpet. He places
them carefully in his front lawn. He waters and
fertilized his lawn quite often. His beautiful lawn
now had growing problems. It grew too well
because he had to mow it every week. That is his
problem, right? Wrong! My dad bought sod for
our okay yard. Right! I had to mow it.
• Identify all the verbs.
Lesson 109
• I did not understand my neighbor. He has an
okay yard. It never grows very much unless it
rained a lot. Then he decides to sod his yard.
The sod looked like square of carpet. He places
them carefully in his front lawn. He waters and
fertilized his lawn quite often. His beautiful lawn
now had growing problems. It grew too well
because he had to mow it every week. That is his
problem, right? Wrong! My dad bought sod for
our okay yard. Right! I had to mow it.
• Change all present tense verbs to past tense.
Lesson 109
• I did not understand my neighbor. He had an
okay yard. It never grew very much unless it
rained a lot. Then he decided to sod his yard.
The sod looked like square of carpet. He placed
them carefully in his front lawn. He watered and
fertilized his lawn quite often. His beautiful lawn
now had growing problems. It grew too well
because he had to mow it every week. That was
his problem, right? Wrong! My dad bought sod
for our okay yard. Right! I had to mow it.
Lesson 110
• Sarah hurried to the window and looked outside.
Her feet flew over the floor as she rushed out and
made a dash for the four clotheslines full of
clothes. The sheets slapped and twisted around
her as she grabbed and pulled clothes frantically
off the lines. She smelled the rain even before
the full blast of it splashed her in the face. As
Sarah trudged inside, the wet clothes trailed
behind her.
• Identify the verbs.
Lesson 110
• Sarah hurried to the window and looked outside.
Her feet flew over the floor as she rushed out and
made a dash for the four clotheslines full of
clothes. The sheets slapped and twisted around
her as she grabbed and pulled clothes frantically
off the lines. She smelled the rain even before
the full blast of it splashed her in the face. As
Sarah trudged inside, the wet clothes trailed
behind her.
• What is the tense of this paragraph?
• past tense
Lesson 110
• Change the paragraph to present tense.
• Sarah hurried to the window and looked outside.
Her feet flew over the floor as she rushed out and
made a dash for the four clotheslines full of
clothes. The sheets slapped and twisted around
her as she grabbed and pulled clothes frantically
off the lines. She smelled the rain even before
the full blast of it splashed her in the face. As
Sarah trudged inside, the wet clothes trailed
behind her.
Lesson 110
• Sarah hurries to the window and looks
outside. Her feet fly over the floor as she
rushes out and makes a dash for the four
clotheslines full of clothes. The sheets slap
and twist around her as she grabs and pulls
clothes frantically off the lines. She smells the
rain even before the full blast of it splashes
her in the face. As Sarah trudges inside, the
wet clothes trail behind her.
Lesson 110
Leopards and panthers
are big cats from the jungle.
Lesson 110
The blade on Dad’s tractor
is a handy tool for road work.
Lesson 110
California is a state along the coast
of the Pacific Ocean.
Lesson 110
Yes! My class is the winner
of the candy contest!
Lesson 112
• Jamie loved popcorn. He ate popcorn all day
long. He even told his mom to buy popcorn in
large sacks. He finally invented a popcorn
machine. This machine popped lots of popcorn
at one time. While all his friends watched,
Jimmie started his popping machine. Soon
everyone had plenty of popcorn. In fact, popcorn
was all over the kitchen. Jamie and his friends
picked up the popcorn and sacked it. Then they
sold the popcorn to the kids in the neighborhood.
• Identify the verbs.
Lesson 112
• Jamie loved popcorn. He ate popcorn all day
long. He even told his mom to buy popcorn in
large sacks. He finally invented a popcorn
machine. This machine popped lots of popcorn
at one time. While all his friends watched,
Jimmie started his popping machine. Soon
everyone had plenty of popcorn. In fact, popcorn
was all over the kitchen. Jamie and his friends
picked up the popcorn and sacked it. Then they
sold the popcorn to the kids in the neighborhood.
• What is the tense of this paragraph?
• past tense
Lesson 112
• Change the tense of the paragraph to present.
• Jamie loved popcorn. He ate popcorn all day
long. He even told his mom to buy popcorn in
large sacks. He finally invented a popcorn
machine. This machine popped lots of popcorn
at one time. While all his friends watched,
Jimmie started his popping machine. Soon
everyone had plenty of popcorn. In fact, popcorn
was all over the kitchen. Jamie and his friends
picked up the popcorn and sacked it. Then they
sold the popcorn to the kids in the neighborhood.
Lesson 112
• Jamie loves popcorn. He eats popcorn all day
long. He even tells his mom to buy popcorn in
large sacks. He finally invents a popcorn
machine. This machine pops lots of popcorn at
one time. While all his friends watch, Jimmie
starts his popping machine. Soon everyone has
plenty of popcorn. In fact, popcorn is all over the
kitchen. Jamie and his friends pick up the
popcorn and sack it. Then they sell the popcorn
to the kids in the neighborhood.
Lesson 112
That oak table is
a priceless antique.
Lesson 112
Fried okra and black-eyed peas
are popular dishes in the South.
Lesson 112
My sister is a talented gymnast.
Lesson 112
The telephone is
a very useful invention.
Lesson 113
Give me two sacks of popcorn.
Lesson 113
People lined the streets
of the town for the parade.
Lesson 113
Patty’s cousin was the queen
at the carnival.
Lesson 113
Are you going to the prom tonight?
Lesson 114
• My brother is a student of the martial arts. He
loves it and practices all the time. He shouts
and kicks his bare foot high in the air. I shout
at him to stop, but he goes right on. I glare at
him and his black belt. This constant practice
has to stop! I kick my chair out of the way and
jump in front of him. I dare him to practice
one more time in front of me. He grins at me
and bows. Then he walks out and leaves me
in peace.
• Identify the verbs.
Lesson 114
• My brother is a student of the martial arts. He
loves it and practices all the time. He shouts and
kicks his bare foot high in the air. I shout at him
to stop, but he goes right on. I glare at him and
his black belt. This constant practice has to stop!
I kick my chair out of the way and jump in front of
him. I dare him to practice one more time in
front of me. He grins at me and bows. Then he
walks out and leaves me in peace.
• What is the tense of this paragraph?
• present tense
Lesson 114
• Change the verbs so that the paragraph is in past
tense.
• My brother is a student of the martial arts. He
loves it and practices all the time. He shouts and
kicks his bare foot high in the air. I shout at him
to stop, but he goes right on. I glare at him and
his black belt. This constant practice has to stop!
I kick my chair out of the way and jump in front of
him. I dare him to practice one more time in
front of me. He grins at me and bows. Then he
walks out and leaves me in peace.
Lesson 114
• My brother was a student of the martial arts.
He loved it and practiced all the time. He
shouted and kicked his bare foot high in the
air. I shouted at him to stop, but he went right
on. I glared at him and his black belt. This
constant practice had to stop! I kicked my
chair out of the way and jumped in front of
him. I dared him to practice one more time in
front of me. He grinned at me and bowed.
Then he walked out and left me in peace.
Lesson 115
• The verbs went and gone, was and were,
done and did, and come and came are often
used incorrectly.
• Fix the incorrect sentences.
• INCORRECT: I have went.
• Correct: I have gone.
• INCORRECT: I done my work.
• Correct: I have done my work.
Lesson 115
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
INCORRECT: I have did my work.
Correct: I did my work.
INCORRECT: We was watching television.
Correct: We were watching television.
INCORRECT: You was our favorite teacher.
Correct: You were our favorite teacher.
INCORRECT: I have came early for this meeting.
Correct: I have come early for this meeting.
Lesson 116
• My mom and dad invited their best friends to our
house for the weekend. They hadn’t seen them
for years. They recruited me for major cleaning
chores. I kept telling my mom that I did not
understand all this fuss just because some people
were coming to visit. I cleaned and grumbled all
week. As their friends were getting out of their
car, I caught my breath. They had a good-looking
son, and he was just my age! I raced into the
house and changed into something more
becoming. Then I quickly checked my hair again.
Mom said that she did not understand all this
fuss just because a boy came to visit.
• Identify the verbs.
Lesson 116
• My mom and dad invited their best friends to our
house for the weekend. They hadn’t seen them for
years. They recruited me for major cleaning chores. I
kept telling my mom that I did not understand all this
fuss just because some people were coming to visit. I
cleaned and grumbled all week. As their friends were
getting out of their car, I caught my breath. They had a
good-looking son, and he was just my age! I raced into
the house and changed into something more
becoming. Then I quickly checked my hair again. Mom
said that she did not understand all this fuss just
because a boy came to visit.
• What tense is this paragraph?
• past tense
Lesson 116
• Change the tense of the paragraph to present tense.
• My mom and dad invited their best friends to our
house for the weekend. They hadn’t seen them for
years. They recruited me for major cleaning chores. I
kept telling my mom that I did not understand all this
fuss just because some people were coming to visit. I
cleaned and grumbled all week. As their friends were
getting out of their car, I caught my breath. They had a
good-looking son, and he was just my age! I raced into
the house and changed into something more
becoming. Then I quickly checked my hair again. Mom
said that she did not understand all this fuss just
because a boy came to visit.
Lesson 116
• My mom and dad invite their best friends to our
house for the weekend. They haven’t seen them
for years. They recruit me for major cleaning
chores. I keep telling my mom that I do not
understand all this fuss just because some people
are coming to visit. I clean and grumble all week.
As their friends are getting out of their car, I catch
my breath. They have a good-looking son, and he
is just my age! I race into the house and change
into something more becoming. Then I quickly
check my hair again. Mom says that she does not
understand all this fuss just because a boy comes
to visit.
Lesson 116
That soda pop is
a good thirst quencher.
Lesson 116
The tired baby cried and rubbed
her eyes.
Lesson 116
My grandmother bought me
a new bicycle.
Lesson 116
The horses were galloping wildly
down the street!
Lesson 117
• The verbs sit and set, lie and lay, and rise and
raise are often confused.
• To avoid using these words incorrectly, it is
important that we know two things:
– the meanings of the verbs
– and whether or not the verbs are followed by
direct objects.
Lesson 117
• The verb sit (sit, sat, sat sitting) means to rest in a
seated position.
• Sit has no direct object.
• Example: The exhausted shoppers sit on the mall
bench.
• Example: The vase of roses sits on the piano.
• The verb set (set, set, set, setting) means to put
something down.
• Set has a direct object.
• Example: Mother set a vase of roses on the piano.
• Example: The server was setting our food on the
table.
Lesson 117
• The verb lie (lie, lay, lain, lying) means to rest in a
reclining position.
• Lie has no direct object.
• Example: The cows lie in the pasture every day.
• Example: An old hat has lain on the porch for weeks.
• The verb lay (lay, laid, laid, laying) means to put
something down.
• Lay has a direct object.
• Example: Please lay your pencils on your desk.
• Example: The workers laid the asphalt in one
afternoon.
Lesson 117
• The verb rise (rise, rose, risen, rising) means to
get up or go higher.
• Rise has no direct object.
• Example: We rise early every day at camp.
• Example: Smoke was rising from the demolished
building.
• The verb raise (raise, raised, raised, raising)
means to lift something up.
• Raise has a direct object.
• Example: The boys raise the flag each morning.
• Example: Students were politely raising their
hands.
Lesson 117
• Which of these verbs (sit, set, lie, lay, rise,
raise) does not have a direct object?
• sit, lie, rise
• Which of these verbs (sit, set, lie, lay, rise,
raise) has a direct object?
• set, lay, raise
Lesson 117
• Indentify the correct verb choice in each sentence
by first determining if the sentence has a direct
object.
• Bradley is (sitting, setting) in the swing on the
porch.
• No direct object, sitting
• Our chickens are (laying, lying) many eggs.
• Direct object, laying
• My best friend has (raised, risen) above difficult
circumstances.
• No direct object, risen
Lesson 117
• The verbs bring and take, can and may, and learn
and teach are often confused.
• Bring indicates movement toward you.
• Take indicates movement away from you.
• Determine which is correct.
• Please (bring, take) me the book on the counter.
• Please bring me the book on the counter.
• Remember to (bring, take) the dog for a walk.
• Remember to take the dog for a walk.
Lesson 117
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Can refers to ability.
May refers to permission.
Determine which is correct.
(Can, May) I have a ride on your motorcycle?
May I have a ride on your motorcycle?
(Can, May) you swim the length of the pool?
Can you swim the length of the pool?
Lesson 117
• Learn means to obtain knowledge.
• Teach means to give instruction.
• My dad (learned, taught) me the value of
money.
• My dad taught me the value of money.
• The new teacher (learned, taught) a lot from us.
• The new teacher learned a lot from us.
Lesson 118
The tiny gray mouse ate a raisin
from the floor.
Lesson 118
Gas light is the brightest kind
of artificial light.
Lesson 118
Many things are now made
of synthetic rubber.
Lesson 118
My aunt gave me a warm blanket
for my bed.
Group 11 Editing Test
• Edit the rough draft below.
Weather is so fickle and nature gets first hand experence
in dealing with it’s moods. For example, during a quite
afternoon shower, rain drizles softly on the grass it caress
the soil and plants and it quenches there thirst. The light
shower is refreshing, and cools the air. The flowers lifts its
blooms while they drank in the delicious, wet water.
Suddenly the weather changed. The wind start to howl
and the sky darkened. A storm begins. The wind and rain
now beats the flowers and plants without mercy. The
leaves of tree shred, and tear off. The plants bows its
heads and wait for the pounding to cease. The storm
finally stopped. The tired plants does not notice in there
weakness there is no one to view the destruction and no
one to care. The weather went on
Edited Draft
Weather is so fickle, and nature gets first hand
experience in dealing with its moods. For example, during
a quiet afternoon shower, rain drizzles softly on the grass.
It caresses the soil and plants, and it quenches their thirst.
The light shower is refreshing and cools the air. The
flowers lift their blooms while they drink in the delicious,
we water. Suddenly the weather changes. The wind starts
to howl, and the sky darkens. A storm begins. The wind
and rain now beat the flowers and plants without mercy.
The leaves of trees shred and tear off. The plants bow
their heads and wait for the pounding to cease. The storm
finally stops. The tired plants do not notice in their
weakness. There is no one to view the destruction and no
one to care. The weather goes on.

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